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Part 1-Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff


Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>


Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>


Fri, 6 Sep 1996 21:30:32 GMT





text/plain (1 lines)

Date: Fri, 06 Sep 1996 14:30:37 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>

Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff -- Part 1

Fisheries Groups:

I'm appending part of a regular update I prepare for congressional
staff on fisheries and marine mammal public policy issues as I see
them -- a selection of issues which I view as having potential
public policy implications for the U.S. Congress. My role is to
provide objective, non-partisan, unbiased public policy analysis for
Congress. Thus, it is useful weekly to pass this summary by those
subscribing to this list to solicit input about areas where my
objectivity could be improved, where someone's bias shows through
and should be adjusted, and where there are simply other issues of
which I am unaware. Anyway, what follows is today's summary.
Generally I add new items every morning, and remove items after they
have been on the summary for about a month. Items in the summary
are modified as I receive new information.

In deference to those who have to pay for communications time, I
post the entire summary once each month on the first Friday of the
month, for those who do not monitor the group each week or wish the
more complete format. This is longer the first Friday posting for
September 1996.

NOTE: Archived copies of "first Friday" longer summaries for
February 1994 through the present are now available at:


I would appreciate your feedback on this summary. Comments should
be directed to me ([log in to unmask]). I will post this summary
each Friday on this list as long as I continue to receive helpful
feedback on issues.

To further assist me in providing a broad scope of information
resources to Congress, I would appreciate being added to any mailing
lists of publications, news releases, newsletters, etc. relevant to
marine mammals and fisheries. Where there is a subscription cost, a
sample copy would provide a basis for deciding whether or not a
subscription could be justified. Thanks for your assistance in this

                                Gene Buck
                                Congressional Research Service - ENR
                                Library of Congress
                                Washington, DC 20540-7450
                                e-mail: [log in to unmask]

Summary follows:

        New info and changes since 08/29/96 are bracketed {...}.

Marine Fisheries

Chesapeake Bay. On Sept. 24, 1996, the Virginia Marine Resources
Commission will hold a public hearing on oyster regulations for the
1996-97 season. The Commission has proposed very restrictive
seasons and area openings after the 1995-96 harvest decline to only
about 2% of that of a decade ago. {On Sept. 5, 1996, MD governor
Parris Glendening announced a 35-year plan involving seven potential
silt dump sites including four possible sites for artificial island
construction in Chesapeake Bay. Dump sites are needed for material
dredged to maintain shipping channels and are supported by watermen
and the seafood industry in light of Gov. Glendening's commitment
to spend as much as $18.5 million to rebuild MD oyster stocks.}
[Assoc Press]

{Fisheries Oversight Hearing. On Sept. 12, 1996, the House
Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans has tentatively
scheduled an oversight hearing on implementation of provisions of
the Fisheries Act of 1995 (P.L. 104-43).} [personal communication]

Florida Net Ban. On Sept. 10, 1996, FL Governor Lawton Chiles'
Cabinet is scheduled to consider new mullet gear rules proposed by
the FL Marine Fisheries Commission, which would allow a vessel to
fish two nets as long as each does not exceed to 500 sq. foot
limitation. [Assoc Press]

{Japanese Coral Reef Park. On Sept. 4, 1996, the chief of Japan's
Environment Agency announced plans to designate the Shiraho coral
reefs off the island of Ishigaki (Okinawa prefecture) as part of
Iriomote National Park.} [Dow Jones News]

{Fatal Crab Pinch. In Aug. 28, 1996, a South Alabama resident died
of a Vibrio vulnificus infection two days after being pinched by a
blue crab she was preparing for dinner. Of 141 cases of Vibrio
vulnificus infection from seafood reported by the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention since 1988, only 5 were not
associated with eating raw oysters.} [Assoc Press]

Fishking Processors Inc. Acquisition. On Aug. 28, 1996, Fishking
Processors Inc. (Los Angeles, CA) announced that it had been
acquired by Nippon Suisan (U.S.A.), a subsidiary of Nippon Suisan
Kaisha Ltd., Tokyo. Fishking markets frozen breaded specialty
seafood products under the "Mrs. Friday's" brand name to the food
service industry. Fishking also owns QF Inc. of Bayou La Batre,
AL. [Fishking Processors Inc. press release, Dow Jones News]

