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Subject: Part 1-Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:[log in to unmask]
Date:Wed, 3 Jul 1996 17:19:03 GMT

text/plain (580 lines)

Date: Wed, 03 Jul 1996 11:43:01 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>
Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff -- Part 1
Fisheries Groups:
I'm appending part of a  regular  update I prepare for congressional
staff on fisheries and marine mammal public policy issues as  I  see
them  --  a  selection  of  issues  which I view as having potential
public policy implications for  the  U.S.   Congress.  My role is to
provide objective, non-partisan, unbiased public policy analysis for
Congress.  Thus, it is useful weekly to pass this summary  by  those
subscribing  to  this  list  to  solicit  input about areas where my
objectivity could be  improved,  where  someone's bias shows through
and should be adjusted, and where there are simply other  issues  of
which  I  am  unaware.   Anyway,  what  follows  is today's summary.
Generally I add new items every morning, and remove items after they
have been on the summary  for  about  a month.  Items in the summary
are modified as I receive new information.
In deference to those who have to pay  for  communications  time,  I
post  the  entire summary once each month on the first Friday of the
month, for those who do not monitor  the group each week or wish the
more complete format.  This is longer the first Friday  posting  for
July 1996 (posted July 3, 1996).
NOTE:  Archived  copies  of  "first  Friday"  longer  summaries  for
February 1994 through the present are now available at:
I  would  appreciate your feedback on this summary.  Comments should
be directed to  me  ([log in to unmask]).   I  will post this summary
each Friday on this list as long as I continue  to  receive  helpful
feedback on issues.
To  further  assist  me  in  providing  a broad scope of information
resources to Congress, I would appreciate being added to any mailing
lists of publications, news releases, newsletters, etc.  relevant to
marine mammals and fisheries.  Where there is a subscription cost, a
sample copy would provide  a  basis  for  deciding  whether or not a
subscription could be justified.  Thanks for your assistance in this
                           Gene Buck
                           Congressional Research Service - ENR
                           Library of Congress
                           Washington, DC  20540-7450
                           e-mail:  <[log in to unmask]>
Summary follows:
New info and changes since 06/28/96 are bracketed  {...}.
Marine Fisheries
{New England Groundfish.  On July 1, 1996, the Associated  Fisheries
of  Maine  filed  an  amended  complaint  in  U.S.   District Court,
challenging  the  legality  of  Magnuson  Act  regulations  aimed at
restoring depleted haddock, cod, and yellowtail flounder.  The group
claims the regulations seriously  disadvantage  the  industry  while
providing little conservation benefit.} [Assoc Press]
{Italian Driftnets.  On July 1, 1996, EU Fisheries Commissioner Emma
Bonino   told   Italy   to   respect  international  regulations  on
large-scale driftnets  or  face  possible  U.S.   trade sanctions on
Italian  fishery  products.   Bonino  reported   that   EU   fishery
enforcement  patrols during June found that 15 of 16 Italian vessels
inspected  were  using  driftnets   averaging  twice  the  allowable
length.} [Reuters]
{Atlantic Salmon Treaty Quotas.  In late June 1996, Denmark was  the
only  nation  opposed  to stringent limits on Greenland's harvest of
Atlantic salmon at the annual  meeting  of the North Atlantic Salmon
Conservation Organization, thus allowing Greenland  to  establish  a
potentially   higher  quota.   The  International  Council  for  the
Exploration of the  Sea  had  recommended  a  complete moratorium on
harvest,  based  on  improved  stock  assessment  calculations  that
formerly may have grossly inflated fish  abundance.}  [Bangor  Daily
News via Greenwire]
Fishing   Moratorium.    On  June  27,  1996,  Chinese  Ministry  of
Agriculture officials announced  that  all  offshore fishing will be
prohibited for the months  of  July  and  August  in  areas  of  the
southern Yellow and northern East China Seas to protect fish stocks,
especially  hairtail.   A  similar  ban was imposed in 1995.  [Assoc
Press, Reuters]
Seafood Deception  Lawsuit.   On  June  27,  1996,  the South Dakota
Supreme Court affirmed a lower court decision and unanimously  ruled
that  a  seafood  salesperson  could  legally sue their employer for
deceit and deceptive trade  practices.   The seafood dealer had been
found guilty of mislabeling by substituting cheaper grades  of  fish
and overstating the weight of lobster.  The salesperson claimed that
their  reputation  had  been  marred  by  the  employer's  dishonest
actions.  [Assoc Press]
Straddling Stocks Agreement.  On June 26, 1996, the Senate Committee
on  Foreign  Relations  approved  and ordered favorably reported the
Agreement for the  Implementation  of  the  Provisions of the United
Nations Convention on the  Law  of  the  Sea  of  10  December  1982
Relating  to  the  Conservation  and  Management  of Straddling Fish
Stocks and Highly Migratory  Fish  Stocks, with one declaration, for
Senate floor action on advice and consent  concerning  ratification.
