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Subject: Part 2-Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 6 Sep 1996 21:35:35 GMT
Content-Type:text/plain
Parts/Attachments:
Parts/Attachments

text/plain (220 lines)


Date: Fri, 06 Sep 1996 14:31:51 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>

Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff -- Part 2


Pacific Salmon Treaty.  On Aug.  1,  1996, Alaska Dept.  of Fish and
Game officials announced revised catch statistics of 74,000  chinook
salmon  for  early  July  10-day  southeast  Alaska commercial troll
salmon fishery.  On  Aug.   7,  1996,  the Pacific Salmon Commission
decided  sockeye  salmon  returns  to  the  Fraser  River  were   of
sufficient  strength  and  allowed  a  limited  commercial  harvest.
However,  Greenpeace  demonstrators  disrupted  the gillnet fishery,
arguing  that  the  Canadian   government  was  underestimating  the
required adult salmon escapement.  An initial 48-hour  Fraser  River
commercial sockeye harvest was estimated to have taken 160,000 fish.
On   Aug.   12,  1996,  Alaskan  officials  were  reported  to  have
calculated the  total  1996  sport/commercial  troll  salmon chinook
harvest as 126,000 fish since Jan.   1,  1996,  with  an  additional
20,000 chinook having been taken by seiners.  On Aug.  14, 1996, the
United States failed to designate a representative for the Technical
Dispute  Settlement  Board  requested  by  Canada on the 1996 Alaska
chinook quota.  In mid-August 1996,  Alaska  Dept.  of Fish and Game
officials announced that the  southeast  Alaska  commercial  chinook
salmon  troll  fishery  would  open for two days beginning Aug.  19,
allowing 7,000  more  fish  to  be  harvested.   On  Aug.  19, 1996,
Pacific Salmon Commission officials announced that, based on current
adult escapement counts, no further Canadian commercial fishery  for
Fraser   River  sockeye  will  be  scheduled.   Canadian  commercial
fishermen took their allowable catch of 1 million sockeye during two
openings, while U.S.  fishermen are  close to catching their 300,000
fish quota.  Total  sockeye  return  to  the  Fraser  River  is  now
estimated  at  4.4  million fish.  On Aug.  21 and 23, 1996, British
Columbia commercial fishermen in  25  fishing vessels staged protest
salmon fisheries to contest native-only  fishing  for  Fraser  River
salmon.   In  late August 1996, the Governors of Alaska, Washington,
and Oregon wrote a letter to the Pacific Salmon Commission proposing
that salmon allocations  be  discussed  on  a  regional, rather than
area-wide, basis in an effort to stimulate productive  negotiations.
On Aug.  28, 1996, Alaska Governor Tony Knowles met with White House
Chief  of Staff Leon Panetta to request administration assistance to
renew efforts to negotiate a  resolution with Canada on salmon.  {In
early September 1996, Alaska Dept.   of  Fish  and  Game  biologists
reported  the  Yukon River fall chum salmon run appeared to be about
200,000  fish  larger  than  anticipated  and  that  all  escapement
obligations to Canada had been met.} [Assoc Press, Reuters, WA Dept.
of Fish and Wildlife press release, personal communication, Canadian
Dept.  of Fisheries and Oceans press release]

Aquaculture

{Taura Syndrome Virus.  On  Sept.   5,  1996,  TX Parks and Wildlife
Dept.   officials  and  shrimp  farmers  announced  that  the  Taura
syndrome virus was detected in August 1996  at  six  coastal  shrimp
hatcheries  from  the  Rio  Grande  Valley  north  to Matagorda Bay,
although this  outbreak  appears  not  to  be  as  widespread nor as
virulent as last year's.  Shrimp farmers have been asked to  harvest
infected  shrimp  and  hold  pond  water for at least 10 days before
discharge to minimize any  potential  threat to wild shrimp.} [Assoc
Press]

{Florida Aquarium Financial Losses.  On Sept.  3, 1996, the  Florida
Aquarium  (Tampa)  released  financial statements indicating that it
lost $2.3 million for the quarter ending  July 31, 1996 -- a loss of
about twice the rate of 1995.  Attendance  declined  40%  from  this
quarter last year, while donations are only a third of that received
for same period in 1995.} [Assoc Press]

