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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 4/4
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 23 May 1997 20:55:31 GMT
Content-Type:text/plain
Parts/Attachments:
Parts/Attachments

text/plain (301 lines)


From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

{Irrigation Project Blocked.  On  May  16, 1997, NMFS ordered the
Army Corps of Engineers to deny a permit for the withdrawal of as
much as  196  million  gallons  of  water  daily  from  John  Day
Reservoir  for  a  consortium  of  farming  families developing a
20,000-acre potato  and  vegetable  operation  near Boardman, OR.
This was the first major irrigation project  limited  by  a  1995
NMFS  policy  of "no net loss of water" to protect threatened and
endangered salmon.} [Assoc Press, NMFS press release]

Tribes Abandon Salmon Policy  Review  Process.   On May 15, 1997,
the  Yakama,  Warm  Springs,  Umatilla,  and  Nez  Perce   Tribes
announced  that they no longer would participate in the executive
committee  formed  to   consider  dispute  resolution  concerning
federal salmon restoration policy.  The Tribes expressed concerns
that  federal  policy  decisions   appeared   to   give   limited
consideration  to  the  tribes'  position  on the issues.  [Assoc
Press]

Clinton Administration Western Land  Management Strategy.  On May
15, 1997, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Subcommittee on
Forests and Public Land Management held a joint hearing with  the
House  Resources  Subcommittee  on  Forests  and Forest Health to
review  the  environmental  impact  statement  for  the  Interior
Columbia   Basin   Ecosystem   Management   Project.    Land  use
restrictions near streams inhabited  by  fish  on  more  than  72
million  acres of national forest and other public lands would be
broadened,  as  part  of   the   preferred  alternative  in  this
statement.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]

Pacific  Salmon  Treaty.   On  May  9,  1997,  discussions  among
stakeholders  broke  down  amid  reports  of  some  progress   on
southeast AK seine and gillnet fisheries.  Treaty negotiators are
scheduled  to  meet  on May 20-21, 1997, in Seattle, WA.  {ON MAY
20, 1997, TREATY  NEGOTIATIONS  COLLAPSED AFTER U.S.  NEGOTIATORS
INDICATED THAT THEY COULD NOT AGREE TO A SWAP  OF  A  LOWER  U.S.
SOCKEYE  HARVEST  FROM THE FRASER RIVER FOR A LOWER CANADIAN COHO
SALMON HARVEST  OFF  VANCOUVER  ISLAND  WITHOUT  STATE AND TRIBAL
REVIEW OF THE PROPOSAL.  ON  MAY  21,  1997,  CANADIAN  OFFICIALS
ADVISED U.S.  FISHERMEN THAT THEY WOULD ENFORCE REQUIREMENTS THAT
U.S.   VESSELS  REPORT  BY RADIO WHEN ENTERING CANADIAN WATERS OR
FACE POSSIBLE BOARDING, INSPECTION, DETENTION, AND FINES.} [Assoc
Press, REUTERS]

License  Plates  for  Salmon.   On  May  9,  1997,  the  OR House
Transportation Committee approved a license plate design  showing
a  salmon,  with a portion of the funds from plate purchase to be
dedicated to salmon restoration.  [Assoc Press]

{Salmon Barging.  On May  8,  1997,  the  Army Corps of Engineers
began a week-long moratorium in collecting and  barging  juvenile
salmon and steelhead trout from above Lower Monumental and Little
Goose Dams on the Snake River for release below Bonneville Dam on
the  Columbia.   The moratorium had been requested by the fishery
agencies of WA, OR, and ID.} [Assoc Press]

Umpqua  River  Cutthroat  Trout  Lawsuit.   On  May  7,  1997,  a
coalition of fishing and environmental  groups filed a lawsuit in
U.S.  District Court (Portland,  OR)  against  the  U.S.   Forest
Service,  Bureau of Land Management, and NMFS, challenging NMFS's
opinion that the Northwest  forest  plan  was adequate to protect
endangered Umpqua River  cutthroat  trout.   The  plaintiffs  are
asking  for  specific  measures  to  better protect this species.
[Assoc Press]

