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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 2/3
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Mon, 7 Apr 1997 15:00:21 GMT

text/plain (302 lines)

Date: Mon, 7 Apr 1997 09:21:08 -0400
From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

Red  Snapper  Peer  Review  Panels.   On  Mar.   10,  1997,  NMFS
announced that it is seeking nominations for 3 peer review panels
authorized under section  407(a)  of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery
Conservation and Management Act to review of  red  snapper  stock
management in the Gulf of Mexico.  [Federal Register]

Canadian  Groundfish  Enforcement.   On  Mar.  10, 1997, Canadian
Fisheries Minister Fred Mifflin reported that the Spanish trawler
Hermanos Gandon IV  was  fined  and  had  its  license revoked by
Spanish authorities after it was reported by Canadian  inspectors
on  Feb.   27  and  confirmed by EU inspectors on Mar.  1 to have
underlogged its catch of Greenland halibut (turbot) in waters off
Canada's east coast.  [Reuters]

Russia  Seizes  Polish  Trawler.    On  Mar.   9,  1997,  Russian
authorities in Moscow announced that the Polish vessel seized  in
the Sea of Okhotsk had been ordered released.  However, Kamchatka
regional authorities ordered the Aquarius to Petropavlovsk, where
the local prosecutor's office was investigating the incident.  On
Mar.  20, 1997, Polish officials delivered an official protest to
Russia  on  detention  of the Aquarius and demanding its release.
On Mar.   21,  1997,  Kamchatka  authorities  released the Polish
fishing vessel Aquarius, after Poland agreed to pay $100,000  for
its  release.   [Warsaw  PAP,  Warsaw Polskie Radio First Program
Network, and  Warsaw  Third  Program  Radio  Network  via Foreign
Broadcast Information Service, Reuters, Interfax]

Tuna and Consumers.  On  Mar.   7,  1997,  U.S.   Food  and  Drug
Administration  officials  warned  that  consumers  sensitive  to
sulfites  should  temporarily avoid canned albacore (white) tuna,
after the tuna industry  reported  on  Mar.   6 that, without its
knowledge, sulfites had been added to  a  vegetable  protein  raw
material used in canning tuna.  Tuna industry officials announced
that special labels would be immediately placed on canned tuna to
provide  warning, but that tuna will again be sulfite-free within
a short time.  On Mar.   19,  1997,  British doctors wrote in the
Journal of Accident and Emergency Medicine  that  food  poisoning
(scombrotoxin  poisoning)  from  tuna  and  related  fish is more
common  than   formerly   believed   because   the  condition  is
mis-diagnosed.  [Reuters]

Fishing Gear  Review.   On  Mar.   7,  1997,  Canada's  Fisheries
Resource  Conservation  Council released a report concluding that
new fishing technology  and  equipment  should  be  reviewed by a
special panel before being allowed in the fishery, to assure that
new gear is conservation-friendly and does not  adversely  affect
fishery  resources  or their habitat.  The report also recommends
strategies  for  each  gear  type  to  better  protect groundfish
stocks.  [Assoc Press]

Illegal Scallop Labeling.  On Mar.  7, 1997, a VA seafood company
agreed to pay a $54,272 fine in U.S.  District Court for  alleged
mislabeling of scallops, switching uninspected seafood into boxes
marked  as  "FDA  approved"  and  not  noting  the  use of sodium
tripolyphosphate to increase the  moisture content in scallops on
labels.  U.S.  Customs agents indicated  that  other  individuals
and corporations may be charged for similar activities within the
next few months.  [Assoc Press]

NC  Shrimp  Trawl  Ban.  On Mar.  7, 1997, NC officials announced
that a ban  on  shrimp  trawling  south  of  Cape Hatteras was no
longer necessary, and was being dropped.   In  response  to  this
action,  the  NC  Fisheries  Assoc.   agreed  to drop its lawsuit
against the State.  [Assoc Press]

SC  Shrimping  Moratorium?   On  Mar.   7,  1997,  the  SC Marine
Advisory Committee voted to support a resolution drafted  by  the
SC  Shrimpers  Assoc.   calling  for  a  2-year moratorium on new
shrimping licenses.  The proposal would be submitted to the State
Legislature in an effort  to  forestall an influx of out-of-state
trawlers, make licensed  trawlers  more  profitable,  and  better
protect sea turtles.  [Assoc Press]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

