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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 3/6
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Thu, 1 May 1997 19:17:59 GMT

text/plain (244 lines)

From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

Italian  Driftnets.   On  Apr.   14-15,  1997,  the  EU Fisheries
Council was scheduled to consider a co-financing plan to  convert
the  Italian  swordfish fishery away from driftnet use during the
1997-1999 period.   The  proposed  plan  would  provide financial
incentives for fishermen and vessel owners to encourage  them  to
cease  or  modify  their  driftnet  fishing.   [Agence Europe via

Chesapeake Bay.  On Apr.  14,  1997, Virginia Institute of Marine
Science researchers reported  that  the  1997  aerial  survey  of
Chesapeake Bay indicated a 6% increase (3,500 more acres) in area
covered  by  sea  grasses,  reversing a 2-year trend of declining
acreage.  [Assoc Press]

Korean Oil Spill.  On Apr.   11,  1997, officials of the Japanese
Maritime Safety Agency confirmed that fuel oil  from  the  sunken
oil  carrier  Osong-Ho  had reached the coast of Tsushima Island.
Japanese fishermen  indicated  they  would  file  claims with the
International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund.  [Tokyo Kyodo  via
Foreign  Broadcast  Information Service, Seoul Yonhap via Foreign
Broadcast Information Service]

Galilee Redevelopment.  On  Apr.   10,  1997, RI Governor Lincoln
Almond announced plans for redevelopment of the fishing  port  of
Galilee and selection of a planning firm to develop a master plan
within 6 months.  [Assoc Press]

Herring  Spotter  Accident.   On Apr.  9, 1997, two single-engine
planes  carrying  spotters  of  spawning  herring  for  fishermen
collided over Prince William  Sound,  AK, killing two individuals
in one of the planes.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]

Glacier Bay Commercial Fishing.  On Apr.  8,  1997,  Glacier  Bay
National  Park (AK) officials announced that proposed regulations
would be  published  in  late  April  1997  gradually eliminating
commercial fishing in wilderness waters of the Park.   Commercial
fishing  would  still be allowed in outer coastal areas.  A March
1997 federal appeal court  decision  upheld  a lower court ruling
that federal law  prohibits  commercial  fishing  in  the  park's
wilderness  waters.   Proposed  regulations were published in the
Federal Register on Apr.  16,  1997, and a 6-month public comment
period is provided.   The  proposal  would  phase-out  commercial
fishing  over a 15-year period in Glacier Bay proper with fishing
prohibited annually  from  May  through  September, but authorize
commercial  fishing  in  outer  marine  waters   of   the   Park.
Commercial  fishing  in  wilderness  waters  would  be prohibited
immediately upon publication of final regulations.  [Assoc Press,
National Park Service press release, Reuters]

AK Seafood Tax Lawsuit.  On  Apr.   8, 1997, the American Factory
Trawler Assoc.  (AFTA) announced that it was  dropping  its  1994
lawsuit  in  AK  Superior  Court challenging Alaska's 3.3% tax on
at-sea processors of  seafood  as  unconstitutional, after the AK
Legislature changed the tax law in 1996 to address  most  of  the
perceived  inequities that concerned the AFTA.  The AFTA decision
will release more than $13 million  in taxes held in escrow while
the case was pending.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]

Beach Renourishment and Sea Turtles.   On  Apr.   7,  1997,  NMFS
halted  hopper  dredging  in  FL, SC, and NC after U.S.  Corps of
Engineers projects to replenish beach sand killed 19 sea turtles.
NMFS allowed a $54 million Myrtle Beach, SC, project to resume on
Apr.  8 after  the  hopper  dredge  was  replaced  by a hydraulic
dredge.  NMFS had agreed that the Corps could kill as many as  20
turtles   during   these   projects;   the  Corps  is  seeking  a
modification to allow as many as 30 turtles to be killed.  [Assoc

Humane Society TEDs Survey.  On Apr.  7, 1997, the Humane Society
of  the  United  States   reported   that  a  July-November  1996
undercover survey of 32 shrimp trawlers in ports along the  Texas
coast  found  13 with TEDs tied shut.  Shrimpers were reported to
have admitted tracking the Coast Guard by radio to determine when
enforcement could be  anticipated.   The Humane Society submitted
names and vessel identifications  of  alleged  TED  violators  to
federal officials.  [Assoc Press]