Nitrogen Supersaturation.  In early May 1997, nitrogen saturation
levels were reported to have  reached  140% below John Day Dam on
the Columbia River and 128% below Ice Harbor  Dam  on  the  Snake
River.  [Assoc Press]

Canadian  Salmon  Fishery.  On May 2, 1997, BC Premier Glen Clark
released  a  38-page   discussion   paper   calling  for  renewed
discussion with the federal government to reduce  duplication  of
government services and outlining a sport fishing proposal with 3
goals  for fisheries -- 1) protection of fish stocks and habitat,
2) creating sustainable fishery  jobs and stable communities, and
3) enhancing BC's role in fisheries solutions.  On May  5,  1997,
BC  Premier  Glen  Clark  announced  a  C$1.5  million grant to a
Community Fisheries Development  Centre  to  select  and manage a
range of community-based fisheries initiatives over  3  years  to
support   displaced  fishery  workers  and  fund  salmon  habitat
restoration work.  [Assoc Press]

Bristol Bay  Price-Fixing  Suit.   On  May  2,  1997, two seafood
processors agreed to pay $2 million to settle a 1995  $1  billion
class-action  lawsuit  alleging  price-fixing  in the Bristol Bay
salmon fishery  from  1989  through  1995.   Although  14 smaller
processors  previously  settled  for  about  $500,000,  about  40
defendants remain.  [Assoc Press]

Salmon Habitat Restoration.  The  May  1997  issue  of  Fisheries
published  the  results  of  a  study  by three Pacific Northwest
fishery  scientists   concluding   that   few  in-stream  habitat
enhancement projects have resulted in any long-term  success  for
the  fish.   To  succeed,  such  efforts  must  be  combined with
restoration of ecological  processes  within  an entire watershed
including modification of upslope and riparian conditions,  these
individuals suggest.  [Fisheries]

ESA Listing of Coho Salmon.  On Apr.  30, 1997, a coalition of 25
environmental  and  sport/commercial  fishermen's groups notified
NMFS that they intend to file suit on the decision not to list OR
coastal coho salmon  under  the  Endangered  Species Act.  [Assoc
Press, Reuters]

AK Fishing Guides.  On Apr.  30, 1997, the AK  House  approved  a
bill that would authorize the state to regulate and license sport
fishing guides.  [Assoc Press]

Columbia  River  Spring  Chinook.   In  late  April  1997, state,
federal, and tribal biologists  increased their projection of the
1997 Columbia-Snake River spring chinook salmon run  from  68,000
to  90,000  fish, after almost 55,000 spring chinook were counted
passing Bonneville Dam as of Apr.  25, 1997.  On May 8, 1997, the
ID Fish and Game Commission  approved a sport fishery on hatchery
spring chinook in the Little Salmon  (400  fish)  and  Clearwater
(500 fish) Rivers beginning May 17 to possibly as long as July 6,
based  upon  increased adult returns.  This is the first hatchery
spring chinook fishery in  ID  since  1993,  but it is subject to
approval by NMFS.  [Assoc Press]

Aquaculture and Aquaria

{AK ROE STRIPPING LAWSUIT.  ON MAY 21, 1997,  AK  SUPERIOR  COURT
JUDGE DAN HENSLEY HEARD ARGUMENTS ON WHETHER AK SALMON HATCHERIES
SHOULD  BE  ALLOWED  TO  STRIP ROE FROM RETURNING SALMON AND DUMP
THEIR CARCASSES.  A 1996 LAWSUIT  WAS  FILED SEEKING TO HALT THIS
PRACTICE.} [ASSOC PRESS]

SC Shrimp Virus.  In early May 1997, two SC  scientists  reported
to  the  SC Marine Advisory Committee that a virus similar to the
Asian white spot virus is  present  in many SC marine species and
widespread along the SC coast.  Scientists are having  difficulty
determining whether mortalities at shrimp farms are caused by the
Asian white spot virus or the similar virus.  [Assoc Press]

