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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 3/3
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Mon, 7 Apr 1997 15:02:16 GMT

text/plain (164 lines)

Date: Mon, 7 Apr 1997 09:21:53 -0400
From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

Eurasian Ruffe Symposium.  On  Mar.   21,  1997, the National Sea
Grant College Program is sponsoring an international symposium in
Ann Arbor, MI, on eurasian ruffe, an  unintentionally  introduced
species in the Great Lakes.  [Sea Grant press release]

Uncollected  Fishing  License  Fees.   On  Mar.   18, 1997, state
examiners released an audit of the WA Dept.  of Fish and Wildlife
indicating as much as  $730,000  is  owed  the Dept., mostly from
1994 hunting and fishing license sales  at  retail  outlets.   At
least  155  outlets  failed  to  submit license revenues.  [Assoc

Bull Trout.  On  Mar.   13,  1997,  the  U.S.   Fish and Wildlife
Service (FWS) announced that 2 populations of bull trout (in  the
Klamath  and Columbia River basins) qualify for listing under the
Endangered Species  Act  based  on  1994  data,  but  requested a
5-month delay (until Aug.  15, 1997) to  study  1997  data.   FWS
reported   that  listing  was  not  warranted  for  3  stable  or
increasing  populations  in  the  coastal/Puget  Sound  area, WA;
Jarbridge River, NV; and the Saskatchewan River, Alberta, Canada.
On Mar.  25, 1997, 2 MT conservation groups asked U.S.   District
Judge  Robert  Jones  to  order  the Fish and Wildlife Service to
immediately  list  bull  trout  as  a  threatened  or  endangered
species.  [Assoc Press, NW Fishletter No.  30]

Chippewa Treaty Fishing.  On Mar.   7, 1997, U.S.  District Court
Judge Michael Davis rejected MN's request for a 4-month delay  in
the  exercise  of  newly granted fishing rights by the Mille Lacs
band of Chippewa and 7  other  bands, holding that the bands have
been deprived of their treaty right to fish for too  many  years.
MN  officials  reported  plans  to  file an appeal.  On Mar.  27,
1997, MN Governor Arne  Carlson  requested time during television
evening news broadcasts on Apr.  7, 1997, for a public address to
stress the importance of avoiding tension and preventing violence
in implementing treaty fishing rights.  {On Apr.  2, 1997, the MN
Dept.   of  Natural  Resources  held  the  first  of   7   public
information  meetings  scheduled to explain Treaty fishing rights
before the 8 Chippewa bands begin spearfishing and gillnetting on
Lake Mille Lacs and 30 other central MN lakes.} [Assoc Press]

Kokanee Salmon  in  Dworshak  Reservoir.   On  Mar.   7, 1997, ID
biologists reported to the ID Fish and Game Commission that  they
plan  to use strobe lights and noise to scare kokanee salmon away
from  Dworshak  Dam  to  preclude  repeating  the  extensive loss
experienced in 1996 when more than 1 million kokanee were lost in
spills to discharge high runoff.  [Assoc Press]

Whirling Disease.  On Mar.  6-8, 1997, a  national  symposium  on
whirling  disease  was scheduled to convene in Logan, UT.  [Assoc

Marine Mammals

{Polar Bear Hearing.   On  Apr.   30,  1997,  the House Resources
Committee has tentatively scheduled a hearing on H.J.Res.  59,  a
joint  resolution  to  disapprove  a  rule  affecting  polar bear
trophies from  Canada  issued  by  the  U.S.   Fish  and Wildlife
Service.} [personal communication]

{Tuna-Dolphin Hearing.  On Apr.  9,  1997,  the  House  Resources
Subcommittee  on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans has
tentatively scheduled a hearing  on  H.R.  408, amendments to the
Marine Mammal Protection Act to support the International Dolphin
Conservation Program.} [personal communication]

{Northern  Right  Whale  Protection.   On  Apr.   2,  1997,  NMFS
proposed to  restrict  fishing  times  in  northern  right  whale
habitat off New England in Cape Cod Bay, the Great South Channel,
and  several other areas.  In addition, fishing gear modification
would be required to allow whales  to  break free of gear in case
of incidental  entanglement,  and  response  and  assistance  for
entangled  whales  would  be  improved.   Public comments will be
received until May 15, 1997.} [Assoc Press]

{Canadian Sealing.  On Mar.  29, 1997, the International Fund for
Animal Welfare released a video  claiming to show illegal hunting
of young, whitecoat seals by sealers in the Gulf of St.  Lawrence
in  mid-March  1997.   Federal  authorities  reported  that  some
white-looking seals can be older and technically not the younger,
whitecoat seals.} [Assoc Press]

West Coast Pinniped  Draft  Report.   On  Mar.   27,  1997,  NMFS
released  a  17-page  draft  report  to  Congress  on  west coast
pinnipeds (seals and  sea  lions).   The report recommends, under
certain situations, killing some particularly  voracious  Pacific
harbor  seals  and  California  sea  lions  to protect endangered
salmon.  In  addition,  the  report  suggests  that  fishermen be
allowed to kill sea lions and seals as a last resort  to  protect
gear  and  catch.   West  coast seal and sea lion populations are
reported to consume  217,000  metric  tons  of fish and shellfish
annually.  [Assoc Press]

NZ Sea Lion Protection.  On Mar.  25, 1997, New Zealand officials
closed a squid fishery in the Southern Ocean for the remainder of
1997 to protect a population of Hooker's sea lions.  In balancing
economic interests against ecological  damage,  fishing  industry
representatives claimed early closure of the fishery would result
in  a $13.9 million loss in export income to protect the rare sea
lions after an estimated 100  animals were drowned in squid nets.

Japanese Coastal Whaling.  On Mar.  19-21, 1997, an international
workshop convened in Sendai, Japan, to consider  Japan's  request
to  the  International Whaling Commission (IWC) for permission to
conduct  a  limited  coastal  hunt   to  kill  50  minke  whales.
Recommendations from the workshop will be presented at the annual
IWC meeting in October 1997 in Monaco.  [Dow Jones News]

Gully Protection.  On Mar.  19, 1997, World Wildlife Fund  Canada
launched  a  campaign  to obtain federal government commitment to
protect The Gully,  an  underwater  canyon  near Sable Island off
Nova Scotia, said to be deeper and wider than the  Grand  Canyon.
The  Gully  is  habitat  for  a population of northern bottlenose
whales, a species added to  Canada's  List  of Species at Risk in
1996.  Concerns include  petroleum  exploration  and  development
near  The  Gully.   [World Wildlife Fund Canada press release via
Dow Jones News]

Ballard Locks  Sea  Lions.   On  Mar.   17,  1997, NMFS officials
reported a dramatic decline in the amount of time sea lions  have
spent  around  Ballard  Locks, WA, feeding on migration steelhead
trout and salmon -- from 91  hours  in the first 2 months of 1996
to only 16 minutes during the same period in 1997.  NMFS believes
that capturing and retaining 3 sea lions in captivity in May 1996
is responsible for the difference.  [Assoc Press]

Greenland Minke Whale Quota.  On Mar.  14,  1997,  the  Greenland
newspaper   Sermitsiak  reported  that  Greenland  officials  had
announced the 1997 aboriginal  minke  whale quota, with 148 minke
whales for western Greenland communities (99 of which are  to  be
taken  by fishing boats equipped with harpoon guns) and 12 whales
for eastern Greenland communities.  Since  1997 is the final year
of Greenland's 3-year aboriginal  quota  from  the  International
Whaling Commission (IWC), the IWC will consider new quotas at its
October 1997 meeting.  [High North Alliance News]

Iceland  Will Not Go Whaling.  On Mar.  11, 1997, Icelandic Prime
Minister David Oddson announced  on  television that Iceland will
not  harvest  minke  whales  in  the  near  future,  since  there
currently appears to be no legal avenue for marketing  whalemeat.
[personal communication]

NAMMCO  Scientific  Committee Meeting.  On Mar.  10-14, 1997, the
Scientific  Committee  of   the   North  Atlantic  Marine  Mammal
Commission (NAMMCO) met in Tromso, Norway.  Discussion focused on
the role of whales  and  seals  in  the  marine  ecosystem.   New
information on the abundance of several whale stocks was reviewed
--  72,000  for the central North Atlantic stock of minke whales;
22,800 for fin whales  in  the  North Atlantic east of Greenland;
and 9,250 for sei whales in the North Atlantic east of Greenland.
New survey data were reported to have confirmed earlier estimates
of northeast Atlantic pilot whale abundance as stable at 778,000.
In  reviewing  ecological  studies,  the   Scientific   Committee
concluded  that  minke  whales,  harp seals, and hooded seals may
have substantial  direct  and/or  indirect  effects on commercial
fish stocks, but recommended that  knowledge  be  improved.   The
annual  meeting  of  NAMMCO's  Council will be held on May 27-30,
1997, in the Faroe Islands.  [High North Alliance News]
end of Part 3/3

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