{Salmon  Habitat Restoration.  The May 1997 issue of Fisheries is
reported to be publishing the results of a study by three Pacific
Northwest  fishery  scientists   concluding  that  few  in-stream
habitat enhancement  projects  have  resulted  in  any  long-term
success  for the fish.  To succeed, such efforts must be combined
with  restoration  of  ecological  processes  within  the  entire
watershed.} [Assoc Press]

{Hatchery  Coho  Salmon  Lawsuit.    On  Apr.   2,  1997,  Tribal
officials announced an agreement with state and federal officials
for the  release  of  8.5  million  juvenile  coho  salmon  above
Bonneville  Dam  this spring in compliance with the 1988 Columbia
River Fish Management Plan.} [Assoc Press]

{Bristol Bay  Salmon  Price-Fixing  Lawsuit.   On  Apr.  1, 1997,
letters were mailed to 6,000 Bristol Bay salmon fishermen who had
driftnet  and  setnet  permit  holders  between  1989  and  1995,
explaining the pending $1  billion  lawsuit  in  Alaska  Superior
Court  charging  more  than  60  seafood  processors and Japanese
trading companies  of  conspiring  to  pay  fishermen  unfair low
prices.} [Assoc Press]

{Alleged NAFTA Violation by  BC  Hydro.   On  Apr.   1,  1997,  a
coalition  of  U.S.   and  Canadian  conservation,  fishing,  and
aboriginal groups announced their intention of filing a complaint
on  Apr.   2,  1997, asking that the North American Commission on
Environmental Cooperation  (an  oversight  panel  under the North
American  Free  Trade  Agreement)  investigate  allegations  that
Canada has failed to enforce federal regulations on BC  Hydro  to
benefit  salmon and other fish.  The coalition claims that, while
U.S.  power producers  have  been  forced  to alter operations to
protect salmon, Canadian dam operation  has  not  been  similarly
modified  to benefit salmon.  Groups in the coalition include the
Aboriginal Fisheries Commission of  British Columbia, the British
Columbia Wildlife Federation,  the  Columbia  River  Inter-Tribal
Fisheries   Commission,   the  Sierra  Club,  the  Pacific  Coast
Federation of  Fishermen's  Associations,  and  Trout Unlimited's
Spokane, WA Chapter.  Specific concerns relate to  how  BC  Hydro
stores and releases water -- critics contend that BC Hydro spills
water  at  times  when  it  should be stored for fish rearing and
stores  water  when  it  should  be  released  to  assist  salmon
migration.} [Assoc Press, Dow Jones News]

1995 Biological  Opinion  Lawsuit.   On  Mar.   31,  1997, {Judge
Malcolm  Marsh  questioned  attorneys  at  a  hearing}  in   U.S.
District  Court  in Portland, OR, on the 1995 lawsuit by American
Rivers, the  Sierra  Club,  and  {8  other  groups}  against NMFS
challenging implementation of NMFS's 1995 biological  opinion  on
operation  of  the  Columbia  and  Snake River hydropower system.
{The groups are seeking to have Judge Marsh order the drawdown of
reservoirs closer to the  natural  pre-dam  state of the river to
assist juvenile salmon migration.  ON APR.  3, 1997, JUDGE  MARSH
[NW Fishletter No.  30, Assoc Press]

Idaho's  1997  Salmon  Plan.  On Mar.  27, 1997, ID Governor Phil
Batt released the  state's  1997  strategy for salmon management,
relying on heavy spring runoff  to  carry  most  juvenile  salmon
downstream and minimizing the use of barges.  When the flow is at
least  100,000  cubic  feet  per second at Lower Granite Dam, the
strategy recommends  that  only  one-third  of  the  juveniles be
barged.  The strategy recommends against  using  reservoir  water
from  the  Clearwater  River  Basin or from the Snake River above
Hell's Canyon to benefit fall chinook salmon.  [Assoc Press]

