LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 15.5

Help for FISH-SCI Archives

FISH-SCI Archives

FISH-SCI Archives


Next Message | Previous Message
Next in Topic | Previous in Topic
Next by Same Author | Previous by Same Author
Chronologically | Most Recent First
Proportional Font | Monospaced Font


Join or Leave FISH-SCI
Reply | Post New Message
Search Archives

Subject: Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Mon, 2 Dec 1996 21:35:40 GMT

text/plain (190 lines)

Date: Mon, 02 Dec 1996 09:57:43 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>

Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff

Fisheries Groups:

I'm  appending  part   of   a   regular   update  I  prepare  for
congressional staff on fisheries and marine mammal public  policy
issues as I see them .  In deference to those who have to pay for
communications time, I am including only new items added since my
last  posting,  and  a  shortened  introduction.  I will post the
entire summary and the longer introduction on the first Friday of
the month.

NOTE: Archived  copies  of  "first  Friday"  longer summaries for
February 1994 through the present are now available at:


                                Gene Buck, Senior Analyst
                                Congressional Research Service
                                e-mail:  [log in to unmask]
Summary follows:

Marine Fisheries

Swordfish and Shark Limited Access.  On Jan.   6-23,  1997,  NMFS
will  conduct  a  series of 10 public hearings along the Atlantic
coast on a proposed limited  access system for Atlantic swordfish
and Atlantic sharks.  [personal communication]

Highly Migratory Species Management.  On Dec.  9-11,  1996,  NMFS
will  hold 3 public hearings (Silver Spring, MD; St.  Petersburg,
FL; and Danvers, MA) on proposed regulations modifying management
of Atlantic bluefin  tuna,  billfishes,  and sharks, published in
the Federal Register on  Nov.   6,  1996.   This  proposal  would
consolidate  several  different sets of regulations (50 CFR Parts
285,  644,  and  678)  into   50  CFR  Part  630.   The  proposed
regulations  revise  reporting   and   monitoring   requirements,
redefine  the  "incidental"  catch  permit  category for Atlantic
tunas, address enforcement  concerns,  and remove inconsistent or
outdated language.  [personal communication]

Atlantic Swordfish Drift Gillnet Closure.   On  Nov.   29,  1996,
NMFS  announced  a 6-month closure (Dec.  1, 1996 through May 29,
1997) of the  drift  gillnet  fishery  for swordfish in Atlantic,
Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean waters under U.S.  jurisdiction  to
better  protect  endangered  right whales and loggerhead turtles.
[personal communication]

Japanese-Russian Fishery Negotiations.  On  Nov.  25, 1996, Japan
and Russia began an anticipated 2 weeks of negotiations  under  a
1984  bilateral agreement on 1997 quotas for fish harvests within
the  other's  exclusive  economic  zone.   Japan  is  expected to
discuss that nation's move to use of  a  quota  system  based  on
total allowable catch.  [Dow Jones News]

ICCAT  Meeting.  On Nov.  29, 1996, NMFS announced that ICCAT had
adopted a program for compliance  with bluefin tuna and swordfish
catch quotas by member nations.   Nations  will  be  required  to
repay  100%  for  any  overharvest  as  an  initial penalty, with
repeated overharvesting resulting in  quota reductions of 125% of
the overharvested volume and, as a last resort, import bans.   In
addition,  ICCAT authorized nations to impose import bans against
non-members Belize, Honduras, and  Panama for undermining ICCAT's
conservation measures for bluefin tuna.  Non-member Trinidad  and
Tobago  was  to  be  notified  of  ICCAT  concern  that swordfish
activities may be jeopardizing  ICCAT's conservation programs and
that continued fishing  could  lead  to  an  import  ban.   ICCAT
increased  the  annual quota for western Atlantic bluefin tuna by
150 metric tons to 2354  metric  tons, with the U.S.  share being
1344.4 metric tons.  The 1997 quota for north Atlantic  swordfish
is  11,300  metric tons, with declining quotas for 1998 and 1999.
[Assoc Press, Reuters, NOAA press release]

EU Fleet Restructuring.  On Nov.   22, 1996, EU Fisheries Council
met in Brussels to discuss a draft Irish compromise suggesting  a
20%  reduction  over  3  years  for  most  threatened fish stocks
(mackerel, herring, hake, and North  Sea cod) and a 15% reduction
for less threatened stocks (such as haddock),  with  considerable
flexibility  in  how member states choose to reduce fish harvests
through  reducing  fishing  or  reducing  capacity.   France, the
Netherlands, and the United Kingdom requested that the  1992-1996
fleet reduction program be extended an additional year; Portugal,
Spain, and Denmark claim to be the only nations to have met their
capacity  reduction  targets  under  the  1992-1996 program.  The
meeting concluded  without  agreement;  EU Fisheries Commissioner
Emma Bonino expressed disappointment that the Council was  unable
to  come  to  a  decision as the EU would not be able to continue
paying aid  to  restructure  fishing  fleets  if  no agreement is
reached by the end of the  year.   [Reuters,  Agence  Europe  via
Reuters, Financial Times via Greenwire]

EU  Satellite  Monitoring.   On  Nov.  22, 1996, the EU Fisheries
Council discussed a generalized system of satellite monitoring of
fishing activities beginning Jan.   1,  1997.  The proposal would
affect only vessels exceeding 24  meters  in  length,  and  would
exclude  short-term,  inshore fishing.  Whether or not to include
the  driftnet  fleet  in   the   initial  monitoring  scheme  was
discussed.  The discussion was  concluded  without  agreement;  a
decision  will  be  made  at  the December 1996 Fisheries Council
meeting.  The preliminary satellite  tracking system is scheduled
to begin June 30, 1998.  [Agence Europe via Reuters]

Canada-Chile Agreement.  In Ottawa  on  Nov.   18,  1996,  Canada
signed  a trade agreement with Chile, who seeks membership in the
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).  In response to this
agreement, Chilean fishmeal and salmon are among commodities that
will enter Canada without  tariff  or duties.  The agreement must
be approved by both Canada and Chile.  [Santiago El Mercurio  via
Foreign Broadcast Information Service]

LA  Gillnet  Ban  Protest.  On Nov.  17, 1996, 30 Louisiana chefs
held a benefit to express  their  concern  to the public that the
Louisiana gillnet ban is decreasing the amount  and  availability
of  local fresh fish.  Proceeds of the benefit were to be donated
to the Louisiana Seafood Management Council.  [Assoc Press]

Russian Fishery Concerns.   In  mid-November  1996, the Northeast
Atlantic  Fishing  Commission,  meeting  in  London,   passed   a
resolution  reducing  Russia's  Atlantic perch quota by 10,000 to
14,000 tons.  The deputy chairman  of the Russian State Fisheries
Committee stated that Russia would continue to harvest these fish
at what Russia considered its rightful and  legal  interest.   On
Nov.   26,  1996,  Russia  received  an official protest from the
Icelandic  government   after   Russia   expressed  concerns  and
increased efforts to exclude Icelandic trawlers from cod  fishing
in  the international waters of the Barents Sea.  In its protest,
Iceland threatened to close its  ports to Russian perch trawlers.
Russia is concerned over Iceland's increasing cod harvests  since
1993  from  international  waters in the Barents Sea.  Russia and
Norway have both also asked  Iceland  to cease fishing for cod in
the central Barents Sea in trilateral  discussions.   In  October
1996,  Russia recommended that its fishermen cease delivering cod
to Icelandic processors.  [Interfax]

Essential Fish Habitat.   On  Nov.   8,  1996,  NMFS published an
advanced notice of proposed  rulemaking  requesting  comments  by
Dec.   9,  1996,  on  proposed  guidelines  for  implementing the
provisions  of  the  Magnuson-Stevens  Fishery  Conservation  and
Management  Act  relating  to  identification  and  protection of
essential fish habitat.  [Federal Register]

Hardhead Catfish Deaths.  In early November 1996, a large  number
of  hardhead  catfish  were  found  dead  near the border between
Cameron and Willacy Counties, TX.   This appears to be related to
other instances of hardhead catfish mortality across the Gulf  of
Mexico that cannot be directly attributed to red tide.  The cause
of the mortalities is unknown.  [Assoc Press]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

Copper  River  Salmon.  On Nov.  23-24, 1996, the Alaska Board of
Fisheries held hearings in  Fairbanks  to  take public comment on
possible changes in salmon allocation between subsistence, sport,
and commercial users on the Copper River.  [Assoc Press]

WA Salmon Habitat  Protection.   In  mid-November  1996,  the  WA
Forest Practices Board adopted a stream-protection rule developed
as  a  compromise  by  Timber,  Fish and Wildlife, an association
formed to seek  consensus  on  controversial habitat issues.  The
new rule makes it  a  presumption  that  a  stream  with  certain
physical  characteristics supports fish, unless proven otherwise.
Such a rule could  make  it  easier  to protect fish habitat from
streamside logging.  [Assoc Press]

Canadian Salmon Fleet Restructuring.  On Nov.  25, 1996, Canadian
government officials confirmed that the assistance  announced  on
Nov.  6, 1996, was from existing unemployment insurance funds and
not any new funds.  [Assoc Press]

WA  Timberlands Habitat Conservation Plan.  On Nov.  5, 1996, the
WA Board of Natural Resources  signed  an agreement for a habitat
conservation plan with NMFS  and  the  U.S.   Fish  and  Wildlife
Service for management of 1.63 million acres of state timberlands
as  a cohesive ecosystem of watersheds for at least 70 years.  On
Nov.  26, 1996, a coalition  of local governments filed suit with
the WA Supreme Court  asking  that  the  state  be  blocked  from
entering  into the habitat conservation plan, contending that the
Board  of   Natural   Resources   filed   to  consider  important
information concerning the state's duty to  manage  state  timber
resources appropriately for generating revenues to finance public
schools and other programs.  [Assoc Press]

Items in this summary are excerpted from a variety of information
sources.    The  Congressional  Research  Service  (CRS)  is  not
responsible for the accuracy of the various news items.

Back to: Top of Message | Previous Page | Main FISH-SCI Page



CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager