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Subject: Next week: E-seminar on vermiculture industry
From: "jacky foo (IOBB)" <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:jacky foo (IOBB)
Date:Thu, 27 Oct 2005 14:42:09 +0200
Content-Type:text/plain
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text/plain (66 lines)


This is a reminder 

IOBB will have an E-seminar next week 
"Vermiculture Industry in Circular Economy" (01-18 Nov. 2005) 
<http://www.iobbnet.org/news/e-sem-14.html> 



You will find the background paper for discussion in 
http://www.iobbnet.org/news/li-nov05.htm

There are 2 ways to read messages: 
(1) at IOBB webforum (Drupal )
Goto http://www.iobbnet.org/drupal/node/view/767 
Note: you can subscribe for email notices for any new seminar
messages.
You need to create a user account.
Note: you will be notified by email whenever a new topic is created.
Note: this is only a notice (not a DIGEST of earlier messages).  

(2) at IOBB e-mail list (LISTSERV)
  http://segate.sunet.se/archives/et-zena.html 
To join, email [log in to unmask] and use the subscription
command:
SUB ET-ZENA yourfirstname yourlastname, countrycode

You will receive a DIGEST of all discussion messages by email.  
Note: due to interface incompatibility, images can only be viewed from
http://www.iobbnet.org/drupal/node/view/767 

IMPT: To be able to write (active participation), you need to be an
IOBB member. 
IOBB Membership Form available at
http://www.iobbnet.org/IOBB-MF-2006-07.doc


+++ Abstract +++
This paper reviews the history of vermiculture, indicating it is an
important component of macro-agriculture. Earthworms seem to be the
missing link of ecological agriculture in China. 

Earthworms can treat large amounts of organic garbage, livestock
manure and poultry droppings and turn them into premium organic
fertilizers, and thus could greatly improve the ecological environment
in rural areas to restore the fertility of the soil because humus only
exists in earthworm feces and castings compared with other
fertilizers. Earthworms can supply quality animal protein for feed and
even for human consumption, and offer the best raw materials for
biochemical and pharmaceutical industries. As industries and
agriculture develop and urban construction is booming, the discharge
of wastewater and sewage soars and wastewater treatment plants are set
up everywhere around cities; stabilizing the sludge presents a big
challenge and earthworms could play an important role in facing this
challenge. Vermiculture should be oriented to stabilize sludge and
organic wastes in circulation economy, for it is an approach to
sustainable agriculture and a measure in promoting organic farming so
as to break technical barriers of production in international trade.

It should be supported by policies under the guidance of scientific
development viewpoint and be put into whole circulation economy as a
means of protecting the environment, maintaining ecological balance,
and fully utilizing resources. However, it should be combined with
other technologies such as EC (electro-coagulation), EH (energized
hydrolyser), and especially EM (effective microorganisms). We should
promote courtyard earthworm composting as well as large-scale
vermiculture, which should be mechanized and automated. 

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