WA Salmon Report.  On Mar.  27,  1997,  the WA Dept.  of Fish and
Wildlife released a draft report on restoration of  wild  salmon.
The report recommended a separate management of wild and hatchery
salmon, adoption and enforcement of regulations to better control
catastrophic  floods  that  damage spawning areas, enforcement of
laws requiring proper culverts  and  other potential obstacles to
salmon migration, and giving  escapement  for  spawning  priority
over  harvest.  Ten public hearings are scheduled to be conducted
on the draft during April and  May, with a revised version of the
draft to be acted upon by the WA Fish  and  Wildlife  Commission.
[Assoc Press]

Dam  Operation  Lawsuits.   On  Mar.   20, 1997, a coalition of 8
fishing and  environmental  groups  (including  the Pacific Coast
Federation of Fishermen's Associations, Trout  Unlimited,  Sierra
Club,  American  Rivers,  and  others)  notified  the  Bureau  of
Reclamation  of  their  intent  to  sue  the agency for allegedly
failing to take sufficient  action  to  manage irrigation and dam
operations to protect Snake  River  salmon.   These  groups  also
filed  a  notice  of  intent to sue the Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission (FERC)  for  allegedly  failing  to  ensure that Idaho
Power Co.  Dams did not jeopardize  migrating  salmon.   On  Mar.
26,  1997,  the  Columbia  River  Alliance (representing electric
utilities, barge operators,  and  irrigators)  filed  a notice of
intent to sue NMFS, the Army Corps of Engineers,  the  Bureau  of
Reclamation,  and  Bonneville Power Administration over equitable
consideration for  the  economic  aspects  of  irrigation and dam
operations.  [Assoc Press]

Northwest Forest Plan.  On Mar.   18,  1997,  NMFS  endorsed  the
Clinton  Administration's  Northwest Forest Plan for U.S.  Forest
Service  and  Bureau  of  Land  Management  federal  lands  as an
excellent anchor for salmon recovery  efforts  in  Oregon.   This
conclusion  will allow NMFS to streamline consultation on federal
projects  potentially  affecting   species  protected  under  the
Endangered Species Act.  [Assoc Press]

March 1996 Salmon Suit.  On Mar.  17, 1997, Federal Judge Malcolm
Marsh is scheduled to hear arguments on the  March  1996  lawsuit
wherein  tribal  and  environmental  groups  allege  that federal
managers are too slow  and  unfocused in pursuing salmon recovery
measures.  [Assoc Press]

AK Salmon Marketing Proposals.  In mid-March 1997, the  State  of
Alaska  released  a report of a January 1997 meeting on proposals
to help market AK salmon.   The  report  stated that the AK Dept.
of Fish and Game would include peak fish quality  as  a  criteria
for  timing  salmon  harvest  periods,  and  that  the  Dept.  of
Commerce and  Economic  Development  would  work  with the Alaska
Seafood Marketing Institute to develop a quality  grading  scale.
In  addition,  state officials would ease the inspection schedule
for   major   processing    plants   and   streamline   reporting
requirements.  [Assoc Press]

OR Coho Salmon  Recovery  Plan.   In  mid-March  1997,  OR  state
legislators  revised  their  funding  proposal for the Governor's
salmon recovery plan,  guaranteeing  the  first $15 million while
providing the remaining $15 million contingent upon  the  federal
government not listing central and northern OR coastal coho under
the Endangered Species Act.  On Mar.  17, 1997, the OR chapter of
the  American  Fisheries  Society  (AFS)  wrote  a letter to NMFS
expressing concerns that  the  governor's coho salmon restoration
plan does not provide necessary guidance or strength  to  recover
coho  salmon.   AFS  questioned  the  assumptions  of  the plan's
habitat model, reliance on  Oregon logging regulations to protect
salmon habitat,  and  the  absence  of  changes  in  agricultural
practices such as grazing.  On Mar.  18, 1997, the OR House voted
56-2  to  approve the state's coho salmon recovery plan and a $30
million funding program using  the  state general fund if private
funding is unavailable.  [Assoc  Press,  Portland  Oregonian  via

Umpqua  River Cutthroat Trout.  On Mar.  10, 1997, a coalition of
sport  and  commercial  fishing   groups  filed  notice  in  U.S.
District Court of their intent to sue NMFS for alleged failure to
protect Umpqua River cutthroat trout adequately after  they  were
listed  as  endangered.  These groups are concerned that NMFS has
not designated critical habitat  for  this species.  By Mar.  25,
1997,  NMFS  is  scheduled  to  release  an  opinion  on  whether
construction of the $43 million Milltown Hill Dam, on  Elk  Creek
near  Yoncalla,  OR,  could  harm  the  endangered  Umpqua  River
cutthroat  trout.   The dam would block fish migration as well as
destroy as much  as  18  miles  of  stream  habitat for trout and
salmon.  [Assoc Press]

1997 Pacific Salmon Fishery.   On  Mar.   7,  1997,  the  Pacific
Fishery  Management  Council  adopted  4  options,  including one
providing no non-Indian salmon  fishing  off  the coast of WA and
northern OR, for Mar.  31-Apr.  1 public hearings on managing the
1997 salmon season.  Other options would allow limited commercial
and sport fishing for coho  and  chinook  salmon.   For  the  3rd
consecutive  year,  no  coho  salmon fishing would be allowed off
most of OR and all of  CA.   The  Council will decide among the 4
options at meetings to be held Apr.  7-11, 1997, in Millbrae, CA.
[Assoc Press]

Aquaculture and Aquaria

{Gulf of Maine Aquarium.  On Apr.  2, 1997, plans are  reportedly
scheduled to be announced to the effect that the $42 million Gulf
of  Maine  Aquarium  will  be constructed at the site of the U.S.
Naval Reserve Pier in Portland, ME.} [Assoc Press]

Chinese Crawfish Antidumping  Decision.   On  Mar.  20, 1997, the
U.S.   Dept.   of  Commerce  preliminarily  ruled  that   Chinese
crawfish tails are being illegally dumped on the U.S.  market for
less than their fair market value.

A  preliminary  tariff  adjustment to raise the price of imported
crawfish on the U.S.  market would remain in effect until a final
determination is issued on June 2, 1997.  [Assoc Press]

AL Oyster Farmer Assistance.   On  Mar.   11,  1997, about 380 AL
oyster farmers participated in a waterway trash cleanup  program,
developed   to   provide   assistance  to  oyster  farmers  whose
livelihood has been disrupted by state harvesting bans.  Funds to
pay oyster farmers were provided by a grant from the AL Dept.  of
Economic and Community Affairs.  [Assoc Press]

Clayoquot Sound Salmon Farm Vandalism.  On Mar.  9, 1997, vandals
cuts nets at a Clayoquot Sound salmon farm near Tofino, BC, owned
and operated by  Pacific  National  Group,  releasing  as many as
50,000 juvenile chinook salmon, which are unlikely to survive  in
the  wild.  The harvest value of these fish was projected at more
than C$1.2 million.  Recent  protests  focused on the salmon farm
company's license extension and fears that salmon  farming  could
harm  wild  salmon,  but  an  agreement had been reached in early
March for relocation of the  salmon farm.  [Dow Jones News, Assoc

Freshwater Fisheries

{Fishing Access.  On Apr.  4, 1997, the Madison County (MT) Board
of Commissioners has scheduled a hearing to consider  the  repeal
of  a  1995  ordinance  prohibiting  landowners from constructing
fences   designed   to   hinder   fisherman   access   on  county
rights-of-way easements near bridges.  After  the  ordinance  was
enacted,  five landowners filed suit against the County, claiming
the ordinance  condemned  a  portion  of  their  property without
providing compensation.  These  landowners  say  they  will  drop
their lawsuit if the ordinance is repealed.} [Assoc Press]

{Fishing  Access Purchase.  On Mar.  31, 1997, NY Governor George
Pataki announced that NY will purchase $1 million worth of public
fishing access rights during the  next fiscal year.  The purchase
would be funded by money approved by voters  in  the  1996  Clean
Water-Clean Air Bond Act.} [Assoc Press]

Barton  Springs  Salamander  Protection.  On Mar.  26, 1997, U.S.
District  Judge  Lucius  Bunton  ruled  that  Interior  Secretary
Babbitt violated  the  Endangered  Species  Act  in  1996 when he
withdrew the proposed listing of Texas' Barton Springs salamander
after state agencies agreed with  the  U.S.   Fish  and  Wildlife
Service  on  a  cooperative  conservation  plan  for the species.
[Assoc Press]
end of Part 2/3

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