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Subject: Part 1-Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 6 Sep 1996 21:30:32 GMT
Content-Type:text/plain
Parts/Attachments:
Parts/Attachments

text/plain (528 lines)


Date: Fri, 06 Sep 1996 14:30:37 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>

Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff -- Part 1

Fisheries Groups:

I'm appending part of a  regular  update I prepare for congressional
staff on fisheries and marine mammal public policy issues as  I  see
them  --  a  selection  of  issues  which I view as having potential
public policy implications for  the  U.S.   Congress.  My role is to
provide objective, non-partisan, unbiased public policy analysis for
Congress.  Thus, it is useful weekly to pass this summary  by  those
subscribing  to  this  list  to  solicit  input about areas where my
objectivity could be  improved,  where  someone's bias shows through
and should be adjusted, and where there are simply other  issues  of
which  I  am  unaware.   Anyway,  what  follows  is today's summary.
Generally I add new items every morning, and remove items after they
have been on the summary  for  about  a month.  Items in the summary
are modified as I receive new information.

In deference to those who have to pay  for  communications  time,  I
post  the  entire summary once each month on the first Friday of the
month, for those who do not monitor  the group each week or wish the
more complete format.  This is longer the first Friday  posting  for
September 1996.

NOTE:  Archived  copies  of  "first  Friday"  longer  summaries  for
February 1994 through the present are now available at:

         "http://www.lsu.edu/guests/sglegal/public_html/"

I  would  appreciate your feedback on this summary.  Comments should
be directed to  me  ([log in to unmask]).   I  will post this summary
each Friday on this list as long as I continue  to  receive  helpful
feedback on issues.

To  further  assist  me  in  providing  a broad scope of information
resources to Congress, I would appreciate being added to any mailing
lists of publications, news releases, newsletters, etc.  relevant to
marine mammals and fisheries.  Where there is a subscription cost, a
sample copy would provide  a  basis  for  deciding  whether or not a
subscription could be justified.  Thanks for your assistance in this
matter.

                                Gene Buck
                                Congressional Research Service - ENR
                                Library of Congress
                                Washington, DC  20540-7450
                                e-mail:  [log in to unmask]

Summary follows:

        New info and changes since 08/29/96 are bracketed  {...}.

Marine Fisheries

Chesapeake Bay.  On Sept.  24, 1996, the Virginia  Marine  Resources
Commission  will hold a public hearing on oyster regulations for the
1996-97  season.   The  Commission  has  proposed  very  restrictive
seasons and area openings after  the 1995-96 harvest decline to only
about 2% of that of a decade ago.  {On Sept.  5, 1996,  MD  governor
Parris Glendening announced a 35-year plan involving seven potential
silt  dump sites including four possible sites for artificial island
construction in Chesapeake Bay.  Dump  sites are needed for material
dredged to maintain shipping channels and are supported by  watermen
and  the  seafood industry in light of Gov.  Glendening's commitment
to spend as much  as  $18.5  million  to  rebuild MD oyster stocks.}
[Assoc Press]

{Fisheries  Oversight  Hearing.   On  Sept.   12,  1996,  the  House
Subcommittee on Fisheries,  Wildlife,  and  Oceans  has  tentatively
scheduled  an  oversight  hearing on implementation of provisions of
the Fisheries Act of 1995 (P.L.  104-43).} [personal communication]

Florida Net Ban.  On  Sept.   10,  1996,  FL Governor Lawton Chiles'
Cabinet is scheduled to consider new mullet gear rules  proposed  by
the  FL  Marine  Fisheries Commission, which would allow a vessel to
fish two nets as  long  as  each  does  not  exceed to 500 sq.  foot
limitation.  [Assoc Press]

{Japanese Coral Reef Park.  On Sept.  4, 1996, the chief of  Japan's
Environment  Agency  announced  plans to designate the Shiraho coral
reefs off the island  of  Ishigaki  (Okinawa  prefecture) as part of
Iriomote National Park.} [Dow Jones News]

{Fatal Crab Pinch.  In Aug.  28, 1996, a South Alabama resident died
of a Vibrio vulnificus infection two days after being pinched  by  a
blue  crab  she  was  preparing  for dinner.  Of 141 cases of Vibrio
vulnificus  infection  from  seafood  reported  by  the  Centers for
Disease  Control  and  Prevention  since  1988,  only  5  were   not
associated with eating raw oysters.} [Assoc Press]

Fishking  Processors Inc.  Acquisition.  On Aug.  28, 1996, Fishking
Processors Inc.   (Los  Angeles,  CA)  announced  that  it  had been
acquired by Nippon Suisan (U.S.A.), a subsidiary  of  Nippon  Suisan
Kaisha  Ltd.,  Tokyo.   Fishking  markets  frozen  breaded specialty
seafood products under the "Mrs.   Friday's"  brand name to the food
service industry.  Fishking also owns QF Inc.  of  Bayou  La  Batre,
AL.  [Fishking Processors Inc.  press release, Dow Jones News]

Alternative  Tuna Fishery.  In late August 1996, the MA Institute of
Technology's Sea Grant  Program  (Center  for Fisheries Engineering)
reported experimental fishing research indicating that midwater pair
trawling appears  to  be  highly  efficient,  resource-sparing,  and
protective  of  marine  mammals  for catching bigeye, yellowfin, and
albacore tuna in  the  northwest  Atlantic.  Although NMFS currently
only permits longlining and gillnetting for commercial tuna  fishing
in  the  Atlantic, NMFS observers will provide data on midwater pair
trawling trials  for  determining  whether  NMFS  might approve this
alternative harvesting method.  [MIT Sea Grant Program news release]

Japanese  Vessel  Seized.   On  Aug.   22,  1996,  Irish   fisheries
enforcement  vessels  seized  one Japanese vessel and escorted it to
port while a second Japanese vessel was to be boarded and inspected.
The seized Japanese vessel  was  allegedly detained inside Ireland's
200-mile limit with longline fishing gear in the water and 8 tons of
tuna in the hold.  [Reuters]

CDQ Lawsuit.   On  Aug.   21,  1996,  Washington  State's  Fish  and
Wildlife  Commission  filed  suit  in  U.S.   District Court against
Secretary  of  Commerce  Kantor  seeking  to  halt  the  granting of
additional community development quotas  (CDQs)  to  western  Alaska
Native  villages.   Present  CDQs  allocate  pollock,  halibut,  and
sablefish,  with  the proposed enlarged CDQ program also to allocate
Pacific cod, yellowfin sole, rock sole, and Atka mackerel as well as
king, bairdi, and opilio  crabs.   Washington alleges the additional
CDQs will unfairly reduce the possible harvest of Washington fishers
in the Bering Sea and are a form of individual quotas for which  new
program  implementation  was  prohibited  during  FY1996  by federal
legislation.  [Assoc Press]

New Jersey  Clamming.   On  Aug.   19,  1996,  the  NJ Environmental
Commissioner  held  a  ceremony  to   celebrate   the   opening   of
unrestricted clamming in the waters of the lower Navesink River this
winter  after  being closed for more than 25 years due to pollution.
[Newark Star-Ledger via Greenwire]

Bluefin  Tuna.   On  Aug.    15,   1996,  NMFS  announced  that  the
recreational fishery for school Atlantic bluefin tuna (27 inches  to
less than 47 inches) in waters from New Jersey northward would close
late  on  Aug.  17, 1996.  Angling for other size bluefin had closed
on July 31, 1996.  Much of  the  1996  quota had been taken early in
the year by sport anglers fishing off North Carolina.  On Aug.   20,
1996,  NMFS  announced  denial  of the March 1996 MA Audubon Society
petition to eliminate the  fishery  for  small Atlantic bluefin tuna
(ABT).  NMFS denied the petition on the basis of the  importance  of
the  small  ABT  fishery for collection of stock assessment data and
the socio-economic importance of this fishery to coastal communities
and sport anglers.   On  Aug.   23,  1996,  NMFS proposed short-term
modifications in management of the ABT  recreational  fishery  --  a
revised  survey  to  determine  the  size  of  the angling fleet and
improve catch estimates,  and  revised  survey  procedures to reduce
variance  and  potential  bias  in  survey   estimates   of   catch.
Longer-term modifications proposed include delaying the sport season
to avoid much of the quota being taken in southern waters, providing
more  flexibility  in  opening  or  closing  the  fishery, requiring
mandatory reporting  of  sport  catch,  and  improving reporting and
permitting mechanisms.  [Assoc Press,  NMFS  advisory  notice,  Fed.
Register]