{Atlantic   Salmon   Dumping.   On  Sept.   2,  1996,  the  European
Commission  announced  that  it   had   decided  to  begin  separate
anti-dumping and  anti-subsidy  investigations  of  farmed  Atlantic
salmon  from  Norway,  in  response  to  July 1996 complaints by the
Scottish Salmon Growers'  Assoc.   and  the Shetland Salmon Farmers'
Assoc.} [Reuters]

Tilapia Pathogen.  The Aug.  23, 1996 issue of Science reported that
a bacterium, Streptococcus iniae, causing human meningitis has  been
transmitted from Tilapia to humans.  Transmission was believed to be
through  injuries  received while cleaning fish.  Six individuals in
Ontario were affected -- one with meningitis and transient arthritis
and the other five with skin or blood infections.  [Science]

Diseased Fish Destroyed.   On  Aug.   19,  1996,  Michigan Dept.  of
Natural Resources officials announced that 245,000 Kamloops  rainbow
trout,  obtained from a Montana hatchery as eggs, would be destroyed
after learning that federal officials had detected parasites in fish
at the Montana hatchery  that  were  not  present in the Great Lakes
basin.  [Assoc Press]

Northeast Aquaculture Report.  In early August 1996, the  Univ.   of
Rhode  Island's  Cooperative  Extension Service released a survey of
152 commercial  aquaculture  operations  in  the  northeastern U.S.,
estimating 1995 production at $162.4 million.  The largest  industry
segment  was the Maine-based pen-reared salmonid operations, with an
estimated 1995 product value of  $53.4 million.  The oyster industry
was second with a value of $49.8 million.  [personal communication]

Amazon Turtle Farming.  On Aug.   8,  1996,  officials  of  Brazil's
Environment  Institute  announced  that two popular Amazonian turtle
species would  be  removed  from  endangered  status, allowing their
farming and trading.  Regulations on farming and trade are scheduled
to be issued in late August  1996.   The  remaining  11  species  of
Amazon  turtles  will remain protected as endangered.  The Brazilian
government anticipates capturing  10%  of  the  annual turtle hatch,
which will be provided to established turtle farms.  Farmed  turtles
may be sold to licensed restaurants.  [Reuters]

Freshwater Fisheries

{Umpqua  River Cutthroat Trout.  On Sept.  8, 1996, a federal ban on
all fishing in the Umpqua  River  Basin,  OR, will be implemented to
protect  endangered  cutthroat  trout.   OR  fishery  managers  have
requested that NMFS issue a special incidental take permit to  allow
limited  fishing  to  continue,  but  a public comment period on the
permit application does not end until Sept.  6.} [Assoc Press]

{Chernobyl Carp Appear  Undamaged.   On  Sept.   2,  1996, Univ.  of
Georgia researchers announced that results of  studies  on  carp  in
ponds  near the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site will be published in
the October 1996  issue  of  Eco-Toxicology,  showing no evidence in
genetic damage resulting in changes in appearance.   However,  blood
analysis  gave  evidence of aneuploidy -- extra DNA not contributing
to  the  genetic  character  of  the  fish.}  [London  Telegraph via
Greenwire]

{Kolob Reservoir Fish Kill.  On Sept.  1, 1996, the  Utah  Div.   of
Wildlife Resources reported that more than 4,000 cutthroat trout had
died  in  Kolob Reservoir, UT, this summer after the water level was
lowered to within 4 feet  of  a  5-foot  silt layer on the reservoir
bottom to permit work on the dam.} [Assoc Press]

{Clyde River Dam Removal.  On Aug.   28,  1996,  Citizens  Utilities
workers began three days of blasting on the Newport 11 diversion dam
and adjoining buttress wall, on the Clyde River in Vermont.  The dam
is to be totally removed and stream flow restored by Oct.  1 in time
for Atlantic salmon spawning.} [Assoc Press]

Lake  Pend  Oreille  Level.   On  Aug.   20, 1996, the Army Corps of
Engineers announced  that  it  would  keep  the  level  of Lake Pend
Oreille, ID,  four  feet  higher  than  normal  to  improve  kokanee
spawning and survival during a 3-year test.  [Assoc Press]