Alternative Tuna Fishery. In late August 1996, the MA Institute of
Technology's Sea Grant Program (Center for Fisheries Engineering)
reported experimental fishing research indicating that midwater pair
trawling appears to be highly efficient, resource-sparing, and
protective of marine mammals for catching bigeye, yellowfin, and
albacore tuna in the northwest Atlantic. Although NMFS currently
only permits longlining and gillnetting for commercial tuna fishing
in the Atlantic, NMFS observers will provide data on midwater pair
trawling trials for determining whether NMFS might approve this
alternative harvesting method. [MIT Sea Grant Program news release]

Japanese Vessel Seized. On Aug. 22, 1996, Irish fisheries
enforcement vessels seized one Japanese vessel and escorted it to
port while a second Japanese vessel was to be boarded and inspected.
The seized Japanese vessel was allegedly detained inside Ireland's
200-mile limit with longline fishing gear in the water and 8 tons of
tuna in the hold. [Reuters]

CDQ Lawsuit. On Aug. 21, 1996, Washington State's Fish and
Wildlife Commission filed suit in U.S. District Court against
Secretary of Commerce Kantor seeking to halt the granting of
additional community development quotas (CDQs) to western Alaska
Native villages. Present CDQs allocate pollock, halibut, and
sablefish, with the proposed enlarged CDQ program also to allocate
Pacific cod, yellowfin sole, rock sole, and Atka mackerel as well as
king, bairdi, and opilio crabs. Washington alleges the additional
CDQs will unfairly reduce the possible harvest of Washington fishers
in the Bering Sea and are a form of individual quotas for which new
program implementation was prohibited during FY1996 by federal
legislation. [Assoc Press]

New Jersey Clamming. On Aug. 19, 1996, the NJ Environmental
Commissioner held a ceremony to celebrate the opening of
unrestricted clamming in the waters of the lower Navesink River this
winter after being closed for more than 25 years due to pollution.
[Newark Star-Ledger via Greenwire]

Bluefin Tuna. On Aug. 15, 1996, NMFS announced that the
recreational fishery for school Atlantic bluefin tuna (27 inches to
less than 47 inches) in waters from New Jersey northward would close
late on Aug. 17, 1996. Angling for other size bluefin had closed
on July 31, 1996. Much of the 1996 quota had been taken early in
the year by sport anglers fishing off North Carolina. On Aug. 20,
1996, NMFS announced denial of the March 1996 MA Audubon Society
petition to eliminate the fishery for small Atlantic bluefin tuna
(ABT). NMFS denied the petition on the basis of the importance of
the small ABT fishery for collection of stock assessment data and
the socio-economic importance of this fishery to coastal communities
and sport anglers. On Aug. 23, 1996, NMFS proposed short-term
modifications in management of the ABT recreational fishery -- a
revised survey to determine the size of the angling fleet and
improve catch estimates, and revised survey procedures to reduce
variance and potential bias in survey estimates of catch.
Longer-term modifications proposed include delaying the sport season
to avoid much of the quota being taken in southern waters, providing
more flexibility in opening or closing the fishery, requiring
mandatory reporting of sport catch, and improving reporting and
permitting mechanisms. [Assoc Press, NMFS advisory notice, Fed.

Shark Cartilage. On Aug. 20, 1996, Wellington Medical School
researchers (New Zealand) announced test results indicating some
validity to the claim that shark cartilage inhibits blood vessel
growth. [Reuters]

West African Fisheries Surveillance. On Aug. 20, 1996, an initial
aerial fisheries enforcement surveillance flight was made over
Sierra Leone territorial waters after Sierra Leone joined a West
African regional project for aerial monitoring of fishing zones to
prevent poaching. Luxembourg funds this project involving the
nations of Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania,
Senegal, and Sierra Leone.[Reuters]

FDA Seafood List. On Aug. 19, 1996, the Food and Drug
Administration announced the availability of a new Compliance Policy
Guide -- "Common or Usual Names for Seafood in Interstate Commerce"
-- to facilitate uniform species identification and labeling and to
reduce consumer confusion. [Fed. Register]

Coral Reef Damage. In mid-August 1996, Jamaica's Natural Resources
Conservation Authority confirmed reports that a fiber optic cable
had fallen across the popular Widow Makers Cave coral reef dive site
and damaged coral. Telecommunications of Jamaica, Ltd., agreed to
move a section of their Cayman-Jamaica cable to a sand channel and
avoid further contact with live coral formations. [Assoc Press]