[Congr.  Rec.]
Mercury  in  Fish.   In  mid-June  1996,  Thai  government officials
announced that elevated levels of  mercury had been detected in fish
sampled near natural gas platforms in the Gulf of Thailand.   [Jour.
of Commerce via Greenwire]
Fishery  Issues  Stall  EU-Canada  Cooperation  Accord.  On June 26,
1996, Canada and the European Union  were unable to conclude a broad
cooperation accord due to difficulties  with  provisions  condemning
extra-territorialism, which Canada perceives as admitting its action
during a 1995 dispute over turbot was illegal.  Later this year, the
International  Court  of  Justice  is  to  rule  on  the legality of
Canada's  actions  during  the  turbot  dispute.   [Dow  Jones News,
Seabird Deaths.  In mid-June 1996, mortalities of as many as  10,000
seabirds  (e.g., common murres) offshore of the central Oregon coast
raised concerns  about  changing  oceanic  conditions.  Warmer ocean
conditions are believed  to  have  depressed  normal  upwelling  and
changed  nearshore  production  patterns, resulting in starvation of
the seabirds.  Murres  have  also  abandoned usual nesting colonies.
[Assoc Press]
MA Fish Promotion.  On June 25, 1996, the MA Governor's Seafood Task
Force in cooperation with 125 MA retailers and restauranteurs  began
their  "Making a Splash" promotion featuring mackerel, dogfish (cape
shark), whiting, red hake, and  herring to encourage development and
use of less utilized species.  [Assoc Press]
Kodiak Cold Storage.   In  mid-June  1996,  the  Kodiak  Chamber  of
Commerce's  Economic  Development  Committee  received an optimistic
consultant's  report  on  the  feasibility  of  constructing  a cold
storage facility in  Kodiak,  AK,  to  mitigate  problems  of  large
fluctuations in seasonal unemployment.  [Assoc Press]
Rhode  Island  Oil  Spill.   On  June  25,  1996,  NMFS approved the
reopening for lobstering of a 15-square mile area off southern Rhode
Island, the last  remaining  area  closed  after  the Jan.  19, 1996
North  Cape  oil  spill.   An  adjacent  area  had  been  opened  to
lobstering on June 19, 1996.  Organoleptic tests completed  on  June
18 found no traces of oil in 101 lobsters.  [Assoc Press]
Greenpeace  Industrial  Fishing  Protest.   On June 23-24, 1996, the
Greenpeace vessel MV Sirius  confronted  10  Danish and one Scottish
vessel seeking industrial fish, such as sand eels  and  other  small
fish,  off the east coast of Scotland at a fishing area known as the
Wee Bankie.  Greenpeace seeks  to  have industrial fishing banned in
areas  that  they  consider  ecologically  sensitive  fish   feeding
grounds,  such  as the Wee Bankie, to promote fish stock recovery in
the North Sea.  The British  Navy's armed fishery cruiser, Shetland,
was dispatched to monitor the area.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]
Coral Reef Damage.  On June 20, 1996, a Cypriot cargo ship,  Million
Hope,  carrying  26,000 tons of potassium and phosphate, hit Red Sea
coral reefs in a protected area south of Sharm el-Sheikh and spilled
a  small  quantity  of  engine  oil.   The  ship  remains  partially
submerged in the reef area.  [Reuters]
Florida Net Ban.  On June  19,  1996, Franklin County (FL) Judge Van
Russell ruled that FL Marine Patrol officers can  only  measure  the
perimeter  of  a  shrimp net opening, and not its length (unless the
perimeter exceeds 66 feet),  to  determine  whether the net violates
the FL constitutional amendment banning use of  large  nets.   Judge
Van Russell issued an injunction to implement his ruling.  Shrimpers