NCRI  Research  Proposals.   Apr.   7,  1997 was the deadline for
preliminary proposals for  new  project  funding  by the National
Coastal Resources Research and Development  Institute  (NCRI)  in
Portland,  OR,  in  4  program  areas: aquaculture and fisheries,
coastal   business    and    community    economic   development,
environmental and marine technology, and seafood  technology  and
production.   Projects  can  be  anywhere  in  the  coastal U.S.,
including the Great Lakes  and  U.S.  Territories.  [NCRI program

Sea Turtle Protection.  On Apr.  7, 1997, Fiji banned the killing
and molesting of sea turtles for 3 years, except for  traditional
ceremonial purposes.  [Assoc Press]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

Salmon  Habitat  Restoration.   The  May  1997 issue of Fisheries
{published} the results  of  a  study  by three Pacific Northwest
fishery  scientists  concluding  that   few   in-stream   habitat
enhancement  projects  have resulted in any long-term success for
the  fish.   To  succeed,  such  efforts  must  be  combined with
restoration of ecological processes within {an  entire  watershed
including  modification of upslope and riparian conditions, these
individuals suggest.} [Fisheries]

{Pacific Salmon Treaty.  On Apr.   25, 1997, talks among Canadian
and U.S.   fishermen  and  fishing  industry  representatives  in
Juneau,  AK,  ended with negotiators agreeing to consider setting
catch quotas for two southern  southeast AK salmon fisheries (one
seine and one gillnet) using "abundance-based management" wherein
harvest would reflect increases or decreases  in  pink,  sockeye,
and   chum   salmon   populations.   Additional  discussions  are
scheduled for May 5-9, 1997, in Vancouver, BC.} [Assoc Press]

{Columbia River  Spring  Chinook.   In  late  April  1997, state,
federal, and tribal biologists increased their projection of  the
1997  Columbia-Snake  River spring chinook salmon run from 68,000
to 90,000 fish, after  almost  55,000 spring chinook were counted
passing Bonneville Dam as of Apr.  25, 1997.} [Assoc Press]

Fishing Community Diversification.  On Apr.  24, 1997,  officials
of the Ford Foundation announced a $2 million grant to create the
nation's  first  bank  holding  company  dedicated  to  promoting
environmentally  sound  economic  development, including economic
diversification  in  coastal  communities  suffering  from salmon
season closures.  The conservation group Ecotrust (Portland,  OR)
will  join  with  the Shore Bank Corp.  (Chicago, IL) to form the
new holding company.  The  holding  company  will offer loans for
conservation-based  development  in  coastal   communities   from
northern CA through Prince William Sound, AK.  [Assoc Press]

{AK  Fishing  Guides.   On  Apr.   23, 1997, the Kenai River (AK)
Special Management Area  Advisory  Committee  held  a hearing and
received testimony on  whether  to  limit  the  number  of  sport
fishing  guides  on the river, charge guides higher license fees,
conduct a study of overcrowding  in the river's sport fishery, or
take other action.  ON APR.  30, 1997, THE AK  HOUSE  APPROVED  A
FISHING GUIDES.} [Assoc Press]

Clinton Administration Western Land Management Strategy.  On Apr.
23,  1997,  officials  of  the  Clinton  Administration announced
details  of  a   draft   $125  million-per-year  land  management
strategy, prepared by the  Forest  Service  and  Bureau  of  Land
Management,  to increase logging, create jobs, and better protect
fish in 7  western  states.   Land  use restrictions near streams
inhabited by fish on more  than  72  million  acres  of  national
forest  and other public lands would be broadened.  This strategy
was the preferred  alternative  in  a  draft environmental impact
statement for the Interior Columbia  Basin  Ecosystem  Management
Project.   The draft strategy now begins a 120-day public comment
period.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]

OR Spill Special Permit.  On Apr.  18, 1997, the OR Environmental
Quality Commission granted a special  permit allowing water to be
spilled  at  Columbia  River  hydroelectric  dams,  as  long   as
dissolved nitrogen levels do not exceed 120%.  [Assoc Press]

Salmon  Hatchery  Criticism.  On Apr.  17, 1997, officials of the
Columbia  River  Inter-Tribal   Fish   Commission   held  a  news
conference   coincident   with   testimony   before    a    House
Appropriations  Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, State, and the
Judiciary hearing, expressing concerns that Mitchell Act hatchery
funding in the Columbia  River  Basin  has been discriminatory to
Indian fishing.  [Assoc Press]

ESA Listing of Coho Salmon.  On Apr.   17,  1997,  The  Oregonian
(Portland,  OR)  reported  that it had obtained a copy of a draft
agreement between OR and the  federal government wherein OR would
have the lead in  salmon  recovery  efforts,  with  NMFS  closely
watching  OR's  efforts  to  improve  logging, grazing, and other
activities affecting water  quality.   NMFS would propose changes
in OR forestry regulations by Nov.  1, 1997,  to  achieve  larger
streamside buffers and better landslide prevention measures.  ESA
listing  of  coho salmon would be pursued if statutory changes to
OR law are not  made  by  June  1,  1999.   On Apr.  18, 1997, OR
officials presented  an  alternative  plan  that  would  have  an
independent scientific panel review logging rule changes proposed
by  NMFS.   OR  and NMFS signed a memorandum of agreement on Apr.
24, 1997.  {On Apr.   25,  1997,  NMFS announced that northern CA
and southern OR coho salmon would be listed as "threatened" while
northern and central OR coastal coho salmon would not  be  listed
in  response  to  the state of OR's negotiated recovery plan, but
identified as a "candidate" species for future consideration.  ON
ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT.} [Assoc Press, Reuters]

Juvenile  Salmon  Barging.   In  mid-April 1997, MT Governor Marc
Racicot informed NMFS  that  MT  was  withdrawing from the Salmon
Executive Committee, in the belief that  upstream  interests  are
not  receiving  sufficient  attention.   MT will continue to work
through the Northwest Power Planning Council.  [Assoc Press]

Salmon Recovery Appropriations Hearing.   On  Apr.  15, 1997, the
Senate  Appropriations   Subcommittee   on   Energy   and   Water
Development   heard  testimony  from  the  U.S.   Army  Corps  of
Engineers,   Bureau   of   Reclamation,   and   Bonneville  Power
Administration on plans and costs  for  salmon  recovery  in  the
Columbia and Snake River basins.  The Corps presented an estimate
that  drawing  down  the 4 Lower Snake River dams would cost more
than $500 million and would require a specific authorization from
Congress.  [Assoc Press, Congressional Record]

Canadian Salmon Fishery.   On  Apr.   15,  1997, British Columbia
Premier Glen Clark reported that an agreement  had  been  reached
between  the  provincial  BC  government and the Canadian federal
government on shared management  of salmon fisheries.  Management
of the salmon fishery  had  been  a  federal  responsibility;  BC
desired a larger role.  Details of the agreement were released on
Apr.  16.  The agreement provides that both BC provincial and the
federal  government  will provide C$15 million for salmon habitat
restoration.  In addition,  a  Canada-British Columbia Council of
Ministers will  coordinate  major  salmon  resource  and  habitat
issues,  and  a  fisheries  renewal  advisory  board will include
fishermen, industry groups,  and  communities to improve habitat.
[Assoc Press]

1997 Pacific Salmon  Fishery.   The  Pacific  Fishery  Management
Council  was scheduled to decide among 4 options for managing the
1997 salmon season, including  one providing no non-Indian salmon
fishing off the coast of WA and northern OR, at  meetings  to  be
held  Apr.   7-11,  1997,  in  Millbrae, CA.  Other options would
allow limited commercial and  sport  fishing for coho and chinook
salmon.  For the 3rd consecutive year,  no  coho  salmon  fishing
would  be  allowed  off  most  of OR and all of CA.  On Apr.  11,
1997,  the  Pacific  Fishery   Management  Council  approved  the
shortest salmon fishing season with the most severe  restrictions
ever.  Restrictions include no commercial fishing for coho salmon
anywhere  along  the  coast,  month-long  closures  including  no
commercial  salmon  fishing along the CA coast between June 1 and
June 23 and along the OR  coast  between June 27 and August 1, no
tribal fishing for coho salmon in rivers, and  severe  limits  on
catch quotas.  [Assoc Press]

Aquaculture and Aquaria

FL  Aquarium  Cuts.   On  Apr.  14, 1997, the president of the FL
Aquarium  (Tampa,  FL)  announced  the  elimination  of  four top
managers, including himself, to save $260,000  in  an  effort  to
further  reduce  operating  costs.   A  new  general manager will
oversee operations.  [Reuters]
End of Part 3/6

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