Shark Quota Reached. On Aug. 15, 1996, NMFS announced that the
Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico fishery for large coastal sharks will close
on Aug. 31, 1996. The entire quota for the last half of 1996 is
projected to be taken by this date. [Federal Register]

Factory Trawler Ban. On Aug. 15, 1996, Greenpeace released a
55-page report entitled "Sinking Fast: How Factory Trawlers Are
Destroying U.S. Fisheries and Marine Ecosystems" and launched a
campaign to phase-out U.S. factory trawling by 2001. Greenpeace
alleges that factory trawlers are devastating the marine environment
and that their incidental bycatch is excessive. On Aug. 16, 1996,
28 Greenpeace protesters staged a demonstration at Pier 91 in the
Seattle harbor against four factory trawlers owned by American
Seafoods, and 11 demonstrators were arrested by Port of Seattle
police for criminal trespass. {In late August 1996, Greenpeace
dispatched a 190-foot oceangoing tug to the Bering Sea to continue
observation and protest of factory trawling.} [Greenpeace press
release, Dow Jones News, Reuters, Assoc Press, Greenwire]

Alaskan IFQ Auction. On Aug. 15, 1996, the Internal Revenue
Service held an auction in Anchorage, AK, on 26 halibut and
sablefish individual fishing quota shares seized for non-payment of
taxes. Bidding was very competitive with winning auction bids as
high as $10 per pound of halibut quota -- well above minimum bids
acceptable. This was the third IRS auction of seized IFQ shares in
15 months. [Assoc Press]

Bristol Bay Red King Crab Fishery. In mid-August 1996, Alaska Dept.
of Fish and Game officials announced that their summer Bristol Bay
red king crab survey indicated sufficient recovery of stocks such
that a fishery will open Nov. 1, 1996 with 5 million pound harvest
limit. This will be the first opening for this fishery since 1993.
The stock rebuilding plan for this fishery has been modified to
permit harvest of no more than 10% of the mature male crabs rather
than the 20% harvest allowed in previous years. [Assoc Press]

Landry's Seafood Restaurant Acquisition. In early August 1996,
Landry's Seafood Restaurants Inc. announced completion of its
acquisition of the Bayport Restaurant Group Inc. of Hollywood, FL,
for $46.2 million in stock. [Wall Street J.]

Kahoolawe Island Fishing. On Aug. 14, 1996, the Kahoolawe Island
Reserve Commission, Hawaii, will meet to consider modification of
fishing regulations in nearshore waters. Since control of this
Island was return to the State by the Navy two years ago, bottom
fishing has been banned due to concerns about unexploded ordnance.
The State is expected to propose that Kahoolawe waters be designated
a no-fishing zone, as part of an overall State plan to ban bottom
fishing in 20% of each county's waters to repopulate certain
bottomfish species. [Assoc Press]

Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone. On Aug. 12-13, 1996, winds forced
oxygen-depleted water from the Gulf of Mexico's dead zone off the
mouth of the Mississippi River close to shore causing a "jubilee"
along about 20 miles of Louisiana coastline, east of the mouth of
Bayou Lafourche. This condition causes shrimp, crabs, and finfish
to crowd close to shore to escape the low-oxygen water and can be
easily caught in large quantities. [Assoc Press]

Trepang Seizure. In early August 1996, police in the Maritime
Territory, Russian Far East, seized and confiscated a large quantity
of fresh and dried trepang (sea cucumber), valued at as much as $75
per kilogram on Asian black markets. Poaching is a major concern
since trepang harvest has been prohibited in Russia after the
species were believed to be threatened with extinction. [Interfax]

Federal Fishing Permit Suspension. On Aug. 12, 1996,
Administrative Law Judge Peter Fitzpatrick granted an NMFS request
to suspend federal fishing permits for two scallop dealers, six of
their corporations, and five vessels based in several Cape Cod, MA
ports, in what federal officials call the largest federal fishery
fraud case ever filed. In this case, the companies and 12 captains
have been charged with more than 300 alleged violations of scallop
and groundfish regulations between March 1994 and February 1995,
with $5.8 million in fines sought. An Oct. 18, 1996 hearing on the
case has been scheduled. [Assoc Press, Reuters, Boston Globe via

Turtle-Friendly Lighting. Under pressure from the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service (USFWS), the city of Riviera Beach, FL, voted on
Aug. 7, 1996, to spend $120,000 on beach lighting design to install
low-pressure sodium vapor lights. After bright beach lights caused
some 600 sea turtle hatchlings to stray in 1995, the USFWS
threatened action by the U.S. Attorney's office for Endangered
Species Act violations. [Palm Beach Post via Greenwire]