Shark  Cartilage.   On  Aug.   20,  1996,  Wellington Medical School
researchers (New  Zealand)  announced  test  results indicating some
validity to the claim that shark  cartilage  inhibits  blood  vessel
growth.  [Reuters]

West  African Fisheries Surveillance.  On Aug.  20, 1996, an initial
aerial  fisheries  enforcement  surveillance  flight  was  made over
Sierra Leone territorial waters after Sierra  Leone  joined  a  West
African  regional  project for aerial monitoring of fishing zones to
prevent  poaching.   Luxembourg  funds  this  project  involving the
nations of Cape Verde, Gambia,  Guinea,  Guinea-Bissau,  Mauritania,
Senegal, and Sierra Leone.[Reuters]

FDA   Seafood   List.    On  Aug.   19,  1996,  the  Food  and  Drug
Administration announced the availability of a new Compliance Policy
Guide -- "Common or Usual  Names for Seafood in Interstate Commerce"
-- to facilitate uniform species identification and labeling and  to
reduce consumer confusion.  [Fed.  Register]

Coral  Reef Damage.  In mid-August 1996, Jamaica's Natural Resources
Conservation Authority confirmed  reports  that  a fiber optic cable
had fallen across the popular Widow Makers Cave coral reef dive site
and damaged coral.  Telecommunications of Jamaica, Ltd.,  agreed  to
move  a  section of their Cayman-Jamaica cable to a sand channel and
avoid further contact with live coral formations.  [Assoc Press]

Shark Quota Reached.  On  Aug.   15,  1996,  NMFS announced that the
Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico fishery for large coastal sharks will  close
on  Aug.   31,  1996.  The entire quota for the last half of 1996 is
projected to be taken by this date.  [Federal Register]

Factory Trawler  Ban.   On  Aug.   15,  1996,  Greenpeace released a
55-page report entitled "Sinking  Fast:  How  Factory  Trawlers  Are
Destroying  U.S.   Fisheries  and  Marine Ecosystems" and launched a
campaign to phase-out  U.S.   factory  trawling by 2001.  Greenpeace
alleges that factory trawlers are devastating the marine environment
and that their incidental bycatch is excessive.  On Aug.  16,  1996,
28  Greenpeace  protesters  staged a demonstration at Pier 91 in the
Seattle harbor  against  four  factory  trawlers  owned  by American
Seafoods, and 11 demonstrators were  arrested  by  Port  of  Seattle
police  for  criminal  trespass.   {In  late August 1996, Greenpeace
dispatched a 190-foot oceangoing tug  to  the Bering Sea to continue
observation and protest  of  factory  trawling.}  [Greenpeace  press
release, Dow Jones News, Reuters, Assoc Press, Greenwire]

Alaskan  IFQ  Auction.   On  Aug.   15,  1996,  the Internal Revenue
Service  held  an  auction  in  Anchorage,  AK,  on  26  halibut and
sablefish individual fishing quota shares seized for non-payment  of
taxes.   Bidding  was  very competitive with winning auction bids as
high as $10 per pound  of  halibut  quota -- well above minimum bids
acceptable.  This was the third IRS auction of seized IFQ shares  in
15 months.  [Assoc Press]

Bristol Bay Red King Crab Fishery.  In mid-August 1996, Alaska Dept.
of  Fish  and Game officials announced that their summer Bristol Bay
red king crab survey  indicated  sufficient  recovery of stocks such
that a fishery will open Nov.  1, 1996 with 5 million pound  harvest
limit.   This will be the first opening for this fishery since 1993.
The stock rebuilding  plan  for  this  fishery  has been modified to
permit harvest of no more than 10% of the mature male  crabs  rather
than the 20% harvest allowed in previous years.  [Assoc Press]

Landry's  Seafood  Restaurant  Acquisition.   In  early August 1996,
Landry's  Seafood  Restaurants  Inc.   announced  completion  of its
acquisition of the Bayport Restaurant Group Inc.  of Hollywood,  FL,
for $46.2 million in stock.  [Wall Street J.]

