LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 15.5

Help for FISH-SCI Archives

FISH-SCI Archives

FISH-SCI Archives


Next Message | Previous Message
Next in Topic | Previous in Topic
Next by Same Author | Previous by Same Author
Chronologically | Most Recent First
Proportional Font | Monospaced Font


Join or Leave FISH-SCI
Reply | Post New Message
Search Archives

Subject: Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 20 Dec 1996 20:07:08 GMT

text/plain (191 lines)

Date: Fri, 20 Dec 1996 12:54:47 -0500
From: Gene Buck <[log in to unmask]>

Info Summary for U.S. Congress and Staff

Fisheries Groups:

I'm appending part of  a  regular  update  I prepare for congressional
staff on fisheries and marine mammal public policy  issues  as  I  see
them .  In deference to those who have to pay for communications time,
I  am  including  only  new  items  added since my last posting, and a
shortened introduction.  I will post the entire summary and the longer
introduction on the first Friday of the month.

NOTE: Archived copies of "first  Friday" longer summaries for February
1994 through the present are now available at:


                            Gene Buck, Senior Analyst
                            Congressional Research Service
                            e-mail:  [log in to unmask]

NOTE: There will be no weekly summary provided on Dec.  27, 1996.  The
next weekly summary will be the longer version provided  on  Jan.   3,

Summary follows:

Marine Fisheries

Proposed  Shark  Regulations.   ON  DEC.  19, 1996, NMFS ANNOUNCED new
proposed regulations  to  better  protect  and  rebuild Atlantic shark
populations.   The  new  regulations  propose  to  reduce  the  annual
commercial quota for large coastal sharks by  50%,  prohibit  directed
commercial  fishing  for  five species of sharks (basking, whale, sand
tiger, bigeye sand tiger, and white sharks), reduce the sport catch of
sharks, establish an annual commercial quota for small coastal sharks,
establish a tag-and-release  sport  fishery  for white shark, prohibit
filleting of  sharks  at  sea,  and  improve  shark  data  collection.
[Center for Marine Conservation press release, personal communication,
NOAA press release]

New  TED  Regulations for Shrimpers.  On Dec.  18, 1996, the Dept.  of
Commerce published new regulations  for turtle excluder devices (TEDs)
that establish Shrimp Fishery/Sea Turtle Conservation Areas within  10
nautical miles of the coasts of Texas and Louisiana (west of the mouth
of  the  Mississippi River) as well as the coasts of Georgia and South
Carolina.  After Mar.  1,  1997,  and within these Conservation Areas,
use of soft (flexible)  TEDs  will  be  prohibited,  modifications  of
bottom-opening  hard TEDs will be required, and hard (rigid) TEDs will
be required in trynets with  headrope lengths exceeding 12 feet.  NMFS
researchers will continue to work on improving the performance of soft
TEDs.   [NOAA  press  release,  Assoc   Press,   Center   for   Marine
Conservation press release]

Oregon  Crab  Price-Fixing  Lawsuit.   On Dec.  17, 1996, the State of
Oregon filed suit against  two  crab fishermen, alleging participation
in a price-fixing conspiracy to keep crabbers  from  negotiating  with
processors  for  the  best available price during the 1995-96 crabbing
season.   Ten  other  individuals  are  alleged  to  have  reached  an
out-of-court settlement  with  the  state,  each  paying  $9,100.  The
lawsuit seeks an injunction against future unlawful conduct,  as  much
as  $100,000 in penalties for each violation, a one-year suspension of
each fishing license,  and  reimbursement  for court and investigation
costs.  [Assoc Press]

        Right  Whale  Protection.   On  Dec.   16,  1996,  the  State   of
Massachusetts,  in  response to a federal court order, submitted plans
to require a modification to weaken lobster fishing buoy lines used in
Cape Cod Bay that  might  entangle  right whales.  Lobstermen would be
required to weaken  buoy  lines  by  February  1997,  with  the  State
developing  a  special  weak buoy line to be required by January 1998.
Floating lines will also have  to  be replaced by sinking lines.  Gear
restrictions to protect whales would be required from January  through
mid-May  annually.   U.S.   District  Judge  Douglas  P. Woodlock must
approve the state's  proposed  plan.   Gillnet  fishing  would also be
banned in state waters frequented by whales.  On Dec.  16, 1996,  NMFS
announced  its intention to close the Great South Channel east of Cape
Cod to gillnet and lobster fishing from April 1 to June 30 annually to
protect right whales.  [Assoc Press, Boston Globe via Greenwire]

Canadian Fisheries  Violations  Down.   On  Dec.   16,  1996, Canadian
Fisheries  Minister  Fred  Mifflin  announced  that  foreign   fishing
violations  along Canada's Atlantic EEZ had declined from 58 two years
ago to only 3 this year.  [Assoc Press]

Canadian Shark Violation.   On  Dec.   13,  1996, the Japanese vessel,
Shoshin Maru No.  38, and its crew were  released  on  C$115,000  bail
after  being  questioned about alleged illegal dumping of dead sharks.
The court ruling on this  case  may  not  be delivered until May 1997.
[Dow Jones News]

        Frozen Atlantic Cod  Fillet  Imports.   On  Dec.   13,  1996,  the
Seafood  Market  Analyst  reported  that  frozen  Atlantic  cod fillet
imports had increased 4.8% by volume (and increased 6.2% in value) for
the first 9 months  of  1996,  compared  to  a similar period in 1995.
Iceland, Canada,  and  Norway  are  the  primary  suppliers,  together
accounting  for  about  95%  of  all  such  imports.   [Seafood Market