Louisiana Gillnet Ban. On Aug. 7, 1996, U.S. District Judge
Thomas Porteous deferred action on a class-action suit by the
Louisiana Seafood Management Council to overturn a state ban on
gillnet use, until state courts finish consideration of appeals on
the issue. [New Orleans Times-Picayune via Greenwire]

Iceland-Denmark Fishery Dispute. On Aug. 2, 1996, Denmark
requested urgent talks with Iceland to address a fishing rights
dispute in the 4,000 sq. mile "grey zone" in Denmark Strait between
Iceland and Greenland. Iceland has demanded that Danish fishers
cease fishing for capelin in this area. On Aug. 13-14, 1996,
Danish and Icelandic officials met in Reykjavik, Iceland, for
unproductive discussions on disputed fishing in Denmark Strait.
{After talks were held Sept. 4-5 in Copenhagen, the parties agreed
to additional consultations in Reykjavik.} [Reuters]

Magnuson Act. In early August 1996, House and Senate negotiators
were reported to have reached a compromise agreement on Magnuson Act
amendments, agreeing to enact broad conservation provisions,
phase-in community development quotas for Bering Sea crab for
western Alaska communities over 3 years, and impose a moratorium on
new individual transferable quota (ITQ) programs while the National
Academy of Sciences conducts a 3-year study. {Senate floor
consideration of S. 39 was tentatively scheduled for Sept. 4, 1996,
but was postponed until late September or early October when Senate
consideration of appropriations measures took precedence.}
[Greenwire, personal communication, Assoc Press]

Cozumel Pier Dispute. On Aug. 1, 1996, ministers of the Commission
for Environmental Cooperation (under the authority of the North
American Free Trade Agreement) agreed to undertake a fact-finding
mission to consider a controversial pier for cruise ships near coral
reefs off Cozumel, Mexico. This is the first such investigation by
this Commission. [Reuters]

Canadian Atlantic Groundfish. On Aug. 1, 1996, Canada will
eliminate portions of its Atlantic Groundfish Strategy, which now
exceeds its budget by almost $370 million due to more fishers
qualifying for assistance than anticipated. Changes will include
elimination of job training and reduction of payments to displaced
fishers. Some fishing industry unions threaten legal action to
force government funding of continued programs. [Toronto Globe &
Mail via Greenwire]

NC Fisheries Reorganization Plan. On Aug. 19, 1996, the first in a
series of 19 public meetings to be held across NC through Sept. 25
on the Fisheries Moratorium Steering Committee's recommendations
convened at Pitt Community College, Greenville. [Assoc Press]

Sport Fishing Protests. In early August, 1996, People for the
Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) demonstrators protested at a
bass-fishing tournament in Birmingham, AL. On Aug. 19, 1996, PETA
demonstrators protested at the Mid-Atlantic $500,000 fishing
tournament in Cape May, NJ, claiming that fishing tortures fish,
promotes consumption of sometimes-contaminated food, and teaches
children disrespect for animals. [Assoc Press]

New England Groundfish. On Aug. 1, 1996, the House Committee on
Resources' Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans has
tentatively scheduled an oversight hearing on the economic effects
of Amendment 7 to the New England groundfish management plan. On
Aug. 8, 1996, U.S. District Judge D. Brock Hornby agreed to speed
the trial on a lawsuit by the Associated Fisheries of Maine alleging
that federal groundfish regulations are too restrictive and threaten
22,000 jobs in Maine alone. However, Judge Hornby denied a request
to suspend groundfish regulations pending a decision on the case.
In late August 1996, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration's Office of Sustainable Development anticipated
beginning to accept applications for a $25 million New England
fishing vessel buyback program. On Aug. 27, 1996, NOAA officials
met with fishermen in Portsmouth, NH, to provide information on how
to participate in a $25 million fishing vessel buyback program.
[Assoc Press, personal communication, Boston Globe via Greenwire]

Italian Driftnets. On Aug. 12, 1996, seven Spanish vessels and
three Greenpeace dinghies confronted five Italian fishing vessels
allegedly using 5- to 7-mile long illegal driftnets near the Island
of Majorca. [Reuters, Agence Europe via Reuters]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