Kahoolawe  Island  Fishing.  On Aug.  14, 1996, the Kahoolawe Island
Reserve Commission, Hawaii,  will  meet  to consider modification of
fishing regulations in nearshore  waters.   Since  control  of  this
Island  was  return  to  the State by the Navy two years ago, bottom
fishing has been banned  due  to concerns about unexploded ordnance.
The State is expected to propose that Kahoolawe waters be designated
a no-fishing zone, as part of an overall State plan  to  ban  bottom
fishing  in  20%  of  each  county's  waters  to  repopulate certain
bottomfish species.  [Assoc Press]

Gulf of  Mexico  Dead  Zone.   On  Aug.   12-13,  1996, winds forced
oxygen-depleted water from the Gulf of Mexico's dead  zone  off  the
mouth  of  the  Mississippi River close to shore causing a "jubilee"
along about 20 miles of  Louisiana  coastline,  east of the mouth of
Bayou Lafourche.  This condition causes shrimp, crabs,  and  finfish
to  crowd  close  to shore to escape the low-oxygen water and can be
easily caught in large quantities.  [Assoc Press]

Trepang Seizure.   In  early  August  1996,  police  in the Maritime
Territory, Russian Far East, seized and confiscated a large quantity
of fresh and dried trepang (sea cucumber), valued at as much as  $75
per  kilogram  on  Asian black markets.  Poaching is a major concern
since trepang  harvest  has  been  prohibited  in  Russia  after the
species were believed to be threatened with extinction.  [Interfax]

Federal   Fishing   Permit   Suspension.    On   Aug.    12,   1996,
Administrative Law Judge Peter Fitzpatrick granted an  NMFS  request
to  suspend  federal fishing permits for two scallop dealers, six of
their corporations, and five vessels  based  in several Cape Cod, MA
ports, in what federal officials call the  largest  federal  fishery
fraud  case ever filed.  In this case, the companies and 12 captains
have been charged with more  than  300 alleged violations of scallop
and groundfish regulations between March  1994  and  February  1995,
with $5.8 million in fines sought.  An Oct.  18, 1996 hearing on the
case  has  been  scheduled.  [Assoc Press, Reuters, Boston Globe via
Greenwire]

Turtle-Friendly Lighting.  Under  pressure  from  the U.S.  Fish and
Wildlife Service (USFWS), the city of Riviera Beach,  FL,  voted  on
Aug.  7, 1996, to spend $120,000 on beach lighting design to install
low-pressure  sodium vapor lights.  After bright beach lights caused
some  600  sea  turtle  hatchlings  to  stray  in  1995,  the  USFWS
threatened action  by  the  U.S.   Attorney's  office for Endangered
Species Act violations.  [Palm Beach Post via Greenwire]

Louisiana Gillnet Ban.  On  Aug.   7,  1996,  U.S.   District  Judge
Thomas  Porteous  deferred  action  on  a  class-action  suit by the
Louisiana Seafood Management  Council  to  overturn  a  state ban on
gillnet use, until state courts finish consideration of  appeals  on
the issue.  [New Orleans Times-Picayune via Greenwire]

Iceland-Denmark   Fishery   Dispute.   On  Aug.   2,  1996,  Denmark
requested urgent talks  with  Iceland  to  address  a fishing rights
dispute in the 4,000 sq.  mile "grey zone" in Denmark Strait between
Iceland and Greenland.  Iceland has  demanded  that  Danish  fishers
cease  fishing  for  capelin  in  this  area.  On Aug.  13-14, 1996,
Danish  and  Icelandic  officials  met  in  Reykjavik,  Iceland, for
unproductive discussions on  disputed  fishing  in  Denmark  Strait.
{After  talks were held Sept.  4-5 in Copenhagen, the parties agreed
to additional consultations in Reykjavik.} [Reuters]

Magnuson Act.  In early  August  1996,  House and Senate negotiators
were reported to have reached a compromise agreement on Magnuson Act
amendments,  agreeing  to  enact  broad   conservation   provisions,
phase-in  community  development  quotas  for  Bering  Sea  crab for
western Alaska communities over 3  years, and impose a moratorium on
new individual transferable quota (ITQ) programs while the  National
Academy   of  Sciences  conducts  a  3-year  study.   {Senate  floor
consideration of S. 39 was tentatively scheduled for Sept.  4, 1996,
but was postponed until late  September or early October when Senate
consideration   of   appropriations   measures   took   precedence.}
[Greenwire, personal communication, Assoc Press]

Cozumel Pier Dispute.  On Aug.  1, 1996, ministers of the Commission
for Environmental Cooperation (under  the  authority  of  the  North
American  Free  Trade  Agreement) agreed to undertake a fact-finding
mission to consider a controversial pier for cruise ships near coral
reefs off Cozumel, Mexico.  This  is the first such investigation by
this Commission.  [Reuters]

Canadian  Atlantic  Groundfish.   On  Aug.   1,  1996,  Canada  will
eliminate portions of its Atlantic Groundfish  Strategy,  which  now
exceeds  its  budget  by  almost  $370  million  due to more fishers
qualifying for assistance  than  anticipated.   Changes will include
elimination of job training and reduction of payments  to  displaced
fishers.   Some  fishing  industry  unions  threaten legal action to
force government funding  of  continued  programs.  [Toronto Globe &
Mail via Greenwire]

NC Fisheries Reorganization Plan.  On Aug.  19, 1996, the first in a
series of 19 public meetings to be held across NC through Sept.   25
on  the  Fisheries  Moratorium  Steering Committee's recommendations
convened at Pitt Community College, Greenville.  [Assoc Press]

Sport Fishing  Protests.   In  early  August,  1996,  People for the
Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)  demonstrators  protested  at  a
bass-fishing  tournament in Birmingham, AL.  On Aug.  19, 1996, PETA
demonstrators  protested  at   the   Mid-Atlantic  $500,000  fishing
tournament in Cape May, NJ, claiming  that  fishing  tortures  fish,
promotes  consumption  of  sometimes-contaminated  food, and teaches
children disrespect for animals.  [Assoc Press]

New England Groundfish.  On  Aug.   1,  1996, the House Committee on
Resources' Subcommittee  on  Fisheries,  Wildlife,  and  Oceans  has
tentatively  scheduled  an oversight hearing on the economic effects
of Amendment 7 to  the  New  England groundfish management plan.  On
Aug.  8, 1996, U.S.  District Judge D. Brock Hornby agreed to  speed
the trial on a lawsuit by the Associated Fisheries of Maine alleging
that federal groundfish regulations are too restrictive and threaten
22,000  jobs in Maine alone.  However, Judge Hornby denied a request
to suspend groundfish regulations  pending  a  decision on the case.
In  late  August  1996,  the  National   Oceanic   and   Atmospheric
Administration's   Office  of  Sustainable  Development  anticipated
beginning to  accept  applications  for  a  $25  million New England
fishing vessel buyback program.  On Aug.  27, 1996,  NOAA  officials
met  with fishermen in Portsmouth, NH, to provide information on how
to participate in  a  $25  million  fishing  vessel buyback program.
[Assoc Press, personal communication, Boston Globe via Greenwire]

Italian Driftnets.  On Aug.  12, 1996,  seven  Spanish  vessels  and
three  Greenpeace  dinghies  confronted five Italian fishing vessels
allegedly using 5- to 7-mile  long illegal driftnets near the Island
of Majorca.  [Reuters, Agence Europe via Reuters]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

{Oregon Salmon Study  Funded.   On  Sept.   3,  1996,  the  National
Oceanic  and  Atmospheric  Administration's  (NOAA's)  Coastal Ocean
Program announced that it had awarded a $225,000 grant to the Oregon
Dept.   of  Land  Conservation   and   Development  for  design  and
coordination of a  new  study  of  Pacific  salmon  --  the  Pacific
Northwest Coastal Ecosystem Regional Study.  This Study is projected
to receive $5 million in funds over 5 years.  The Study will improve
the  scientific  base  for  restoration and management of salmon and
other coastal resources  and  develop  ways  for coastal managers to
predict  ecosystem,  economic,  and  social  impacts   of   proposed
restoration  and  management  strategies.   Special  focus  will  be
directed  to  factors  affecting  the  estuarine survival of salmon.
Other participants in  the  study  include  NMFS  and  the Sea Grant
Programs at Oregon State Univ.  and the Univ.  of Washington.} [NOAA
press release]

Snake River Sockeye Release.  In September 1996, ID Dept.   of  Fish
and  Game  biologists  plan to release 120 adult sockeye salmon into
Redfish Lake to spawn naturally.  These fish are offspring of 8 wild
sockeye adults that returned  to  spawn  in  1993 and were reared in
hatcheries.  [Assoc Press]

{Washington Vessel Permit Buyout.  On Aug.  29, 1996,  the  National
Oceanic  and  Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) proposed two options
for a $5.2 million second  phase  of salmon vessel permit buyouts in
Washington State as part of the Northwest Emergency Assistance Plan.
After 296 salmon vessel permits were purchased in phase one of  this
program,  a new proposed phase two option responds to criticism that
primarily marginal or  part-time  permits  were purchased during the
first phase by calculating a  ratio  using  an  individual's  salmon
decline impact.} [NOAA press release]

Squawfish  Scam.  In late August 1996, a Spokane, WA, individual was
charged  with  theft,  alleging  that  he  cheated  Bonneville Power
Administration's Snake River squawfish bounty program by turning  in
more  than 300 squawfish actually taken from the Spokane River.  BPA
pays a bounty on  squawfish  to  reduce  their  numbers as they prey
extensively on juvenile salmon and steelhead trout.  [Assoc Press]

Alaska FISH Initiative Unconstitutional.  On  Aug.   26,  1996,  the
Alaska  Supreme  Court declared the November general election ballot
initiative FISH (Fairness in  Salmon Harvest) to be unconstitutional
as it would strip state managers of their ability to allocate salmon
among  competing  user  groups.   The  FISH  Initiative  sought   to
guarantee a specific allocation of salmon to sport, subsistence, and
personal-use  fishermen.   The  Supreme Court reversed an April 1996
Superior Court ruling that held the Initiative to be constitutional.
[Reuters, Assoc Press]

Oregon Recovery  Plan.   On  Aug.   23,  1996,  Oregon Governor John
Kitzhaber released the Oregon Coastal Salmon Restoration  Initiative
for  coho  salmon  and  steelhead  trout.   The plan's goals include
increase  enforcement  of  existing  laws,  create  local  watershed
councils, establish tax incentives for landowners and businesses who
protect or restore  salmon  habitat,  reform hatchery practices, and
eliminate illegal irrigation diversions.  [Assoc Press, Greenwire]

Dworshak Dam Release.  In  mid-August  1996,  22,000  cubic-feet-per
second  (cfs)  water  releases  began from Dworshak Dam to assist in
flushing juvenile chinook salmon downstream.  Releases will continue
at this level through the end of August, and will decrease to 14,000
cfs during early September,  until  the  reservoir  drops to 80 feed
below full.  [Assoc Press]

Canadian Aboriginal Commercial Fishery.   On  Aug.   21,  1996,  the
Supreme  Court of Canada rejected claims by British Columbia Indians
that they have an aboriginal  right  to  sell fish taken outside the
conventional commercial fishery.  However, Native  leaders  say  the
ruling  outlines  what  they  must  prove  concerning  whether  fish
bartering  or  sale  was  part  of  their  culture  before Europeans
arrived.  [Assoc Press]

Washington State  Draft  Salmon  Policy.   In  mid-August  1996, the
Washington Dept.  of Fish and Wildlife  began  circulating  a  draft
proposal  to  assist  wild salmon and steelhead trout recovery.  The
proposal would reduce salmon and  steelhead harvest by at least 25%,
reduce the production of  hatchery  fish,  require  more  and  wider
buffers along streams and wetlands, limit paving and construction to
no  more  than 10% of a watershed, toughen permit standards for well
and irrigation water  withdrawal,  and  improve enforcement of water
quality standards.  [Assoc Press, Greenwire]

Salmon Donation Program.  On Aug.   16,  1996,  NMFS  announced  the
selection  of  Northwest Food Strategies as an authorized tax-exempt
distributor  of   Pacific   salmon   to  economically  disadvantaged
individuals under the North  Pacific  Fishery  Management  Council's
Salmon  Donation  Program;  salmon  to  be  distributed are taken as
bycatch in North  Pacific  groundfisheries.  The distribution permit
is valid for 3 years.  [Fed.  Register]

Hecla  Wastewater  Violations.   On  Aug.   16,   1996,   the   U.S.
Environmental  Protection  Agency  alleged that the Hecla Mining Co.
violated its waterwater discharge permit during May 1994 and between
June 1995 and June 1996,  by discharging excessive cyanide, mercury,
and suspended solids into tributaries of the Salmon River, northeast
of Stanley, ID.  EPA is seeking a $85,000 penalty  for  the  alleged
violations.  [Assoc Press]

Alaska  Logger  Sentenced  for  Salmon Damage.  On Aug.  15, 1996, a
Homer, AK, logger  was  convicted  of  bulldozing silt into Stariski
Creek and damaging salmon spawning habitat without Alaska Dept.   of
Fish  and  Game  (ADF&G)  or AK Division of Forestry permits and, on
Aug.  19, 1996,  he  was  sentenced  to  20  days  in jail and fined
$25,000 for this crime.  In addition, the logger will be required to
remove the soil that washing into the Creek under ADF&G supervision.
[Assoc Press]

Cordova Salmon Strike.  On Aug.  11, 1996, more than 200 Cordova, AK
fishermen began a strike, refusing  to  harvest  Copper  River  coho
salmon unless processors increase the price paid for these fish from
the  40  to  50  cents  per  pound  offered  to  65 cents per pound.
Processors claim the abundant  returns  of salmon make it uneconomic
to offer a higher price.  [Assoc Press]

Western Power Blackout Impacts.  In partial response to an Aug.  10,
1996 power blackout to more than 4 million residents of the  western
United States and temporary loss of power from the Diablo Canyon, CA
nuclear  facility, Bonneville Power Administration requested of NMFS
and was granted a waiver of  the  Endangered Species Act on Aug.  12
to allow the generating station at the Dalles Dam in eastern  Oregon
to  operate  at  full  power  for  the  remainder  of the week.  The
facility  had  been  operating   at   about  one-third  capacity  in
accordance with spill criteria in salmon  recovery  measures.   NMFS
estimates  as  many  as  16,000  juvenile fall chinook salmon may be
killed each day that spills  are  not provided, including possibly 4
to 6 from a wild population listed as endangered, as  all  water  is
passed through turbines to generate electricity.  Limited spills for
juvenile  salmon migration at the Dalles Dam were begun on the night
of Aug.  14, and were to continue  for 2 days.  Water was drawn from
several upstream reservoirs to provide extra water for spills at The
Dalles Dam.  On Aug.  16,  1996,  spills  were  increased  to  their
pre-blackout  levels.   In  late  August  1996,  the  Columbia River
Alliance for Fish, Commerce, and  Communities alleged that the power
blackout was at least partially caused when the reduced power output
at The  Dalles  Dam  (due  to  spills  for  salmon)  threatened  the
stability  of  the  West Coast power system.  [Los Angeles Times and
Journal of Commerce via Greenwire, Assoc Press]

Salvage Logging.  On Aug.  6,  1996,  the 9th U.S.  Circuit Court of
Appeals, by a  3-0  ruling,  upheld  a  December  1995  lower  court
decision  allowing  salvage  logging on the Thunderbolt sale (on the
South Fork of the Salmon River, ID) and on several other sales.  The
ID Sporting Congress  and  others  argued  that erosion from logging
would damage endangered chinook  salmon  spawning  habitat.   [Boise
Idaho Statesman via Greenwire]

Salmon  River  Floatboat  Regulations.   On Aug.  15, 1996, Sawtooth
National Forest officials announced that public floaters in two days
had amassed enough violations that  closure  of a 15-mile stretch of
the upper  Salmon  River  from  the  Yankee  Fork  to  the  national
recreation area boundary was imminent In late August 1996, floatboat
outfitters   will  be  required  to  fund  a  $13,600  spawning  bed
monitoring program by the Forest  Service  and the ID Dept.  of Fish
and Game or the river will be closed to commercial  operators  after
Aug.   21.   On  Aug.   19,  1996, Sawtooth National Recreation Area
officials announced it was  closing  a  15-mile stretch of the upper
Salmon River below Sunbeam Dam to public floaters to better  protect
salmon  spawning areas.  Commercial outfitters are not restricted by
this closure.  [Assoc Press]

Record Alaska Chum and Pink Salmon Catch.  In early August 1996, the
Alaska Supreme Court declined to  hear  Earth's suit seeking to halt
roe stripping from chum  and  pink  salmon  and  dumping  of  salmon
carcasses  by  Alaska salmon hatcheries and advised Earth that their
suit should more  appropriately  be  filed  with  the state Superior
Court, which Earth declined to do.  On  Aug.   12,  1996,  an  Earth
activist  began a hunger strike to protest roe stripping and carcass
dumping.  By mid-August  1996,  9  Alaska  hatchery corporations had
sought state permission to dump pink and/or chum  salmon  carcasses.
{On  Aug  31,  1996,  Earth  activists  distributed 40,000 pounds of
excess hatchery salmon from  Alaska  free  to  about 1,500 people in
Federal Way, WA.} [Assoc Press]
....
end Part 1

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