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Subject: Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:[log in to unmask]
Date:Fri, 26 Jul 1996 18:23:09 GMT
Content-Type:text/plain
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text/plain (229 lines)


Date: Fri, 26 Jul 1996 11:07:50 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>
 
7/26/96 -- Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff
 
Fisheries Groups:
 
I'm appending part of a  regular  update I prepare for congressional
staff on fisheries and marine mammal public policy issues as  I  see
them  .   In  deference  to those who have to pay for communications
time, I am including only new items added since my last posting, and
a shortened introduction.  I  will  post  the entire summary and the
longer introduction on the first Friday of the month.
 
NOTE:  Archived  copies  of  "first  Friday"  longer  summaries  for
February 1994 through the present are now available at:
 
             "http://www.lsu.edu/guests/sglegal/public_html"
 
                                Gene Buck, Senior Analyst
                                Congressional Research Service
                                e-mail:  <[log in to unmask]>
 
Summary follows:
 
Marine Fisheries
 
{CDC Raw Shellfish Concerns.  On July  25,  1996,  the  Centers  for
Disease  Control  expressed renewed concerns that people at risk may
not be seeing or  hearing  warnings  about raw shellfish after three
Spanish-speaking Californians  died  following  consumption  of  raw
oysters from the Gulf of Mexico.} [Assoc Press]
 
{FSM-Korea  Tuna  Agreement.  In mid-July 1996, the Federated States
of Micronesia (FSM)  and  the  Korean  Deep  Sea Fishing Association
concluded an agreement  that  would  allow  29  South  Korean  purse
seiners  to  catch yellowfin, skipjack, albacore, and other tunas in
FSM waters.} [Assoc Press]
 
{Alaska-Taiwan Seafood  Venture.   On  July  22,  1996,  a  group of
Taiwanese businessmen representing Central  Investment  Holding  Co.
of Taiwan met with Alaska State officials to discuss a joint venture
to  develop a $120 million Alaska Seafood Center, to process Alaskan
fish for sale primarily to  Taiwan.   The Center would be located in
Anchorage.} [Assoc Press]
 
{Mexican  Sea  Turtle  Sanctuaries.   In  mid-July   1996,   Mexican
officials  announced  the  establishment  of  12 new protected beach
nesting areas for sea  turtles  along  Mexico's Pacific coast in the
state of Michoacan.} [Assoc Press]
 
{Sport Fishing Protest.  In late July 1996, representatives from the
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)  plan  to  attend
the  International  Grand  Isle Tarpon Rodeo in Louisiana to promote
their anti-fishing "Save our Schools Campaign."} [Assoc Press]
 
{IFQ Legal  Challenge.   On  July  24,  1996,  an  attorney  for the
Alliance Against IFQs announced that the Alliance had asked the  9th
Circuit  Court  of  Appeals  to  reconsider  their  May  1996 ruling
upholding  an  earlier  District  Court  decision  that  the federal
individual fishing quota (IFQ)  system  for  blackcod/sablefish  and
halibut in the North Pacific should not be halted.} [Assoc Press]
 
{Native  American  Shellfish  Harvesting.   In  late  July 1996, the
Tulalip Tribe announced plans, within  the  next two weeks, to start
digging clams on private beaches on Hat Island,  off  Everett,  WA.}
[Assoc Press]
 
{EU  Fishing  Fleet  Restructuring.  On July 19, 1996, British Prime
Minister John Major announced and, on July 22, 1996, Britain began a
diplomatic initiative to reform  the  EU Common Fisheries Policy and
counter what Britain  believes  to  be  unfair  competition  through
"quota  hopping"  from other EU member nations.  Britain submitted a
Memorandum containing proposals for a protocol to the Treaty of Rome
to deal with concerns for the EU's Common Fisheries Policy at the EU
Intergovernmental Conference.} [Reuters]
 
{Chesapeake Bay.  In mid-July 1996, Maryland crab industry personnel
reported that so few blue crabs  were  being caught that only one of
four crab picking companies were operating  in  the  Crisfield,  MD,
area.} [Assoc Press]
 
{NASA  Fisheries  Study.  On July 22, 1996, the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration (NASA)  announced  it  will  fund half of a
$2.4 million, 3-year study to predict oceanic conditions and changes
important to fishermen off  the  northeastern  United  States.   The
study  will  be coordinated by the Univ.  of MA-Dartmouth Center for
Marine Science and  Technology  with  assistance  from Harvard Univ.
and Physical Science, Inc., Andover, MA.} [Assoc Press]
 
{Illegal Cannery Paycheck Deductions.  In mid-July 1996, the  Oregon
Bureau of Labor & Industries fined a temporary employment agency for
alleged excessive deductions from seafood cannery workers' paychecks
for  supplies  and equipment.  Oregon law prohibits deductions which
cause paychecks to fall below minimum wage.} [Assoc Press]
 
Illegal High Seas Driftnet.  {On  July  18, 1996, a second Taiwanese
patrol vessel met the Chang Fu 31 about 420 miles off  the  Japanese
coast,  and the U.S.  Coast Guard cutter Boutwell departed to return
to U.S.  waters.  On July 25, 1996, the captain of the Charngder No.
2 (previously referred to erroneously  as  the Chang Fu 31) admitted
to a Taiwanese prosecutor that he had  fished  for  salmon  with  an
illegal  driftnet  following  orders  from the vessel's owner.  Crew
members reported that 6 tons  of  salmon were sold to another vessel
on June 26 and about 60 tons  of  salmon  were  discarded  overboard
after the U.S.  Coast Guard spotted the vessel.} [Assoc Press]
 
New  England  Groundfish.   {On July 23, 1996, the U.S.  Coast Guard
seized the catch (valued at $22,185) of a U.S.  scallop vessel found
inside a closed groundfish spawning  area 30 miles east of Nantucket
Island.  On  Aug.   1,  1996,  the  House  Committee  on  Resources'
Subcommittee  on  Fisheries,  Wildlife,  and  Oceans has tentatively
scheduled an oversight hearing on  the economic effects of Amendment
7 to the New England  groundfish  management  plan.}  [Assoc  Press,
personal communication]
 
Italian  Driftnets.  {On July 25, 1996, Italy's Agriculture Minister
reported that  agreement  had  been  reached  to  compensate Italian
fishermen who ceased using illegal driftnets.  Together, the EU  and
the  Italian  government  have allocated $230 million to retrain and
purchase  new  equipment  for  3,500  fishermen  over  a  three-year
period.} [Reuters]
 
Salmon Along the Pacific Coast
 
{Steelhead ESA Listing.  On July 25, 1996, Secretary of the Interior
Babbitt announced that on July  30, 1996 the federal government will
recommend that several west coast  steelhead  trout  populations  be
added   to   the  Endangered  Species  List,  decisions  on  several
additional populations will be deferred,  and listing will be denied
to several populations.  A total of 15 populations were studied  for
possible protection.} [Assoc Press]
 
{USDA  Salmon Purchases.  On July 25, 1996, the Administrator of the
U.S.   Dept.   of   Agriculture's   Agricultural  Marketing  Service
announced that USDA would purchase as much as $14  million  in  pink
salmon products from the 1995 and 1996 harvests for school lunch and
other  feeding  programs.  $10 million will be spent for canned pink
salmon with as much as $4  million  for pink salmon nuggets and pink
salmon in 4-pound pouches.  Bids for  purchase  would  be  solicited
from salmon processors beginning Aug.  12, 1996.} [Assoc Press]
 
{Salmon Recovery Plan Injunction.  On July 23, 1996, representatives
of  the  Sierra  Club  Legal  Defense  Fund announced that a limited
agreement had been  negotiated  with  the  Clinton Administration to
spill more water for salmon at Snake and Columbia  River  dams  this
summer.   As a result of the agreement, the June 12, 1996 request by
10 environmental groups for  a  preliminary injunction was dropped.}
[Assoc Press]
 
{Bristol  Bay  Salmon  Price-Fixing  Suit.   On  July  23,  1996,  a
plaintiffs' motion was filed in Alaska Superior Court  asking  Judge
Larry  to  approve  settlements  in  part  of  this  case  with nine
defendants totalling an  estimated  $425,000,  on the condition that
the pending lawsuit is certified as a class action.  Plaintiffs  had
filed  a  $720  million lawsuit alleging price-fixing by Bristol Bay
sockeye  salmon  processors   and   several  major  Japanese  firms.
Additional settlements are anticipated.} [Assoc Press]
 
British Columbia Salmon Fleet Restructuring.   {On  July  15,  1996,
Canada's  Dept.   of  Fisheries  and  Oceans  signed a Memorandum of
Understanding with the  British  Columbia  government recognizing an
agreement to review their respective roles and  responsibilities  in
managing the Pacific salmon fishery.  This review is to be concluded
by February 1997.} [personal communication]
 
Record  Alaska  Chum  Salmon Catch.  {In mid-July 1996, at least one
southeast Alaska  hatchery  began  controversial  roe-stripping chum
salmon, taking eggs but dumping about 500,000 salmon carcasses.  The
price of chum salmon has fallen to as low as $.05 per pound and  all
the excess fish cannot be given away.  Other hatcheries have applied
to the State of Alaska for dumping permits.} [Assoc Press]
 
Pacific  Salmon  Treaty.   {On July 19, 1996, the WA State Dept.  of
Fish and Wildlife along with  federal and tribal officials concluded
successful negotiations with Canada  for  a  one-year  agreement  on
catch   levels   for   Washington-bound   coho  salmon  and  British
Columbia-bound sockeye salmon,  permitting  a  catch  of 75,000 coho
salmon along the  Washington  coast.   Canada  agree  to  limit  its
commercial  harvest of coho salmon along the west coast of Vancouver
Island to 1 million fish,  while Washington agreed to a conservative
plan for Treaty tribe harvest of 30,000 to 50,000 summer-run sockeye
salmon bound for BC's Fraser River.  Based on  pre-season  forecasts
and  escapement  objectives,  no  non-tribal  commercial fishery for
Fraser River sockeye salmon  will  be  permitted.  If actual returns
are larger than anticipated,  the  U.S.   share  of  any  commercial
harvest will be 16.1%.} [Assoc Press, Reuters, WA Dept.  of Fish and
Wildlife  press  release, personal communication, Canadian Dept.  of
Fisheries and Oceans press release]
 
Freshwater Fisheries
 
{Operation Bass Sale.  On July 24, 1996, an executive of the holding
company,  Bass  Acquisition,  Inc.,  announced  the  acquisition  of
Operation  Bass  (Gilbertsville,  KY),  the  nation's  largest  bass
fishing tournament organization  with  140  annual events across the
United States.} [Operation Bass press release]
 
{Great Lakes Ballast Water.  On July  23,  1996,  the  Governors  of
Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin jointly announced a $1 million
project  to  install  and  test  new filtration technology to remove
unwanted organisms from  the  ballast  water  of bulk carrier ships.
Funds for this project are provided by the  Great  Lakes  Protection
Fund,  created  by  the  regional  governors  through an endowment.}
[Greenwire, Assoc Press]
 
{Clyde River Dam  Removal.   On  July  25,  1996, Citizens Utilities
officials, conservation group representatives, VT  state  officials,
and  federal  regulators  met  to  finalize details for removing the
breached Newport  11  hydroelectric  dam  on  the  Clyde  River near
Newport, VT, by Oct.  1, 1996, before the fall salmon  spawning  run
begins.   Dam  removal is anticipated to restore about one-half mile
of  landlocked  salmon   spawning   habitat.    The  Federal  Energy
Regulatory Commission had recommended in June 1996  that  the  Clyde
River dam should be removed.} [Assoc Press]
 
{Alaska Subsistence Fishery Management.  In late June 1996, the U.S.
Dept.   of  the  Interior issued a report "Implications of a Federal
Management  of  Subsistence  Fisheries  in  Alaska"  estimating that
assumption of management of Alaska fisheries for  subsistence  would
cost  the  federal  government $31 million without state assistance,
excluding $1 billion to replace  state equipment necessary to manage
these fisheries.} [Assoc Press]
 
Items in this summary are excerpted from a  variety  of  information
sources.    The   Congressional   Research   Service  (CRS)  is  not
responsible for the accuracy of the various news items.
....
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