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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 3/3
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 25 Apr 1997 19:53:23 GMT

text/plain (196 lines)

Date: Fri, 25 Apr 1997 12:12:46 -0400
From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

AK Shellfish Case.   On  Apr.   11,  1997,  the  AK Supreme Court
unanimously held that the AK Dept.  of  Natural  Resources  (DNR)
had  failed  to  identify  discrete zones where shellfish farming
could occur in Southcentral and  Southeast  AK, and acted only on
the basis of administrative efficiency.  A group of fishermen and
other marine users filed suit after the DNR designated all waters
of Southcentral and Southeast AK  as  districts  where  shellfish
farms  could  be  started, contending that certain regions should
not be open for shellfish  farms.  The Court rejected claims that
the state's permitting regulations were flawed.  [Assoc Press]

BC Salmon  Farmers'  Report.   On  Apr.   9,  1997,  the  British
Columbia    Salmon   Farmers   Association   released   a   draft
comprehensive review  of  salmon  farming  and  called  on the BC
government to lift the moratorium on new salmon farms, since  the
draft  was  reported  to  have  concluded that salmon farms don't
endanger wild salmon stocks.   The  final  report  is due in June
1997.  [Assoc Press]

Gulf of Maine Aquarium.  On Apr.  2, 1997, plans  are  reportedly
scheduled to be announced to the effect that the $42 million Gulf
of  Maine  Aquarium  will  be constructed at the site of the U.S.
Naval Reserve Pier in Portland, ME.  [Assoc Press]

Freshwater Fisheries

{Red Lakes Commercial Fishery.  On  Apr.   19, 1997, the Red Lake
Band of Chippewa Fisheries Association voted to cancel  its  1997
commercial  fishing  season  on  Upper  and  Lower Red Lakes, MN,
because of  declining  walleye,  perch,  and crappie populations.
The Red Lakes fishery is reported to be the only commercial  U.S.
walleye fishery and largest Tribal fishery on the continent; this
is  the  first  closure since 1929 when the Band began exercising
Treaty fishing rights.} [Assoc Press]

Lake Superior Commercial Fishing Buyout.   On Apr.  17, 1997, the
WI Legislature's Joint Committee on Administrative Rules  held  a
hearing  to  receive  testimony  on  funding  for a 10-year, $1.5
million  plan  to  compensate   11  fishermen  for  discontinuing
commercial fishing in Lake Superior.  The  state  has  contracted
with  the  fishermen  for  retirement, but these agreements would
terminate if funds  for  compensation  are not available.  [Assoc

{CITES Proposal - Freshwater Mussels.  On  Apr.   16,  1997,  the
U.S.  Fish and Wildlife Service announced that it had submitted a
proposal to remove three species of freshwater mussels from CITES
(Convention  on  International  Trade  in  Endangered  Species of
Wildlife Fauna and Flora) Appendix II.} [Federal Register]

{CITES Proposal - Sturgeons.  On  Apr.   16, 1997, the U.S.  Fish
and Wildlife Service announced that it would co-sponsor a  German
proposal   to   list   all  sturgeons  on  CITES  (Convention  on
International Trade in Endangered  Species  of Wildlife Fauna and
Flora) Appendix II.} [Federal Register]

Constitutional Right to Fish.  On Apr.   9,  1997,  the  Colorado
state  Senate's  Committee on Agriculture, Natural Resources, and
Energy Committee approved  SCR001  for  consideration by the full
Senate.  If approved by the legislature, this measure would place
a voter referendum on the Nov.  1998 statewide ballot  asking  if
hunting  and fishing should be constitutionally protected rights.
[Assoc Press]

Alabama Sturgeon.  On Apr.   8,  1997, the first Alabama sturgeon
was caught in the Alabama River for use in a $400,000 cooperative
state-federal captive breeding program to  recover  the  species.
[Assoc Press]

Bull  Trout.   On  Apr.   7,  1997,  the  U.S.  Fish and Wildlife
Service filed a brief informing  Judge Jones that it will propose
listing Klamath River and Columbia River bull  trout  populations
as endangered or threatened species.  [Assoc Press, NW Fishletter
No.  30]

Fishing  Access.  On Apr.  4, 1997, the Madison County (MT) Board
of Commissioners held a two-hour hearing and unanimously voted to
repeal a  September  1995  ordinance  prohibiting landowners from
constructing fences designed to hinder fisherman access on county
rights-of-way easements near bridges.  After  the  ordinance  was
originally  enacted,  five  landowners  filed  suit  against  the
County,  claiming  the  ordinance  condemned  a  portion of their
property without providing  compensation.   These landowners said
they would drop their lawsuit  if  the  ordinance  was  repealed.
[Assoc Press]

Chippewa  Treaty  Fishing.   On  Apr.   2, 1997, the MN Dept.  of
Natural Resources held the first of 7 public information meetings
scheduled to explain Treaty fishing  rights before the 8 Chippewa
bands begin spearfishing and gillnetting on Lake Mille  Lacs  and
28  other  central  MN lakes.  On Apr.  7, 1997, MN Governor Arne
Carlson gave a  statewide  televised  address during evening news
broadcasts to stress  the  importance  of  avoiding  tension  and
preventing  violence in implementing treaty fishing rights.  Both
the MN House and  Senate  have  approved spending $6.5 million to
help with Treaty enforcement, but differ  on  from  what  account
these  funds  are  to  be  taken.  On Apr.  9, 1997, the 8th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals ordered a stay on the exercise of Treaty
fishing rights by 8 Chippewa  bands  in east-central MN until the
Court had the opportunity to rule on the state  of  MN's  appeal.
Arguments  on  the  appeal  are  scheduled for June 1997.  [Assoc