Native  Fishing in Lake Michigan.  On Aug.  16, 1996, U.S.  District
Judge Richard Enslen ruled  that  the  Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa
and  Chippewa  Indians  may  license  one  fisher  to  take   salmon
commercially  in  Grand  Traverse  Bay, Lake Michigan, waters.  This
agreement is only for a  specific  limited  area of the Bay and only
for Aug.  1 through Oct.  15, 1996;  the  tribes  and  state/federal
government  officials  were  directed  to  work out an agreement for
fishing after 1996.  [Assoc Press]

Bring Back the Natives.  On  Aug.   20,  1996, the National Fish and
Wildlife Foundation, in cooperation with the U.S.   Forest  Service,
Bureau   of  Land  Management,  Bureau  of  Reclamation,  and  Trout
Unlimited, announced 26 projects  nationwide  to restore native fish
species on public lands by  restoring  watersheds  as  part  of  the
"Bring Back the Natives" program.  [Assoc Press]

Artificial  Lake.   On  Aug.   15,  1996,  a  150-acre  artificially
constructed  lake  was dedicated and wells began pumping to fill the
waterbody near Kennett, MO.   The  entire lake was constructed above
grade with no excavation, and will be stocked for  fishing.   [Assoc
Press]

Boeuf  River  Fish Kill.  On Aug.  12, 1996, the Louisiana Dept.  of
Agriculture   and   Forestry   released   test   results  indicating
significant levels of the  pesticide  Curecron  in  fish  and  water
samples  taken  from  the  Boeuf River after about 200,000 fish were
killed in the Boeuf River and at nine other sites in northeastern LA
in early  August  1996.   Curecron  is  sprayed  on  cotton crops to
control boll  weevils  --  extensive  storms  may  have  washed  the
pesticide into steams and rivers.  [Assoc Press]

Mercury  Contamination.   On  Aug.  12, 1996, Louisiana State public
health officials issued a warning  for pregnant or nursing women and
children under 7 years of age  to  avoid  or  limit  consumption  of
bowfin  and  bass caught in the Bogue Chitto River.  Bass and bowfin
had been found to exceed  the  state  0.5  ppm and the federal 1 ppm
standards for mercury.  [Assoc Press]

Edwards Aquifer.  On Aug.  8, 1996,  TX  State  Rep.   John  Shields
filed  court  documents opposing a Sierra Club lawsuit filed in June
1996 in  U.S.   District  Court  seeking  to  limit  pumping  by San
Antonio, small  towns,  businesses,  and  military  bases  from  the
Edwards  Aquifer  to protect five fish and salamander species listed
under the U.S.   Endangered  Species  Act  (ESA).   Opponents to the
Sierra Club lawsuit  allege  the  ESA  is  unconstitutional  in  the
Edwards  Aquifer  case.   On  Aug.   19,  1996, U.S.  District Judge
Lucius Bunton ordered the U.S.   Dept.   of Agriculture, by Nov.  1,
1996, to review the impact of crop subsidies on  endangered  species
dependent upon the Edwards Aquifer.  On Aug.  21, 1996, Judge Bunton
denied  TX Rep.  Shields request to intervene in another Sierra Club
suit, rejecting  the  argument  that  the  ESA  is unconstitutional.
[Greenwire]

Canadian Sea Lamprey Funding Restored.  On Aug.  7,  1996,  Canada's
Minister  of  Fisheries  Fred  Mifflin  announced  that  Canada will
provide C$5.145 million  for  the  Great  Lakes  Sea Lamprey Control
Program for the 1996-97 and 1997-98 fiscal years.  This  Program  is
conducted   by  the  U.S.-Canada  Great  Lakes  Fishery  Commission.
[Canadian govt.  press release]

Tui Chub in Diamond Lake.   On  Sept.   20-21, 1996, the Oregon Fish
and Wildlife Commission  will  meet  to  consider  alternatives  for
eradicating  introduced  tui chub in Diamond Lake.  Costs may exceed
$1 million if rotenone is used and an environmental impact statement
is required.  [Assoc Press]

Chippewa Bands Fishing Rights.   On  Aug.   16, 1996, seven Chippewa
Bands filed a motion for a preliminary injunction providing for  the
exercise  of  fishing  rights on east-central Minnesota waters while
waiting for the  case  to  be  tried.   A  hearing  on the motion is
scheduled for Oct.  18, 1996.  [Assoc Press]

Items in this summary are excerpted from a  variety  of  information
sources.    The   Congressional   Research   Service  (CRS)  is  not
responsible for the accuracy of the various news items.
....
end Part 2
eof

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