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Subject: Re: Native Fishery Managers
From: Patricia Clay <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Thu, 5 Dec 1996 16:42:57 -0500
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> From [log in to unmask] Thu Dec  5 16:35:57 1996
> Mime-Version: 1.0
> Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7Bit
> X-Beyondmail-Priority: 1
> Conversation-Id: <199612051529.KAA23660@atlantis>
> Subject: Re: Native American Fishery Managers?
> Comments: cc: [log in to unmask]
> To: Multiple recipients of list FISHFOLK <[log in to unmask]>
>
> The key portion of Aldo-Pier Soleri's query was:
>
> >  > I would like to know if there are any fishery policies, in the US
> >  > or elsewhere, set up _by and for_ the indians.   The  aim  is  to
> >  > attempt  learning  their  ancient  views  (ecological philosophy,
> >  > etc.) on exploitation of fish resources.
>
> In the northwestern US those Indian tribes which made treaties with the US in
> the mid-1800s have legally established authority and responsibility for
> comanagement of the fishery resources with the state governments.  Therefore,
> any policies that apply to the shared resources (such as escapement policies
> for salmon) are jointly set up and adopted by the Indian and non-Indian
> managers.
> The technical basis for these policies necessarily reflects a mostly modern
> world view since the ancient world view does not hold much weight in the US
> federal court which is the arbitrer of disputes over the interpretation of
> treaty rights.  One consequence of this is that the tribes are forced to hire
> biologists (such as myself) who are well versed in the modern reductionistic
> scientific world view.  Also, the tribal responsibility for fishery management
> is carried out under the authority of the tribal governments which were set up
> under great influence from the US Bureau of Indian affairs, and therefore
> reflect the non-Indian, more than the Indian, philosophy.
>
> Nonetheless individual tribal members and tribal leaders still carry on
ancient
> traditions related to natural resources.  For example, the Tulalip Tribes
still
> hold a First Salmon Ceremony each spring to celebrate the annual renewal of
the
> cycle.  The ceremony reflects the reverence and respect the people have always
> held for the resource, and the ancient songs and dances are combined with
> modern speeches reaffirming importance of restoring and maintaining the
> resource today.
> Ceremonies such as this one perhaps provide a glimpse into ecological
> philosophies prevalent in this area before the arrrival of Europeans.
> Unfortunately the vast majority of non-Indian citizens in this area are so
busy
> devising their own schemes for "saving" the salmon and other species that they
> do not have time to  learn what they can from the relics of ancient wisdom
that
> is available from their native neighbors.
>
> >  > This could be an interesting opportunity to, perhaps, incorporate
> >  > ancient ecological knowledge  into  our reductionistic scientific
> >  > world.
>
> There is an internet discussion group whose subject is indigenous knowledge
> applied to natural resource management.  You can subscribe by sending eMail to
> [log in to unmask]  with "subscribe indknow <firstname> <lastname>" in
> the body of the message.  Currently this is a fairly low-traffic list.
>
> Kit Rawson
> Tulalip Tribes
> Marysville, WA  USA
> (360) 651-4478    [log in to unmask]
>

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