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Subject: Part 2-Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:[log in to unmask]
Date:Wed, 3 Jul 1996 17:22:58 GMT

text/plain (149 lines)

Date: Wed, 03 Jul 1996 11:44:26 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>
Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff -- Part 2
Taura Syndrome Virus  Strikes  SC  Shrimp.   In  early June 1996, SC
Natural Resources Dept.  officials projected that as much as half of
the commercial Pacific white shrimp crop reared in  four  SC  shrimp
farms  could  be  lost  to  an outbreak of the taura syndrome virus.
Under SC  state  regulations,  the  SC  Dept.   of Natural Resources
ordered all shrimp killed in ponds where the virus was detected.  On
June 14, 1996, a Charleston Co., SC, judge gave shrimp  farmers  two
weeks to gather information before they are required to follow state
regulations  and  kill  all  the  shrimp  in infected ponds.  [Assoc
Indiana Shrimp Farming.  On June  7, 1996, Penbur Farms Inc.  (Buda,
TX) broke ground in Jennings County, IN, for a new $7 million shrimp
farm facility.  The facility's goal is to produce 70,000  pounds  of
shrimp per month by the end of 1997.  [Assoc Press]
U.S.   Bluefin  Tuna  Farms.   On  June 10, 1996, local selectmen in
Provincetown, MA, voted unanimously  to  approve  a  plan by the New
England  Aquarium  for  a  short-term  bluefin  tuna  cage   culture
experiment off Long Point, Cape Cod, MA.  [Assoc Press]
Freshwater Fisheries
{Cochetopa  Fish Kill.  On June 27, 1996, a tanker truck crashed and
spilled between 5,000 and  7,500  gallons of liquid ammonium nitrate
fertilizer into Cochetopa Creek southwest of Gunnison,  CO,  killing
thousands of brown and rainbow trout.} [Assoc Press]
{Nonindigenous  Species  Hearing.   On  July  11,  1996,  the  House
Resource Committee's Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans
has  tentatively  scheduled  an  oversight  hearing on nonindigenous
species concerns.} [personal communication]
{Lake Erie  Commercial  Fishing.   On  July  1,  1996,  the 6th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a Sept.  1994 lower  court  decision
and  ruled  that  Ohio's  restrictions on commercial fishing in Lake
Erie  are   valid.    Commercial   fishers   had  challenged  Ohio's
regulations as too restrictive and favoring sport  anglers.}  [Assoc
{Bull Trout.  On July 1, 1996, Idaho Governor Phil Batt released his
administration's   recovery   plan   for  bull  trout,  focusing  on
development of separate recovery plans for each of 59 key watersheds
by watershed advisory groups assisted by technical advisory teams by
the end of 1998.} [Assoc Press]
Fisheries  Communication  Conference.   On  June  27-29,  1996,  the
American Fisheries Society held a  conference in Bozeman, MT, on how
fisheries professionals might improve communication with the public.
[Assoc Press]
San Juan River Lawsuit.  On June 27, 1996, the attorney for the  San
Juan  Fly  Fishing  Federation was planning to file a motion in U.S.
District  Court  (Albuquerque,  NM)  requesting  that  their lawsuit
against the U.S.  Bureau of Reclamation be  reopened.   The  lawsuit
contends  the Bureau is not complying with environmental regulations
in water tests at  Navajo  Reservoir  and  that a planned four-month
test beginning in November 1996  could  harm  trout  populations  in
waters  below  the  reservoir.  The Federation had agreed to dismiss
the lawsuit  in  return  for  information  from  a  two-week test in
January.  The agreement also provided  that  the  lawsuit  could  be
reopened by July 15, 1996.  [Assoc Press]
Loans of Sport Fishing Gear.  In early June 1996, the Houston County
(GA)  Public  Library  System began a program allowing adult library
card-holders to check out  donated  sport  fishing equipment -- rod,
reel, hooks, line, sinker, and  bobber  --  for  two  week  periods.
[Assoc Press]
Great  Lakes  Tribal  Fishing.   On June 19, 1996, state and federal