had  brought legal action contending the Marine Patrol had illegally
changed its policy  on  net  measurement.   The  FL Marine Fisheries
Commission is appealing the Judge Van Russell's ruling,  which  only
applies  to  Franklin  County,  and the Judge's injunction is stayed
pending action on the appeal.  On  June 25, 1996, FL Governor Lawton
Chile's Cabinet voted to prohibit shrimping  in  certain  waters  of
Franklin,  Wakulla,  and  Gulf  Counties  to better protect juvenile
shrimp production areas.  [Assoc Press]
Coral  Reef  Symposium.   On  June  23-28,  1996,  more  than  1,000
scientists, legislators, and  environmentalists  from 90 nations are
meeting in Panama  for  the  8th  annual  International  Coral  Reef
Symposium.  [Reuters]
Sport  Fishing  Penalty.  On June 21, 1996, two South Carolina sport
anglers pleaded guilty to taking  five times their limit in spottail
bass and were each  sentenced  to  $2,500  fines,  loss  of  fishing
licenses  for  a  year, and 50 hours of community service.  This was
noted as  the  first  time  restitution  had  been  ordered  in a SC
criminal case involving marine sport fishing.  [Assoc Press]
Coast Guard Boarding Refused.  On June 20, 1996,  the  CA  fisherman
who  denied  a  Coast  Guard  request  for  boarding in mid-May 1996
appeared in court to face  criminal charges on resisting Coast Guard
officers and refusing to permit  them  to  inspect  his  vessel.   A
preliminary hearing has been set for July 11, 1996, in San Jose, CA.
[Assoc Press]
1995  Beach Cleanup Report.  On June 20, 1996, the Center for Marine
Conservation reported that  135,000  volunteers  in the annual beach
cleanup held September 1995 removed 2.5 million pounds of trash from
U.S.  shores and beaches.  This amount was 300,000 pounds less  than
in  1994  due  to  more  hurricanes  and  fewer  volunteers  in  the
Caribbean.  [Reuters]
Distinctive  Crab  Labeling.   On  June  19,  1996,  Maryland  state
officials  unveiled  distinctively  labeled containers to be used to
identify blue crabs processed in Maryland.  [Assoc Press]
EASTFISH.  On June 14, 1996, the United Nations Food and Agriculture
Organization announced that it had  signed an agreement with Denmark
to create a fish marketing and information service -- EASTFISH -- to
assist in the transition to competitiveness for  fishing  industries
of central and eastern European nations.  [Reuters]
Arrowtooth  Flounder  Processing.   In  mid-June  1996,  a Univ.  of
Alaska scientist at  the  Kodiak  Fishery Industry Technology Center
announced development of a new non-chemical process to neutralize an
enzyme that rapidly degrades myosin, making arrowtooth flounder turn
mushy and difficult to process or market.  [Assoc Press]
Dairy Use of Fish Oils.  On June  14,  1996,  U.S.   District  Court
Judge  Joseph Tauro issued a temporary restraining order requiring a
Boston area dairy to cease  television  ads implying a rival dairy's
milk smells and tastes fishy  because  that  dairy  uses  shark  and
halibut oil as vitamin supplements.  [Assoc Press]
Sea  of  Okhotsk Agreement.  On June 13, 1996, the United States and
Russia signed a  bilateral  agreement  recognizing  that all fishing
within the international waters (peanut hole) in the central Sea  of
Okhotsk completely surrounded by the Russian economic zone should be
conducted  in  line  with  Russian  Federation  rights,  duties, and
interests.  In addition,  the  United  States  agreed to observe all
Russian efforts to preserve fishery resources in the Sea of  Okhotsk
and  cooperate  with  Russia  in  actions against fishing vessels of
third countries.  [Interfax]
FL Approves Fishing  Pier.   On  June  13,  1996, FL Governor Lawton
Chiles and his Cabinet voted 5-2 to approve a controversial 900-foot
fishing pier south of Jupiter Inlet, near Juno  Beach.   Controversy
developed  because  three  species  of  endangered or threatened sea
turtles dig more than  1,400  nests  within  a half-mile of the pier
site, making this an increasingly concentrated  sea  turtle  nesting
beach.   The  pier  will  be  minimally  lighted and closed at night
during sea turtle nesting season.  [Assoc Press]
Exxon Agreement with  Seattle  Fish  Processors.   On June 11, 1996,
U.S.   District  Judge  H.  Russel  Holland  released  his   opinion
overturning  a secret 1991 agreement whereby Exxon Corp.  would have
recovered about $730  million  in  punitive  damages  from the Exxon
Valdez settlement awarded seven Seattle, WA fish processors.   Judge
Holland  ruled  that  the processors had settled with Exxon and were
due nothing further.   Exxon  is  likely  to  appeal Judge Holland's
decision.  [Assoc Press]
NTSB Concern for Older Fishing Vessels.  On June 11, 1996,  National
Transportation  Safety Board (NTSB) officials reported that lax fire
safety standards endanger  an  estimated  230,000  people working on
fishing vessels built prior to 1991 and not  currently  required  to
meet more recent safety requirements.  The NTSB recommended that the
Coast  Guard  and  other regulators require older fishing vessels to
phase-in new safety requirements including smoke detectors and water
sprinkler systems.  [Assoc Press]
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Regulations.  On June 10, 1996, NMFS announced
regulations, effective June 18,  1996,  increasing the allocation of
1996 Atlantic  bluefin  tuna  quota  to  the  Angling  category  and
reopening  the  large  school/small  medium  category for additional
harvest.  [NMFS press release]
Weakfish Appeal Withdrawn.  On  June  10,  1996, the U.S.  Dept.  of
Justice filed a notice of withdrawal on its appeal of a  Feb.   1996
U.S.   District  Court order overturning a U.S.  Commerce Dept.  ban
on East Coast weakfish (gray  trout)  harvest.  The lower court held
that Secretary of Commerce Brown exceeded his authority  by  closing
the weakfish fishery.  [Assoc Press]
NMFS  Violator's  Vessel  Purchased.   On  June 10, 1996, the Boston
Herald reported  that  NOAA's  New  England  Fishing  Vessel Buyback
Program paid  $300,000  for  the  vessel  of  an  individual  facing
criminal  charges  on  a  federal  fisheries  violation  for landing
scrubbed  female  lobsters.   However,   $100,000  of  the  $400,000
purchase price was withheld by NOAA to  ensure  than  any  penalties
resulting from the violation are paid.  [Reuters]
Chesapeake  Bay.   On  June  10,  1996,  the  Chesapeake Bay Program
released a  study  reporting  that  underwater  grasses  in  the Bay
declined 8% (5,500 acres) in the past year.   This  was  the  second
year  of decreasing habitat cover following five years of increasing
abundance of these  grasses.   Overall,  grass acreage has increased
almost 60% since 1984.  On June  19,  1996,  Virginia  Institute  of
Marine  Science  officials  announced  that  field survival tests of
sterilized Asian oysters would begin in Chesapeake Bay by the end of
1996, a year earlier than previously anticipated.  [Assoc Press]
Oceans Day.  June 8, 1996 was the annual celebration of World Oceans
Day, first declared during the 1992  Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.