{Oregon Salmon Study Funded. On Sept. 3, 1996, the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) Coastal Ocean
Program announced that it had awarded a $225,000 grant to the Oregon
Dept. of Land Conservation and Development for design and
coordination of a new study of Pacific salmon -- the Pacific
Northwest Coastal Ecosystem Regional Study. This Study is projected
to receive $5 million in funds over 5 years. The Study will improve
the scientific base for restoration and management of salmon and
other coastal resources and develop ways for coastal managers to
predict ecosystem, economic, and social impacts of proposed
restoration and management strategies. Special focus will be
directed to factors affecting the estuarine survival of salmon.
Other participants in the study include NMFS and the Sea Grant
Programs at Oregon State Univ. and the Univ. of Washington.} [NOAA
press release]

Snake River Sockeye Release. In September 1996, ID Dept. of Fish
and Game biologists plan to release 120 adult sockeye salmon into
Redfish Lake to spawn naturally. These fish are offspring of 8 wild
sockeye adults that returned to spawn in 1993 and were reared in
hatcheries. [Assoc Press]

{Washington Vessel Permit Buyout. On Aug. 29, 1996, the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) proposed two options
for a $5.2 million second phase of salmon vessel permit buyouts in
Washington State as part of the Northwest Emergency Assistance Plan.
After 296 salmon vessel permits were purchased in phase one of this
program, a new proposed phase two option responds to criticism that
primarily marginal or part-time permits were purchased during the
first phase by calculating a ratio using an individual's salmon
decline impact.} [NOAA press release]

Squawfish Scam. In late August 1996, a Spokane, WA, individual was
charged with theft, alleging that he cheated Bonneville Power
Administration's Snake River squawfish bounty program by turning in
more than 300 squawfish actually taken from the Spokane River. BPA
pays a bounty on squawfish to reduce their numbers as they prey
extensively on juvenile salmon and steelhead trout. [Assoc Press]

Alaska FISH Initiative Unconstitutional. On Aug. 26, 1996, the
Alaska Supreme Court declared the November general election ballot
initiative FISH (Fairness in Salmon Harvest) to be unconstitutional
as it would strip state managers of their ability to allocate salmon
among competing user groups. The FISH Initiative sought to
guarantee a specific allocation of salmon to sport, subsistence, and
personal-use fishermen. The Supreme Court reversed an April 1996
Superior Court ruling that held the Initiative to be constitutional.
[Reuters, Assoc Press]

Oregon Recovery Plan. On Aug. 23, 1996, Oregon Governor John
Kitzhaber released the Oregon Coastal Salmon Restoration Initiative
for coho salmon and steelhead trout. The plan's goals include
increase enforcement of existing laws, create local watershed
councils, establish tax incentives for landowners and businesses who
protect or restore salmon habitat, reform hatchery practices, and
eliminate illegal irrigation diversions. [Assoc Press, Greenwire]

Dworshak Dam Release. In mid-August 1996, 22,000 cubic-feet-per
second (cfs) water releases began from Dworshak Dam to assist in
flushing juvenile chinook salmon downstream. Releases will continue
at this level through the end of August, and will decrease to 14,000
cfs during early September, until the reservoir drops to 80 feed
below full. [Assoc Press]

Canadian Aboriginal Commercial Fishery. On Aug. 21, 1996, the
Supreme Court of Canada rejected claims by British Columbia Indians
that they have an aboriginal right to sell fish taken outside the
conventional commercial fishery. However, Native leaders say the
ruling outlines what they must prove concerning whether fish
bartering or sale was part of their culture before Europeans
arrived. [Assoc Press]

Washington State Draft Salmon Policy. In mid-August 1996, the
Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife began circulating a draft
proposal to assist wild salmon and steelhead trout recovery. The
proposal would reduce salmon and steelhead harvest by at least 25%,
reduce the production of hatchery fish, require more and wider
buffers along streams and wetlands, limit paving and construction to
no more than 10% of a watershed, toughen permit standards for well
and irrigation water withdrawal, and improve enforcement of water
quality standards. [Assoc Press, Greenwire]

Salmon Donation Program. On Aug. 16, 1996, NMFS announced the
selection of Northwest Food Strategies as an authorized tax-exempt
distributor of Pacific salmon to economically disadvantaged
individuals under the North Pacific Fishery Management Council's
Salmon Donation Program; salmon to be distributed are taken as
bycatch in North Pacific groundfisheries. The distribution permit
is valid for 3 years. [Fed. Register]

Hecla Wastewater Violations. On Aug. 16, 1996, the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency alleged that the Hecla Mining Co.
violated its waterwater discharge permit during May 1994 and between
June 1995 and June 1996, by discharging excessive cyanide, mercury,
and suspended solids into tributaries of the Salmon River, northeast
of Stanley, ID. EPA is seeking a $85,000 penalty for the alleged
violations. [Assoc Press]

Alaska Logger Sentenced for Salmon Damage. On Aug. 15, 1996, a
Homer, AK, logger was convicted of bulldozing silt into Stariski
Creek and damaging salmon spawning habitat without Alaska Dept. of
Fish and Game (ADF&G) or AK Division of Forestry permits and, on
Aug. 19, 1996, he was sentenced to 20 days in jail and fined
$25,000 for this crime. In addition, the logger will be required to
remove the soil that washing into the Creek under ADF&G supervision.
[Assoc Press]

Cordova Salmon Strike. On Aug. 11, 1996, more than 200 Cordova, AK
fishermen began a strike, refusing to harvest Copper River coho
salmon unless processors increase the price paid for these fish from
the 40 to 50 cents per pound offered to 65 cents per pound.
Processors claim the abundant returns of salmon make it uneconomic
to offer a higher price. [Assoc Press]

Western Power Blackout Impacts. In partial response to an Aug. 10,
1996 power blackout to more than 4 million residents of the western
United States and temporary loss of power from the Diablo Canyon, CA
nuclear facility, Bonneville Power Administration requested of NMFS
and was granted a waiver of the Endangered Species Act on Aug. 12
to allow the generating station at the Dalles Dam in eastern Oregon
to operate at full power for the remainder of the week. The
facility had been operating at about one-third capacity in
accordance with spill criteria in salmon recovery measures. NMFS
estimates as many as 16,000 juvenile fall chinook salmon may be
killed each day that spills are not provided, including possibly 4
to 6 from a wild population listed as endangered, as all water is
passed through turbines to generate electricity. Limited spills for
juvenile salmon migration at the Dalles Dam were begun on the night
of Aug. 14, and were to continue for 2 days. Water was drawn from
several upstream reservoirs to provide extra water for spills at The
Dalles Dam. On Aug. 16, 1996, spills were increased to their
pre-blackout levels. In late August 1996, the Columbia River
Alliance for Fish, Commerce, and Communities alleged that the power
blackout was at least partially caused when the reduced power output
at The Dalles Dam (due to spills for salmon) threatened the
stability of the West Coast power system. [Los Angeles Times and
Journal of Commerce via Greenwire, Assoc Press]

Salvage Logging. On Aug. 6, 1996, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of
Appeals, by a 3-0 ruling, upheld a December 1995 lower court
decision allowing salvage logging on the Thunderbolt sale (on the
South Fork of the Salmon River, ID) and on several other sales. The
ID Sporting Congress and others argued that erosion from logging
would damage endangered chinook salmon spawning habitat. [Boise
Idaho Statesman via Greenwire]

Salmon River Floatboat Regulations. On Aug. 15, 1996, Sawtooth
National Forest officials announced that public floaters in two days
had amassed enough violations that closure of a 15-mile stretch of
the upper Salmon River from the Yankee Fork to the national
recreation area boundary was imminent In late August 1996, floatboat
outfitters will be required to fund a $13,600 spawning bed
monitoring program by the Forest Service and the ID Dept. of Fish
and Game or the river will be closed to commercial operators after
Aug. 21. On Aug. 19, 1996, Sawtooth National Recreation Area
officials announced it was closing a 15-mile stretch of the upper
Salmon River below Sunbeam Dam to public floaters to better protect
salmon spawning areas. Commercial outfitters are not restricted by
this closure. [Assoc Press]

Record Alaska Chum and Pink Salmon Catch. In early August 1996, the
Alaska Supreme Court declined to hear Earth's suit seeking to halt
roe stripping from chum and pink salmon and dumping of salmon
carcasses by Alaska salmon hatcheries and advised Earth that their
suit should more appropriately be filed with the state Superior
Court, which Earth declined to do. On Aug. 12, 1996, an Earth
activist began a hunger strike to protest roe stripping and carcass
dumping. By mid-August 1996, 9 Alaska hatchery corporations had
sought state permission to dump pink and/or chum salmon carcasses.
{On Aug 31, 1996, Earth activists distributed 40,000 pounds of
excess hatchery salmon from Alaska free to about 1,500 people in
Federal Way, WA.} [Assoc Press]
end Part 1

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