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Subject: CRS: Daily Summary - 3/24/2000 - Longer Friday Version - Part 2 of 2
From: Steve Gutreuter <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Scientific forum on fish and fisheries <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 24 Mar 2000 14:12:50 -0600

text/plain (485 lines)

Note to list members: These reports from the  U.S. Congressional
Research Service, are generally posted once a week and are made
available by way of friendly staff in congress.  If you would rather not
see them in your mailbox you can modify your subscription by sending the
command  SET FISH-SCI TOPICS -CRS to [log in to unmask]


{{Salmon Field Hearing.  On April 27, 2000, the House Resources
has scheduled an oversight field hearing in Pasco, WA, on hydropower,
management, and salmon recovery issues on the Columbia and Snake
[personal communication]

{WTO Dispute Regarding Canadian Salmon.  On Mar. 21, 2000, Australia's
Minister of Trade Mark Vaile announced that Australia would not appeal a
World Trade Organization (WTO) decision allowing Canada to export
salmon to Australia since strict quarantine provisions would be
to these imports.  However, Tasmanian state officials remain adamant
defying the WTO by retaining a ban on importing Canadian salmon, opening
possibility that WTO could permit Canada to impose retaliatory sanctions
Australian imports.  The Australian Workers Union called for rolling
bans on
the handling of Canadian products.} [Australian Assoc Press, Australian
Broadcasting Company]

WA Management.  Mar. 20, 2000 is the deadline for comments on draft
sound chinook salmon recovery framework regulations [ ] developed by the Tri-County Salmon Recovery
Group. [Seattle Herald, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Seattle Times]

{NAFTA Complaint.  On Mar. 15, 2000, a coalition of 5 environmental
filed a complaint with the North American Free Trade Agreement's
Commission for Environmental Cooperation, charging Canada with failing
enforce its laws to adequately protect fish habitat from logging.
Particular concern was expressed with British Columbia's logging
that allow timber companies to clearcut areas adjacent to streams and
logs through streambeds.} [Natural Resources Defense Council press

Lower Columbia Sport Fishery.  On Mar. 15, 2000, OR and WA officials
the lower Columbia River sport fishing season on spring chinook, after
declined to issue the states permits to take ESA-listed Snake River
NMFS did not issue the permit because the Columbia River Fish Management
plan between these states for allocating harvest had expired in July
State managers contend the fishery is managed to focus on Willamette
hatchery chinook and minimize the threat to ESA-list salmon. [Assoc

CA Management.  On Mar. 14, 2000, the CA Board of Forestry and Fire
Protection held a public hearing in Sacramento to consider changes to
Forest Practice rules affecting streams, road building, and logging [ ] on
private land from Santa Cruz County to the OR border.  Both loggers and
environmentalists protested the proposed new rules on how close to
private landowners could cut timber to better protect coho salmon and
steelhead trout; sport and commercial fishermen supported the new
rules.  On
Mar. 15, 2000, the CA Board of Forestry and Fire Protection voted
unanimously to adopt a compromise set of temporary logging limits to
increase protection for coho salmon.  Under the compromise, logging near
streams on private land will be limited through the end of 2000 while
specific plans are developed for each major watershed. [San Jose
Assoc Press]

NPPC Salmon Expenditures.  On Mar. 14, 2000, the Northwest Power
Council (NPPC) met in Pasco, WA, to discuss development of a master plan
guide future decisions on spending about $120 million annually to
salmon. [Assoc Press]

Northern California Water.  On Mar. 13, 2000, U.S. District Court Judge
Oliver Wanger, in response to a San Joaquin Valley farmers' lawsuit,
that the U.S. Dept. of the Interior had legally used and accounted for
Central Valley Project water ordered to remain in northern CA rivers for
environmental purposes to benefit threatened and endangered fish.

Fish-Friendly Turbines?  On Mar. 7, 2000, Army Corps of Engineers
announced that, upon testing, a new $1.25 million "fish-friendly"
turbine at
Bonneville Dam fell somewhat short of anticipated levels of salmon
protection, improving juvenile salmon survival by 2-3%.  Nine additional
"fish-friendly" turbines are planned for Bonneville Dam. [Portland

Elwha River Dams.  In early March 2000, titles to the Elwha and Glines
Canyon dams were transferred from the Fort James Paper Co. And Daishowa
America Inc. to the U.S. National Park Service.  Pending further review,
dams are being operated by the Bureau of Reclamation for power
[Dept. of the Interior press release, Trout Unlimited press release,

Dworshak Hatchery.  On the weekend of Mar. 4-5, 2000, intruders at the
Dworshak National Fish Harchery, ID, released 150-200 hatchery-raised
steelhead trout from a hatchery holding pond. [Spokane Spokesman]

Pacific Salmon Treaty.  On Mar. 2, 2000, British Columbia's Fisheries
Minister Corky Evans announced that the BC government was dropping its
appeal in U.S. federal court in a September 1997 lawsuit challenging
implementation of the Pacific Salmon Treaty.  BC took this action to
an intent to improve cooperation with the United States. [Canadian
Assoc Press]

International Enforcement.  On Mar. 1-3, 2000, U.S., Japanese, Canadian,
Russian officials met in Tokyo for an Enforcement Planning and
meeting under the authority of the North Pacific Anadromous Fish
to coordinate high seas driftnet enforcement in the North Pacific.
Guard press release]

Theodosia River Dam.  On Feb. 28, 2000, British Columbia officials
the conclusion of an agreement with Pacifica Papers Inc. to demolish a
292-foot long dam across the Theodosia River.  This would be the first
Canadian dam to be removed, and would benefit coho, pink, and chum
populations entering Georgia Strait. [Environment News Service]

Dam Breaching.  On Feb. 28, 2000, Presidential candidate George W. Bush,
speaking in Pasco, WA, promised to forestall breaching of the 4 lower
River dams.  Radio advertisements supportive of George W. Bush called
breaching "a big mistake."  On Feb. 29, 2000, NM Rep. Tom Udall was
to have written a letter to President Clinton, becoming the first Member
Congress to publically endorse breaching the 4 lower Snake River dams.
Mar. 9, 2000, and for the second year in a row, the environmental group
American Rivers named the Snake River in WA as the nation's most
river and called on the Clinton Administration to breach the 4
dams to aid salmon recovery efforts.  {{In late March 2000, Corps of
Engineers officials reported that, at recent hearings in 4 Pacific
states, supporters of dam breaching outnumbered opponents by  a ratio of
3-to-1.  Additional public comment is being accepted by the Corps
Mar. 31, 2000.}} [Assoc Press, Portland Oregonian, MSNBC, American
press release]

Klamath Fishery.  On Feb. 23-25, 2000 (Brookings, OR) and Mar. 5, 2000
(Sacramento, CA), the Klamath Fishery Management Council is scheduled to
meet to develop recommendations for salmon harvest management for year
Recommendations will be forwarded to the Pacific Fishery Management
[U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service press release]

Salmon Management Options.  From Feb. 3 through Mar. 8, 2000, a total of
public hearings were held by Bonneville Power Administration and 8 other
federal agencies across OR, WA, ID, MT, and AK on the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers Draft Lower Snake River Juvenile Salmon Migration Feasibility
Report/Environmental Impact Statement and the Federal Caucus
Conservation of
Columbia Basin Fish "All-H Paper" [ ] presenting
for altering harvest, hatcheries, habitat, and hydroelectric dams.  The
initial hearing on Feb. 3, 2000, in Portland, OR, was attended by at
1,000 people. [Assoc. Press]


Pittsburgh Aquarium.  May 13, 2000 is the scheduled opening date for the
Pittsburg Zoo's new $15.9 million, 42,000 square foot AquaZoo, including
rotating fish tank, a 100,000-gallon shark tank, and interactive
[Pittsburgh Post-Gazette]

{Organic Handling and Production.  Between Apr. 10 and May 3, 2000, the
Dept. of Agriculture has scheduled 3 public meetings in AL, AK, and RI
discuss production and handling of aquatic animals to be labeled as
"organic."  This is part of an effort to establish national standards
governing the marketing of products as organically produced.} [USDA

{New Carissa Lawsuit.  In mid-March 2000, Clausen Oyster Co. filed a $3
million lawsuit in U.S. District Court (Eugene, OR) against the New
its Japanese owners, its captain, and a Portland salvage operator,
that fuel oil spilled when the ship ran aground in Coo Bay, OR, in
1999, destroyed half of Clausen's 700 acres of oysters.  Three claims
(together totaling almost $325,000) have been settled with other Coos
oyster growers.  Representatives of the ship owners claim the observed
oyster mortality was due to natural causes.} [Assoc Press]

Aquaroid Fish?  At a Tokyo toy fair on Mar. 16, 2000, Takara Co.
displayed a
new line of Aquaroid Fish -- robot cyber-pets, including a fish, a
jellyfish, and a crab.  These solar-powered, computer-controlled
are to become available in Japanese stores in fall 2000, with a price of
around $140 each. [Assoc Press]


Kokanee Recovery.  On Mar. 13, 2000, King County Executive Ron Sims
emergency measures to restore kokanee (non-migratory sockeye salmon)
spawn in lower Issaquah Creek, including a supplementation program for
kokanee at the Issaquah Hatchery to increase spawning success.  [Seattle
Post-Intelligencer, Seattle Times]

Fairy Shrimp.  On Mar. 8, 2000, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
designating critical habitat for endangered San Diego fairy shrimp on a
total of more than 36,000 acres in Orange and San Diego Counties, CA.
Public comment is being accepted through May 8, 2000. [Assoc Press]

Atlantic Salmon.  In early March 2000, U.S. District Judge Gene Carter
extended the public comment time by 30 days, or until April 14,2000, on
NMFS/FWS proposal to list ME Atlantic salmon as endangered to give ME
scientists time to review genetic data.  On Mar. 14, 2000, the ME
Legislature's Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Committee voted to reject a
that proposed reopening ME's fishing season for catch-and-release taking
Atlantic salmon in 3 rivers where these fish have not been proposed for
listing under the Endangered Species Act.  This fishery had been closed
ME's Atlantic Salmon Commission in December 1999.  On Mar. 15, 2000,
and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service published notice that the public
comment period on the proposal to list populations of Atlantic salmon in
as an endangered species had been extended through Apr. 14, 2000. [Fed.
Register, American Lands press release, Assoc Press]

FWS Budget.  On Mar. 2, 2000, the House Appropriations Subcommittee on
Interior and Related Agencies held a hearing on the U.S. Fish and
Service's FY2001 budget request. [personal communication]

Golden Trout Treatment.  On Feb. 28 and 29, 2000, the CA Dept. of Fish
Game and the U.S. Forest Service have scheduled public meetings in Lone
and Kernville to consider proposed September 2000 and September 2001
rotenone treatments of 2 miles of Movie Stinger, a tributary of the
Fork of the Kern River in the Golden Trout Wilderness, Inyo National
to eliminate non-native fish and hybridized golden trout and protect the
genetic integrity of native golden trout.  Public comment is being
through Mar. 15, 2000. [Daily Independent (Ridgecrest)]

Russian Icefishing Emergency.  On Feb. 28, 2000, helicopters rescued as
as 1,000 Russian icefishermen from an ice floe that had broken loose the
previous day in Lake Ladoga, northeast of St. Petersburg,  in response
warming weather.  Six people were reported to have drowned. [Reuters]


{{MMPA Hearing.  On April 6, 2000, the House Resources Subcommittee on
Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans has scheduled an oversight
hearing on the Marine Mammal Protection Act.}} [personal communication]

{{HABs and Marine Mammals.  On Mar. 29, 2000, NMFS and National Ocean
Service staff are scheduled to brief congressional staff in Dirksen
Office Bldg., Washington, DC, on the existing collaborative response
to respond to harmful algal blooms (HABs) and marine mammal mortality
problems associated with these HABs.}} [personal communication]

CITES Hearing.  On Mar. 28, 2000, the House Resources Subcommittee on
Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans has scheduled an oversight
hearing on April 2000 meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
Flora (CITES). [personal communication]

{Canadian Sealing.  In late March 2000, the Canadian harp seal hunt off
Prince Edward Island was scheduled to begin.  However, seals are scarce
not concentrated due to the lack of pack ice in the Gulf of St.
[Canadian Press]

Japanese Whaling.  On Mar. 16, 2000, the International Fund for Animal
Welfare (IFAW) and Greenpeace release the results of a survey of 1,185
Japanese adults on attitudes about whaling and whalemeat consumption.
55% of the Japanese public had no opinion or were neutral regarding
commercial whaling, 14% opposed whaling outright, 11% supported
whaling, and 20% reported that the reason for killing whales would
whether they supported whaling.  In addition, about 61% had not eaten
whalemeat since childhood, if at all. {{On Mar. 23, 2000, the Japan
Association and Japanese government officials questioned the validity of
IFAW survey, citing previous surveys taken in 1992-1995 indicating
public support in Japan for whaling.}} [IFAW press release, Japan
Association press release, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and
(Japan) press release]

{Bahamas Whale/Dolphin Standings. On Mar. 15, 2000, seventeen whales and
dolphins of at least four species in three families (dense-beaked
goose-beaked whales, spotted dolphin, minke whales, rorqual) beached and
died in various locations around the Bahamas, coincidental to U.S. Navy
antisubmarine exercises off the northern Bahamas on Mar. 15.  The Navy
denies any evidence linking the unusual whale beachings and the Naval
exercises, which did not involve low-frequency active sonar.  However,
biologists consider the large number of coincident strandings as well as
involvement of several species highly unusual and probably related in
way.} [Assoc Press, Washington Post, personal communication]

Manatee and Sea Turtle Ruling.  On Mar. 10, 2000 and in response to a
lawsuit by a coalition of environmental groups, a FL Circuit Court judge
ruled that, contrary to a specific exemption by the FL Legislature, a FL
constitutional amendment gives the FL Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission the right to protect marine species (e.g., manatees and sea
turtles) as well as land animals. [Assoc Press]

Soviet Navy Mammals.  In early March 2000, the London Times reported
Crimean authorities had completed the sale and transfer to Iran of 27
mammals (dolphins, beluga whales, walruses, and sea lions) trained by
former Soviet Navy. [London Times]

Sea Lion Protection.  In early March 2000, New Zealand closed a squid
fishery around the Auckland Islands after endangered New Zealand sea
bycatch mortality reached 65 animals.  The early closure may result in
much as a NZ$50 million loss to the fishing industry. [Southland Times]

{Inuit Bowhead Whale Permit.  In early March 2000, the Canadian Inuit
community of Coral Harbour (on Southampton Island), Nunavut, asked the
Nunavut Wildlife Management Board to request federal ministerial
for the community to hunt and kill an endangered bowhead whale in
2000.} [Canadian Press]

Dolphins in the Navy.  In early March 2000, the U.S. Navy flew two
dolphins from San Diego, CA, to Sitka, AK, for participation in the
Edge 2000 military exercise. [Anchorage Daily News]

Keiko.  On Mar. 3, 2000, Keiko was released from his pen into the larger
net- enclosed Klettsvik Bay, Iceland [].
[Portland Oregonian, Reuters, Ocean Futures press release]

Mexican Salt Works Project.  On Mar. 2, 2000, Mexican President Ernesto
Zedillo and officials of Mitsubishi Corp. announced that the government
Mexico and Mitsubishi Corp. would not continue to pursue construction of
salt works project adjacent to San Ignacio lagoon.  {{On Mar. 22, 2000,
Mexican officials announced that the San Ignacio lagoon area would be
preserved and developed in a manner beneficial to local residents,
emphasizing eco-tourism and nature-friendly businesses.}} [Embassy of
press release, Reuters, International Fund for Animal Welfare press
Assoc Press]

North Atlantic Right Whale.  On Mar. 1, 2000, rescue teams attempted to
disentangle a 20-year old male northern right whale found tangled in
gear off Manomet, MA, in Cape Cod Bay.  Initial attempts were
but the whale appeared to be strong and in good health.  On Mar. 3,
the Conservation Law Foundation (Boston, MA) filed a 60-day notice of
to sue NMFS, claiming failure to take action sufficient to protect
endangered north Atlantic right whales under the Endangered Species Act.
[Assoc Press, Boston Herald, Boston Globe]

{Sonar Lawsuit.  On Feb. 29, 2000, a coalition of 10 national and
organizations and Hawai'i County Council member Julie Jacobson filed
suit in
federal court (Honolulu) seeking to halt the U.S. Navy from deploying
Surveillance Towed Array Sonar System (SURTASS) low frequency active
sonar system.  The plaintiffs claim the Navy is violating environmental
by developing this system before completing an analysis of the system's
environmental effects and that the sonar system poses a threat to marine
life and to human swimmers and divers.  The lawsuit also seeks an
to prevent NMFS from processing the Navy's application for a deployment
permit for the system.} [Environment News Service]

Whale Research Irregularities?  On Feb. 29, 2000, 2nd Circuit District
(Maui) Judge Shackley Raffetto held an arraignment and plea hearing for
Pacific Whale Foundation, which was cited on 91 misdemeanor charges for
allegedly conducting whale research in HI waters before a state permit
issued in February 1998.  The federal government has also charged the
foundation with 7 civil violations under the MMPA and Endangered Species
Act.  The Foundation pleaded not guilty, and May 22, 2000 was set as the
state trial date.  A hearing on the federal charges is scheduled for
March 2000. [Maui News]

Items in this Summary are excerpted from a variety of information
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is not responsible for the
of the various news items.

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