[Dow Jones News]
Gulf of Mexico  Dead  Zone.   In  early  June  1996,  LA  scientists
detected  the  reappearance  of  the low-oxygen "dead zone" that can
extend  from  the  mouth   of   the   Mississippi  River  to  Texas.
Development of the dead zone was delayed  this  year  due  to  lower
runoff.   In  1995,  the dead zone grew to an estimated 7,000 square
miles off the LA coast.  [Assoc Press]
Tributyltin Enforcement.  On June 5, 1996, VA Attorney General James
Gilmore threatened to sue  the U.S.  Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) over failure to regulate tributyltin (TBT).  VA enacted a  law
to  restrict  TBT  use.   However,  VA  officials  assert  that this
disadvantaged  VA  shipyards  since  EPA  has  never  established  a
national TBT standard as directed by federal law in 1988.  [Richmond
Times-Dispatch via Greenwire]
Driftnet  Patrol.   In  early  June  1996,  the  European Commission
announced that it had chartered a patrol vessel for four and a  half
months  to  monitor  driftnet  fishing  in the Mediterranean Sea and
Northeast Atlantic.  [Agence Europe via Reuters]
Treaty Whiting Allocation.  On June 5, 1996, NMFS announced that the
Makah tribe of  Washington  State  had  been allocated 15,000 metric
tons of Pacific whiting (hake) under historic Treaty  rights.   This
is  the  first year for this Treaty allocation.  Three other coastal
tribes are entitled  to  similar  rights  but  have not expressed an
interest in receiving an allocation.  On June  26,  1996,  the  West
Coast  Seafood  Processors Assoc., the Midwater Trawlers Cooperative
(Newport, OR), and  the  Fishermen's  Marketing Assoc.  (Eureka, CA)
filed a lawsuit in U.S.  District Court (Portland,  OR)  seeking  to
void  the  allocation  of  whiting  to  the Makah tribe.  The groups
contend the allocation was  arbitrary  for  a tribe having no treaty
rights to the fish and violated the Magnuson Act.  [Assoc Press]
WWF Action Plan and Status Report.  On June 6, 1996, the World  Wide
Fund for Nature published a status report entitled "Marine Fishes in
the  Wild,"  including  a 10-point action plan to deal with concerns
related  to   the   condition   of   marine   fisheries.   [personal
communication, Reuters]
Brunswick Brand Sale.  On  June  5,  1996,  Brunswick  Corp.   (Lake
Forest,  IL)  announced that it had agreed to sell assets related to
its Starcraft and MonArk fishing boat brands to Starcraft Marine LLC
(New Paris, IN).  [Dow Jones News]
Mercury Warning for King Mackerel.   On  June  4, 1996, the State of
Florida issued a warning against consumption of king mackerel larger
than 39 inches from the Gulf of Mexico due  to  elevated  levels  of
mercury.  Consumption should be limited for king mackerel between 33
and  39  inches,  with  no  restrictions  on  smaller king mackerel.
[Assoc Press]
Southeast Sea Turtle Mortalities.  By mid-June 1996, the NC Wildlife
Resources Commission and NMFS had  counted 229 sea turtle strandings
along NC beaches, only  118  less  than  the  total  for  all  1995.
{Between Apr.  28 and June 15, 1996, a total of 102 turtles stranded
on  SC  beaches,  more  than  twice the number recorded for the same
period in 1995.} Primarily  {juvenile}  loggerhead turtles appear to
be suffering from an undetermined illness, appearing to  waste  away
with  flippers and shells decomposing while the turtles remain alive
less than  48  hours.   In  late  June,  1996,  NMFS imposed special
restrictions on shrimp trawlers along the Georgia coast for  30-days
(June  24  through  July 24, 1996) in response to high levels of sea
turtle stranding and mortality.  Shrimp trawlers are prohibited from
using soft turtle excluder devices  (TEDs)  and required to use hard
TEDs in large try nets.  {In late June 1996,  increased  numbers  of
dead  turtles  began  to wash ashore along the FL panhandle.} [Assoc
European Fishing  Fleet  Restructuring.   On  June  4,  1996, United
Kingdom officials announced that Britain would not  comply  with  EU
fleet  reduction  efforts  until  Spanish  and  Dutch  quota hopping
concerns were addressed.  At  a  June  10, 1996 EU Fisheries Council
meeting, British Fisheries Minister Tony Baldry called the  European
Commission  proposal  to  reduce  fishing  fleets  by as much as 40%
unacceptable until  the  concern  for  quota  hoppers  is addressed.
Currently Spanish vessels take 46% of the British hake quota,  while
Dutch  vessels  take  44%  of  Britain's  North  Sea  plaice  quota.
[Reuters, Agence Europe via Reuters, Financial Times via Greenwire]
Bluefin  Tuna  Oversight  Hearing.   On  June  13,  1996,  the House
Resources Subcommittee on  Fisheries,  Wildlife,  and Oceans held an
oversight hearing on management of bluefin tuna.  [Congr.  Record]
Japan Considers Fishery Trade-Environment Legislation.  On June  14,
1996,  the  proposed  legislation  that would impose restrictions on
tuna imports from  nations  who  fish Atlantic tuna indiscriminately
was  to  have  been  introduced  at  a  meeting  of  the  House   of
Representatives'  Committee on Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries.
This  measure  seeks  to  balance  trade  with  needed environmental
protection, with consideration for possible World Trade Organization
concerns.  In addition, the bill urges the  Japanese  Government  to
work  to  establish an international regime to manage tuna resources
worldwide.  [Dow Jones News]
Marine Fish Kills and  Red  Tide.   On  June  5,  1996, FL Dept.  of
Environmental Protection officials announced that  Apalachicola  Bay
was being closed to oyster harvesting due to red tide.  About 15% of
the total U.S.  oyster harvest comes from this area.  [Assoc Press]
Petition  to Close MA Striped Bass Fishery.  On June 6, 1996, the MA
Marine Fisheries Commission  and  the  Director  of  the Division of
Marine Fisheries rejected a Coastal Conservation Association  of  MA
petition  to  ban  the  commercial  harvest and sale of wild striped
bass.  [MA Division of Marine Fisheries press release]
Shark Evaluation  Workshop.   On  June  4-6,  1996, NMFS's Southeast
Fisheries Center was to have convened a scientific meeting to review
the status of coastal and pelagic shark resources along the Atlantic
coast.  The meeting will evaluate the likelihood of stock rebuilding
under current and alternative quota levels,  and  will  provide  the
scientific  basis  for  setting  1997  quotas and bag limits.  [NMFS
North Pacific Council.  In  June  1996,  the NPFMC will meet jointly
with the International Pacific Halibut Commission to discuss halibut
bycatch reduction.  [Canadian Dept.  of Fisheries and  Oceans  press
Salmon Along the Pacific Coast
{Mitchell  Act Hearing.  The House Resource Committee's Subcommittee
on Fisheries, Wildlife,  and  Oceans  has  indefinitely postponed an
oversight hearing on Mitchell Act hatcheries in the  Columbia  River
basin,  which  had  been  tentatively  scheduled for July 16, 1996.}
[personal communication]
Plum Creek Habitat Conservation  Plan.   On  June 27, 1996, the Plum
Creek Timber Co.  signed a 50-year habitat  conservation  plan  with
the  U.S.   Fish  and  Wildlife  Service  and  the  National  Marine
Fisheries  Service,  for  management  of  170,000 acres of timber in
Washington  State's  Cascade   Mountains.    In   exchange  for  new
management initiatives (e.g., large buffer areas along  streams  and
wetlands   protection),  Plum  Creek  will  be  able  to  log  areas
previously restricted for  endangered  species protection.  However,
environmental groups have voiced concerns  about  the  inability  to
respond  to changing conditions under this plan.  [Assoc Press, Plum
Creek Timber Co.  press release]
Salmon Price-Fixing Suit.  On  July  12, 1996, Alaska Superior Court
Judge John Reese has scheduled a hearing on whether to certify as  a
class action the $720 million lawsuit alleging 26 seafood processors
and  10 Japanese trading companies with conspiring since 1989 to fix
the price of Bristol Bay sockeye salmon.  [Assoc Press]
Nez Perce Logging OK.  On June 24, 1996, the 9th U.S.  Circuit Court
of Appeals unanimously  upheld  Dec.   1994  lower court ruling that
logging on three large U.S.  Forest Service timber sales in the Cove
and Mallard drainages in Idaho's Nez Perce National Forest would not
harm salmon, saying the Forest Service adequately  studied  possible
effects on Snake River chinook salmon.  [Assoc Press]
Klamath  Salmon  Case.   On  June  24, 1996, the U.S.  Supreme Court
upheld a lower  court  decision  that  offshore commercial and sport
salmon fishing had to be limited to protect the  fishing  rights  of
Yurok and Hoopa Valley Tribes to Klamath River salmon in California.
The  challenge  was  based  on the contention that the tribes lacked
fishing rights since  their  reservations  were created by executive
order, rather than by treaty.  [Assoc Press]
Supplementation  Hatchery  Groundbreaking.   On   June   19,   1996,
ground-breaking  ceremonies  were  held  for  the  first large-scale
supplementation hatchery for  spring  chinook  salmon  on the Yakima
River near Cle Elum,  WA.   Bonneville  Power  Administration  (BPA)
provided  $14  million  for  hatchery construction.  The hatchery is
expected to be operating by April  1997.  [Dow Jones News, BPA press
Sport Canning  of  Salmon.   In  mid-June  1996,  Alaska's  Attorney
General  issued  an  opinion  that  barter of sport-caught salmon is
illegal.   The  opinion  outlined  three  criteria  for  identifying
illegal barter,  which  can  occur  when  sport  fish  are canned by
non-professional processors.  [Assoc Press]
Outfitters' Appeal.  On  June  17,  1996,  four  Salmon  River,  ID,
outfitters  were  to  have  filed  an appeal of U.S.  Forest Service
restrictions limiting rafting on sections of the Salmon River during
salmon spawning season.  [Assoc Press]
Sacramento River Spring Chinook Lawsuit.  On June 17, 1996, CA State
Senator  Tom  Hayden  announced  that  he  had  joined  the  Natural
Resources Defense Council  and  Environmental Protection Information
Center in filing a lawsuit on June 12th in  San  Francisco  Superior
Court  seeking  a  court  order  to  compel  the  CA  Fish  and Game
Commission  to  begin  the  process  of  placing  the Sacramento/San
Joaquin River spring chinook  salmon  on  the  CA  state  endangered
species  list.   The  lawsuit  seeks a reduction in pumping of water
from the Sacramento-San Joaquin  Delta and other protective measures
during the time the  spring  chinook  are  migrating  through  these
waters.  [Assoc Press, Sacramento Bee via Greenwire]
Oregon  Budget  Cuts.   On  June  12,  1996, officials of the Oregon
Dept.of Fish and Wildlife announced a 4% budget cut in response to a
projected $6.8  million  shortfall  in  revenues,  primarily  due to
severely reduced salmon sport fishing license  revenues.   About  40
employees  will  be  released in addition to 11 OR State Police fish
and game officers.  [Assoc Press]
Salmon Recovery Plan Injunction.  On  June  12, 1996, a coalition of
10 fishing and environmental groups filed a motion  for  preliminary
injunction in U.S.  District Court, Portland, OR, accusing NMFS, the
Army Corps of Engineers, and the Bureau of Reclamation of failing to
implement   water   flow  guidelines  detailed  in  the  March  1994
biological opinion on  Snake  River  salmon.   In mid-June 1996, the
State of Oregon joined this  lawsuit  as  a  friend  of  the  court.
[Assoc Press]
Salmon and Steelhead Recovery Hearing.  On June 11, 1996, the Senate
Environment  and  Public  Works'  Subcommittee  on  Drinking  Water,
Fisheries,  and Wildlife held a hearing on implementation of Pacific
Northwest salmon and  recovery  measures,  including installation of
the surface collector at Lower Granite Dam.  [Congr.  Record,  Assoc
ESA  Salmon and Steelhead Listings.  On June 7, 1996, a coalition of
20  conservation  and  fishing  groups  filed  a  challenge  in U.S.
District Court in San Francisco to  NMFS's  court-ordered  timetable
for  listing  steelhead  trout  submitted  on May 28.  The coalition
seeks to minimize any further  delay  in listing.  On June 14, 1996,
NMFS announced the following schedule for ESA listing  decisions  on
additional  species: chum salmon (Feb.  1997), sockeye salmon (Sept.
1997),  chinook  salmon  (Dec.   1997),  and  cutthroat  trout (Jan.
1998).  On June 26, 1996, U.S.  District Judge  Susan  Illston  made
public an order, {in response to the June 7, 1996 lawsuit, that NMFS
decide  by  July  31,  1996,}  whether  it  will  list Pacific coast
steelhead  trout  under   the   Endangered  Species  Act.   [Seattle
Post-Intelligencer via Greenwire, Assoc Press]
Pacific Salmon Treaty.  On June 13, 1996, AK Dept.  of Fish and Game
announced that sport catch of chinook  salmon  in  southeast  Alaska
would  be reduced on June 15 to one fish 28 inches or longer per day
to better conserve chinook  salmon  spawning  in BC waters.  On June
20, 1996, Canadian DFO officials announced an estimated  BC  harvest
of  7.325 million salmon, with no fishing on the Fraser River except
for a possible October  chum  salmon  opening.  The anticipated 1996
harvest is about one-quarter of  the  average  annual  catch  of  27
million  salmon.  On June 24, 1996, the three U.S.  Commissioners to
the Pacific Salmon  Commission  representing  the  States of Alaska,
Washington and Oregon, and the Northwest Tribes signed a  multi-year
agreement  on  chinook  salmon  harvest  quotas  and  restoration of
damaged salmon habitat.   The  1996  Southeast  Alaska troll chinook
salmon catch will be set between 140,000 and 155,000 fish, excluding
Alaska hatchery production.  The 1995 limit was  230,000  fish,  but
the  fishery  was  halted  by  court  action  after a catch of about
175,000  chinook.   The  agreement  among  U.S.   parties  relies on
in-season salmon abundance (Alaska's method) rather  than  preseason
forecasts (the method used by Canada, Washington, and Oregon) as the
basis  for  determining harvest quotas, and will be reviewed in 2003
to determine if renegotiation is necessary.  Canadian officials have
requested that the 1996 Southeast  Alaska chinook harvest be limited
to 60,000 fish.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]
Largemouth  Bass  Culture.   On  June  19,  1996,  the   Aquaculture
Committee  of  the  Mississippi AgriBusiness Council met to consider
the merits of allowing the  commercial sale of largemouth black bass
produced by aquaculture operations.  [Assoc Press]
Catfish Loan Fraud.  In mid-June  1996,  a  federal  grand  jury  in
Oxford,  MS,  indicted  a farm loan bank and two of its officers for
allegedly  lying  to  the  Farmers  Home  Administration  to recover
proceeds from a $975,000 catfish grower loan.  [Assoc Press]
MN  Underwater  World  Opening.   On  June  14,  1996,  the   second
Underwater World aquarium in the United States will open at the Mall
of America in Bloomington, MN.  [Assoc Press]
First  Aquaculture  in  the  EEZ Approved.  On June 6, 1996, the New
England Fishery Management Council  voted  unanimously to approve an
alternate site location for the  Westport  Sea  Scallop  Project,  a
Saltonstall-Kennedy  Act  funded  project  of  the  MA  Institute of
Technology  Sea  Grant  Program  and  others,  to  accommodate  user
conflicts at the originally proposed site.  Final regulations on the
9 sq.   mile  site  in  the  offshore  exclusive  economic  zone are
anticipated to be published in the Federal Register  in  early  fall
1996.   The  approval  process for the project spanned more than two
years.  [personal communication]
end of Part 1

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