officials  failed  to  reach   agreement   with  tribal  leaders  on
designating areas of Lake  Michigan  and  Lake  Huron  where  tribal
members  can  fish for salmon.  The issue will now likely be decided
by a ruling  from  the  U.S.   District  Court  of Western Michigan.
[Assoc Press]
Clyde  River  Dam  Removal.   On  June  19,  1996,  Federal   Energy
Regulatory  Commission  (FERC)  staff released a draft environmental
impact  statement  indicating  FERC   would  likely  order  Citizens
Utilities Co.  to remove what remains of the Newport 11 dam  on  the
Clyde  River,  VT.   The dam limited habitat for Atlantic salmon and
was heavily damaged by floodwaters  in 1994.  If removal is ordered,
this would be the first time  FERC  has  ordered  removal  during  a
relicensing review.  FERC could issue a final ruling within a month.
[Assoc Press]
Town Clerk Protest.  In mid-June 1996, the MA Town Clerk Association
voted  to  suspend  fishing  license  sales after July 1, 1996, in a
dispute with the  MA  Division  of  Fisheries  and Wildlife over the
local share of license revenues.  [Assoc Press]
Gila Trout.  On June 13, 1996, Gila National Forest  (NM)  officials
captured  30 endangered Gila trout from the portion of Sacaton Creek
choked with ash from a forest fire for holding at the Mescalero fish
hatchery as a precaution.  {In late June 1996, the Grant County (NM)
Commission voted to permit the U.S.  Forest Service to use antimycin
to kill non-native fish  (primarily  brown  and  rainbow trout) in 4
miles  of   Mogollon   Creek   to   increase   the   likelihood   of
re-establishing endangered Gila trout.} [Assoc Press]
Fish   Consumption   Advisories.    On   June  11,  1996,  the  U.S.
Environmental  Protection  Agency  released  an  assessment  of fish
consumption advisories for 45 chemical contaminants, noting that the
number of such advisories increased by  14%  in  1995  with  mercury
(1,308  advisories)  and  PCB being most numerous.  A total of 1,740
waterbodies were covered by advisories  in  47 States were in effect
in 1995, covering 15% of the nation's lake acreage and 4%  of  total
river  miles.   Better  state monitoring is thought to have produced
the large increase in advisories  between 1994 and 1995.  [EPA press
release, Washington Post]
Edwards Aquifer.  On June 10, 1996, the Sierra Club  filed  suit  in
U.S.   District  Court  (Midland,  TX)  seeking  emergency limits on
pumping from the Edwards  Aquifer,  TX, to better protect endangered
fish and amphibians during ongoing drought conditions.  [Greenwire]
Alaska Subsistence Fishing.  On June 10,  1996,  the  U.S.   Supreme
Court  declined to review a 1995 Alaska Supreme Court ruling, in the
case of Totemoff v. Alaska, that  the State of Alaska has regulatory
authority over subsistence hunting and fishing on navigable  waters.
[Assoc Press]
Sport  Fishing  and  Crown  Grants.   On  June 4, 1996, the Virginia
Supreme Court heard arguments  in  a  case  where  a lower court had
barred a sport fishing guide from a section of  the  Jackson  River,
where  centuries-old  crown  grants  from  the  King  of England are
alleged to have given landowners  full control of property including
waters.  Lawyers argued that  permissible  navigation  is  different
from fishing, since fishing "takes" property (fish).  [Assoc Press]
National  Fishing  Week.   In conjunction with National Fishing Week
(June 3-9,  1996),  various  jurisdictions  announced "free fishing"
events.  For example, Wisconsin residents fished without licenses or
permits the weekend of June 1-2, while Florida, West  Virginia,  and
Michigan  residents  fished  free  in freshwater lakes and rivers on
June 8-9.  [Assoc Press, FL Game & Fresh Water Fish Commission press
Items in this summary  are  excerpted  from a variety of information
sources.   The  Congressional  Research   Service   (CRS)   is   not
responsible for the accuracy of the various news items.
end of Part 2.

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