Fishing Access Purchase.  On  Mar.   31, 1997, NY Governor George
Pataki announced that NY will purchase $1 million worth of public
fishing access rights during the next fiscal year.  The  purchase
would  be  funded  by  money approved by voters in the 1996 Clean
Water-Clean Air Bond Act.  [Assoc Press]

Marine Mammals

Polar  Bear   Hearing.    The   House   Resources  Committee  has
tentatively scheduled a hearing for Apr.  30, 1997,  on  H.J.Res.
59,  a joint resolution to disapprove a rule affecting polar bear
trophies from  Canada  issued  by  the  U.S.   Fish  and Wildlife
Service.  [personal communication]

{CITES Proposal - Walrus.  On Apr.  16, 1997, the U.S.  Fish  and
Wildlife Service announced that it would not submit a proposal to
list  walrus  on  CITES  (Convention  on  International  Trade in
Endangered Species of  Wildlife  Fauna  and  Flora) Appendix II.}
[Federal Register]

{Illegal Polar Bear Hide.  On Apr.  14, 1997, an OR man was fined
$2,000, ordered to perform 200 hours of  community  service,  and
placed  on probation for 3 years after pleading guilty in federal
District Court  to  illegally  buying  a  polar  bear  hide.  The
individual stated that he intended to use the hair to make  flies
for fishing.} [Assoc Press]

Dolphin  Interaction.   On  Apr.   10, 1997, Sea World of Florida
began a Dolphin  Interaction  Program, wherein eight participants
pay for a day of education about and interaction  with  dolphins.
[Sea World of Florida press release]

Tuna-Dolphin  Legislation.  On Apr.  9, 1997, the House Resources
Subcommittee on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans held
a  hearing  on  H.R.   408,   amendments  to  the  Marine  Mammal
Protection Act to support the International Dolphin  Conservation
Program.   On Apr.  10, 1997, the House Resources Subcommittee on
Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and  Oceans marked-up H.R.  408
and  approved  this  measure  for  consideration  by   the   full
Committee.   On  Apr.   16  1997,  the  House Resources Committee
marked-up H.R.  408 and  ordered  the  bill reported.  The Senate
Commerce Subcommittee on Oceans and Fisheries postponed a hearing
on S. 39, amendments to the Marine Mammal Protection Act relating
to the International Dolphin Conservation Program, scheduled  for
Apr.  17, 1997.  [personal communication, Congressional Record]

Mexican  Whale  and Dolphin Emergency.  On Apr.  7, 1997, Mexican
environmental authorities reported  that  162 dolphins found dead
on Gulf of California beaches earlier this year probably had been
killed by red tide toxins, discounting  earlier  reports  that  a
toxic  spill  or  cyanide  chemicals used by drug traffickers had
caused these deaths.  [Assoc Press]

Atlantic  Large  Whale  Protection.    On  Apr.   7,  1997,  NMFS
published  a  proposed  take  reduction  plan  and   implementing
regulations  for  northern  right  whales,  humpback  whales, fin
whales, and  minke  whales  in  the  Federal  Register that would
restrict fishing times in whale habitat off New England  and  the
mid-Atlantic  in  Cape  Cod  Bay,  the  Great  South Channel, and
several other  areas.   In  addition,  fishing  gear modification
would be required to allow whales to break free of gear  in  case
of  incidental  entanglement,  and  response  and  assistance for
entangled whales would be  improved.  Maine officials contend the
required gear modification will cost the lobster industry between
$40 million and $70 million.  Public comments  will  be  received
until May 15, 1997.  [Assoc Press, Federal Register]

Whaling  Protester.  On Apr.  3, 1997, Dutch police arrested Paul
Watson on a  Norwegian  warrant  issued  by Interpol.  Watson was
convicted in absentia in May 1994 for participating in sinking  a
Norwegian   whaling  vessel.   Watson  is  being  held  by  Dutch
authorities while a Dutch court  decides whether to extradite him
to  Norway.   {A  court  hearing  on  extradition  to  Norway  is
tentatively scheduled for May 26, 1997.  Lofoten  Islands  police
have announced that legal proceedings in Lofoten County Court are
scheduled against Watson in Norway on Sept.  1, 1997, relating to
alleged negligent navigation and collision with a Norwegian coast
guard  vessel in the summer of 1994.  Compensation for damages of
$120,000 with possible interest  is  sought by the Norwegian Navy
for this collision.} [Assoc Press, High North Alliance News]

Canadian Sealing.  On Mar.  29, 1997, the International Fund  for
Animal  Welfare released a video claiming to show illegal hunting
of young, whitecoat seals by sealers in the Gulf of St.  Lawrence
in  mid-March  1997.   Federal  authorities  reported  that  some
white-looking seals can be older and technically not the younger,
whitecoat seals.  [Assoc Press]
end of Part 3/3

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