Chesapeake Bay.  On Dec.  17, 1996, the VA Marine Resources Commission
voted to continue  pot  limits  in  effect  during  1995  and 1996 for
crabbers during the 1997 season.  [Assoc Press]

Bering Sea/Gulf of Alaska Pollock Quotas.   On  Dec.   13,  1996,  the
NPFMC  decreased the 1997 Bering Sea pollock quota by 5%; on Dec.  14,
1996, the NPFMC increased the much smaller 1997 Gulf of Alaska pollock
quota by 45% (from 54,810 metric  tons to 79,890 metric tons).  [Assoc
Press, Anchorage Daily News via Greenwire]

EU Fleet Restructuring.  On Dec.  19, 1996, the EU's Fisheries Council
agreed to postpone until Apr.  30, 1997, its decision on the new fleet
restructuring phase.  On Dec.  20, 1996, the Fisheries Council  agreed
to  measures easing 1997 catch quota reductions -- the quota for North
Sea sole was not cut in  half  (to  12,000 metric tons) but this quota
was reduced to 18,000 metric tons.  Italy and Greece  were  successful
in  defeating  quotas  on tuna in the Mediterranean.  [Reuters, Agence
Europe via Reuters]

EU Satellite Monitoring.  On Dec.   19, 1996, The EU Fisheries Council
agreed, by a qualified majority, to establish a  satellite  monitoring
system  to  monitor  fishing  vessel  location.   Italy  supported the
proposal after receiving a pledge of 100 million ECUs aid over 3 years
for  converting  driftnet  fishermen  to  other  gear.   The  Spanish,
Italian, and Dutch fleets would be the largest in the tracking system.
[Agence Europe via Reuters]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

Columbia Basin Ecosystem Report.  On  Dec.   18,  1996, a team of U.S.
Forest Service/Bureau of Land  Management  scientists  released  their
"Interior   Columbia   Basin  Ecosystem  Management  Project"  report,
concluding that wild salmon populations inhabit less than 33% of their
historic range, but that  enough  habitat  remains to possibly rebuild
healthy populations.  In addition, the report concluded  that  habitat
restoration   and  protection  alone  will  not  ensure  healthy  fish
populations, but  that  the  effects  of  dams,  hatcheries,  and fish
harvest must be addressed.  Wild salmon are doing best in  areas  with
the fewest roads.  [Assoc Press]

WA  Timberlands  Habitat Conservation Plan.  On Dec.  13, 1996, the WA
Supreme Court rejected the  plaintiffs  request for injunctive relief,
ruling that the petitioners had failed to show they would  suffer  any
actual and substantial injury.  [Assoc Press]

Canadian  Salmon  Fleet Restructuring.  On Dec.  13, 1996, a report by
the President  of  Memorial  Univ.   of  St.   Johns, Newfoundland was
released, recommending that fishermen be  given  a  stronger  role  in
catch  allocation  decision-making,  that  sport  fish license fees be
increased, that recreational fishing  be  given a higher priority when
fish stocks are low in abundance, that a long-term  allocation  policy
be  developed  to  give all sectors knowledge of future catch sharing,
and  that  commercial  fishermen   should  be  fairly  compensated  if
displaced by new salmon allocation rules.  [Assoc Press]

Freshwater Fisheries

Basin Creek Restoration.  Jan.  6, 1997 is  the  deadline  for  public
comment  on a proposal by Bridger-Teton National Forest (WY) officials
to destroy  and  relocate  a  portion  of  Basin  Creek  Road to allow
restoration of 680 feet of Basin Creek to  restore  natural  flow  and
improve habitat for eastern brook trout.  [Assoc Press]

Indiana  Suspends Yellow Perch Fishing in Lake Michigan.  On Dec.  19,
1996, Indiana Dept.   of  Natural  Resources  officials announced that
Indiana would join Wisconsin to prohibit commercial  fishing  for  and
reduce  the  sport  harvest  of yellow perch in Lake Michigan in 1997.
The Lake Michigan perch population  is  reported to have decreased 80%
since 1990.  [Assoc Press]

Bull Trout.  In mid-December  1996,  U.S.   Forest  Service  officials
approved  a  land  swap  to protect bull trout spawning habitat on Elk
Creek, near Flathead National Forest,  MT.   In exchange for 960 acres
of Forest Service land, Plum Creek Timber Co.  will  give  the  Forest
Service 1,574 acres around Elk Creek.  [Assoc Press]

Apalachicola  River  Water Shares.  In early December 1996, the states
of Alabama, Georgia, and  Florida  agreed  to  appoint a commission to
decide by December 1998  how  the  water  in  the  Apalachicola  River
drainage  should  be  allocated  among  competing  interests.   Oyster
harvesters   in   Apalachicola   Bay  are  critically  dependent  upon
sufficient freshwater runoff to  maintain  the proper salinity balance
in the estuary.  After state legislatures approve any allocation plan,
Congress must approve the compact.  [Assoc Press]

Items in this summary are excerpted  from  a  variety  of  information
sources.   The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is not responsible
for the accuracy of the various news items.

Back to: Top of Message | Previous Page | Main FISH-SCI Page



CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager