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Subject:

Part 2-Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff

From:

Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 6 Sep 1996 21:35:35 GMT

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (1 lines)


Date: Fri, 06 Sep 1996 14:31:51 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>

Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff -- Part 2


Pacific Salmon Treaty. On Aug. 1, 1996, Alaska Dept. of Fish and
Game officials announced revised catch statistics of 74,000 chinook
salmon for early July 10-day southeast Alaska commercial troll
salmon fishery. On Aug. 7, 1996, the Pacific Salmon Commission
decided sockeye salmon returns to the Fraser River were of
sufficient strength and allowed a limited commercial harvest.
However, Greenpeace demonstrators disrupted the gillnet fishery,
arguing that the Canadian government was underestimating the
required adult salmon escapement. An initial 48-hour Fraser River
commercial sockeye harvest was estimated to have taken 160,000 fish.
On Aug. 12, 1996, Alaskan officials were reported to have
calculated the total 1996 sport/commercial troll salmon chinook
harvest as 126,000 fish since Jan. 1, 1996, with an additional
20,000 chinook having been taken by seiners. On Aug. 14, 1996, the
United States failed to designate a representative for the Technical
Dispute Settlement Board requested by Canada on the 1996 Alaska
chinook quota. In mid-August 1996, Alaska Dept. of Fish and Game
officials announced that the southeast Alaska commercial chinook
salmon troll fishery would open for two days beginning Aug. 19,
allowing 7,000 more fish to be harvested. On Aug. 19, 1996,
Pacific Salmon Commission officials announced that, based on current
adult escapement counts, no further Canadian commercial fishery for
Fraser River sockeye will be scheduled. Canadian commercial
fishermen took their allowable catch of 1 million sockeye during two
openings, while U.S. fishermen are close to catching their 300,000
fish quota. Total sockeye return to the Fraser River is now
estimated at 4.4 million fish. On Aug. 21 and 23, 1996, British
Columbia commercial fishermen in 25 fishing vessels staged protest
salmon fisheries to contest native-only fishing for Fraser River
salmon. In late August 1996, the Governors of Alaska, Washington,
and Oregon wrote a letter to the Pacific Salmon Commission proposing
that salmon allocations be discussed on a regional, rather than
area-wide, basis in an effort to stimulate productive negotiations.
On Aug. 28, 1996, Alaska Governor Tony Knowles met with White House
Chief of Staff Leon Panetta to request administration assistance to
renew efforts to negotiate a resolution with Canada on salmon. {In
early September 1996, Alaska Dept. of Fish and Game biologists
reported the Yukon River fall chum salmon run appeared to be about
200,000 fish larger than anticipated and that all escapement
obligations to Canada had been met.} [Assoc Press, Reuters, WA Dept.
of Fish and Wildlife press release, personal communication, Canadian
Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans press release]

Aquaculture

{Taura Syndrome Virus. On Sept. 5, 1996, TX Parks and Wildlife
Dept. officials and shrimp farmers announced that the Taura
syndrome virus was detected in August 1996 at six coastal shrimp
hatcheries from the Rio Grande Valley north to Matagorda Bay,
although this outbreak appears not to be as widespread nor as
virulent as last year's. Shrimp farmers have been asked to harvest
infected shrimp and hold pond water for at least 10 days before
discharge to minimize any potential threat to wild shrimp.} [Assoc
Press]

{Florida Aquarium Financial Losses. On Sept. 3, 1996, the Florida
Aquarium (Tampa) released financial statements indicating that it
lost $2.3 million for the quarter ending July 31, 1996 -- a loss of
about twice the rate of 1995. Attendance declined 40% from this
quarter last year, while donations are only a third of that received
for same period in 1995.} [Assoc Press]

{Atlantic Salmon Dumping. On Sept. 2, 1996, the European
Commission announced that it had decided to begin separate
anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigations of farmed Atlantic
salmon from Norway, in response to July 1996 complaints by the
Scottish Salmon Growers' Assoc. and the Shetland Salmon Farmers'
Assoc.} [Reuters]

Tilapia Pathogen. The Aug. 23, 1996 issue of Science reported that
a bacterium, Streptococcus iniae, causing human meningitis has been
transmitted from Tilapia to humans. Transmission was believed to be
through injuries received while cleaning fish. Six individuals in
Ontario were affected -- one with meningitis and transient arthritis
and the other five with skin or blood infections. [Science]

Diseased Fish Destroyed. On Aug. 19, 1996, Michigan Dept. of
Natural Resources officials announced that 245,000 Kamloops rainbow
trout, obtained from a Montana hatchery as eggs, would be destroyed
after learning that federal officials had detected parasites in fish
at the Montana hatchery that were not present in the Great Lakes
basin. [Assoc Press]

Northeast Aquaculture Report. In early August 1996, the Univ. of
Rhode Island's Cooperative Extension Service released a survey of
152 commercial aquaculture operations in the northeastern U.S.,
estimating 1995 production at $162.4 million. The largest industry
segment was the Maine-based pen-reared salmonid operations, with an
estimated 1995 product value of $53.4 million. The oyster industry
was second with a value of $49.8 million. [personal communication]

Amazon Turtle Farming. On Aug. 8, 1996, officials of Brazil's
Environment Institute announced that two popular Amazonian turtle
species would be removed from endangered status, allowing their
farming and trading. Regulations on farming and trade are scheduled
to be issued in late August 1996. The remaining 11 species of
Amazon turtles will remain protected as endangered. The Brazilian
government anticipates capturing 10% of the annual turtle hatch,
which will be provided to established turtle farms. Farmed turtles
may be sold to licensed restaurants. [Reuters]

Freshwater Fisheries

{Umpqua River Cutthroat Trout. On Sept. 8, 1996, a federal ban on
all fishing in the Umpqua River Basin, OR, will be implemented to
protect endangered cutthroat trout. OR fishery managers have
requested that NMFS issue a special incidental take permit to allow
limited fishing to continue, but a public comment period on the
permit application does not end until Sept. 6.} [Assoc Press]

{Chernobyl Carp Appear Undamaged. On Sept. 2, 1996, Univ. of
Georgia researchers announced that results of studies on carp in
ponds near the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site will be published in
the October 1996 issue of Eco-Toxicology, showing no evidence in
genetic damage resulting in changes in appearance. However, blood
analysis gave evidence of aneuploidy -- extra DNA not contributing
to the genetic character of the fish.} [London Telegraph via
Greenwire]

{Kolob Reservoir Fish Kill. On Sept. 1, 1996, the Utah Div. of
Wildlife Resources reported that more than 4,000 cutthroat trout had
died in Kolob Reservoir, UT, this summer after the water level was
lowered to within 4 feet of a 5-foot silt layer on the reservoir
bottom to permit work on the dam.} [Assoc Press]

{Clyde River Dam Removal. On Aug. 28, 1996, Citizens Utilities
workers began three days of blasting on the Newport 11 diversion dam
and adjoining buttress wall, on the Clyde River in Vermont. The dam
is to be totally removed and stream flow restored by Oct. 1 in time
for Atlantic salmon spawning.} [Assoc Press]

Lake Pend Oreille Level. On Aug. 20, 1996, the Army Corps of
Engineers announced that it would keep the level of Lake Pend
Oreille, ID, four feet higher than normal to improve kokanee
spawning and survival during a 3-year test. [Assoc Press]

Native Fishing in Lake Michigan. On Aug. 16, 1996, U.S. District
Judge Richard Enslen ruled that the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa
and Chippewa Indians may license one fisher to take salmon
commercially in Grand Traverse Bay, Lake Michigan, waters. This
agreement is only for a specific limited area of the Bay and only
for Aug. 1 through Oct. 15, 1996; the tribes and state/federal
government officials were directed to work out an agreement for
fishing after 1996. [Assoc Press]

Bring Back the Natives. On Aug. 20, 1996, the National Fish and
Wildlife Foundation, in cooperation with the U.S. Forest Service,
Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, and Trout
Unlimited, announced 26 projects nationwide to restore native fish
species on public lands by restoring watersheds as part of the
"Bring Back the Natives" program. [Assoc Press]

Artificial Lake. On Aug. 15, 1996, a 150-acre artificially
constructed lake was dedicated and wells began pumping to fill the
waterbody near Kennett, MO. The entire lake was constructed above
grade with no excavation, and will be stocked for fishing. [Assoc
Press]

Boeuf River Fish Kill. On Aug. 12, 1996, the Louisiana Dept. of
Agriculture and Forestry released test results indicating
significant levels of the pesticide Curecron in fish and water
samples taken from the Boeuf River after about 200,000 fish were
killed in the Boeuf River and at nine other sites in northeastern LA
in early August 1996. Curecron is sprayed on cotton crops to
control boll weevils -- extensive storms may have washed the
pesticide into steams and rivers. [Assoc Press]

Mercury Contamination. On Aug. 12, 1996, Louisiana State public
health officials issued a warning for pregnant or nursing women and
children under 7 years of age to avoid or limit consumption of
bowfin and bass caught in the Bogue Chitto River. Bass and bowfin
had been found to exceed the state 0.5 ppm and the federal 1 ppm
standards for mercury. [Assoc Press]

Edwards Aquifer. On Aug. 8, 1996, TX State Rep. John Shields
filed court documents opposing a Sierra Club lawsuit filed in June
1996 in U.S. District Court seeking to limit pumping by San
Antonio, small towns, businesses, and military bases from the
Edwards Aquifer to protect five fish and salamander species listed
under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA). Opponents to the
Sierra Club lawsuit allege the ESA is unconstitutional in the
Edwards Aquifer case. On Aug. 19, 1996, U.S. District Judge
Lucius Bunton ordered the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, by Nov. 1,
1996, to review the impact of crop subsidies on endangered species
dependent upon the Edwards Aquifer. On Aug. 21, 1996, Judge Bunton
denied TX Rep. Shields request to intervene in another Sierra Club
suit, rejecting the argument that the ESA is unconstitutional.
[Greenwire]

Canadian Sea Lamprey Funding Restored. On Aug. 7, 1996, Canada's
Minister of Fisheries Fred Mifflin announced that Canada will
provide C$5.145 million for the Great Lakes Sea Lamprey Control
Program for the 1996-97 and 1997-98 fiscal years. This Program is
conducted by the U.S.-Canada Great Lakes Fishery Commission.
[Canadian govt. press release]

Tui Chub in Diamond Lake. On Sept. 20-21, 1996, the Oregon Fish
and Wildlife Commission will meet to consider alternatives for
eradicating introduced tui chub in Diamond Lake. Costs may exceed
$1 million if rotenone is used and an environmental impact statement
is required. [Assoc Press]

Chippewa Bands Fishing Rights. On Aug. 16, 1996, seven Chippewa
Bands filed a motion for a preliminary injunction providing for the
exercise of fishing rights on east-central Minnesota waters while
waiting for the case to be tried. A hearing on the motion is
scheduled for Oct. 18, 1996. [Assoc Press]

Items in this summary are excerpted from a variety of information
sources. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is not
responsible for the accuracy of the various news items.
....
end Part 2
eof


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