Freshwater Fisheries

{CHICAGO  WATERWAYS  AND  AQUATIC  NUISANCE SPECIES.  ON JUNE 18,
1997, THE GREAT LAKES PANEL  ON  AQUATIC NUISANCE SPECIES AND THE
FEDERAL AQUATIC NUISANCE SPECIES TASK FORCE HAVE SCHEDULED A TOUR
OF THE CHICAGO WATERWAYS FOCUSING ON THE  ROUND  GOBY  AND  OTHER
NONINDIGENOUS  SPECIES  DISPERSAL  BARRIER INITIATIVES TO CONTROL
THE MOVEMENT OF AQUATIC NUISANCE  SPECIES BETWEEN THE GREAT LAKES
BASIN AND  THE  MISSISSIPPI  RIVER  DRAINAGE.}  [U.S.   FISH  AND
WILDLIFE SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT]

Sikes  Act  Hearing.   On  May  22,  1997,  the  House  Resources
Subcommittee  on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans has
tentatively scheduled a joint hearing with the House Committee on
National Security on H.R.  374,  proposing to amend the Sikes Act
to enhance fish and wildlife conservation  and  natural  resource
management   programs   on   military  installations.   [personal
communication]

{Westslope Cutthroat Trout  ESA  Petition.   On  May  20, 1997, a
coalition of MT, OR, and ID environmental groups  announced  that
they  had  filed a petition to list the westslope cutthroat trout
as a threatened species.} [Assoc Press]

{Michigan Aquatic Nuisance Species  Management  Plan.  On May 20,
1997, U.S.  Fish and Wildlife Service  officials  announced  that
Michigan's   "Nonindigenous   Aquatic   Nuisance   Species  State
Management  Plan"  had  been  approved  by  the  federal  Aquatic
Nuisance Species Task Force.  MI  is  the  second state to have a
management plan approved, and permits MI to request federal funds
for implementation.}  [U.S.   Fish  and  Wildlife  Service  press
release, Assoc Press]

Marine Mammals

Hawaiian Whale Sanctuary.  June 6, 1997, is the deadline by which
HI  Governor  Ben  Cayetano  must  decide  how much, if any, of a
proposed 1,680 square miles  of  state waters and submerged lands
should be included within the  Hawaiian  Islands  Humpback  Whale
National   Marine   Sanctuary   and  managed  under  its  federal
management plan.  [Assoc Press]

Norwegian  Whaling.   A  Dutch  court  hearing  on  the  possible
extradition of Paul Watson to Norway is tentatively scheduled for
May 26, 1997.  Lofoten  Islands  police have announced that legal
proceedings in Lofoten County Court are scheduled against  Watson
in  Norway  on  Sept.   1,  1997,  relating  to alleged negligent
navigation and collision with  a  Norwegian coast guard vessel in
the summer of 1994.  Compensation for damages  of  $120,000  with
possible  interest  is  sought  by  the  Norwegian  Navy for this
collision.  On May  2,  1997,  Norway  began  its 1997 commercial
minke whale hunt for a quota of 580 animals.  The season will end
on July 21, 1997.  Individual vessels are limited to six weeks of
whaling, when an inspector is  aboard.   {On  May  20,  1997,  28
Norwegian  whalers and 4 whalemeat processing companies argued in
an appeal of  a  lower  court  denial  on  a $8.5 million lawsuit
against the Norwegian government in Oslo district court, claiming
they sustained considerable loss when  the  Norwegian  government
failed  to support the whaling industry between 1988 and 1993 and
did not  permit  commercial  whaling.}  [Assoc  Press, High North
Alliance News, Dow Jones News]

{Captive Manatees Outside FL?  On May 20, 1997,  U.S.   Fish  and
Wildlife  Service  officials  reported  in  the  Fort  Myers, FL,
News-Press that more than 50 manatees are in captivity in FL, and
that display facilities are  overcrowded.  Some manatees that are
not candidates for  release  may  be  made  available  to  public
display facilities outside FL, if appropriate captive maintenance
standards can be met.} [Assoc Press]

{Dolphin  Feeding  Enforcement.   On May 19, 1997, NMFS issued an
announcement reminding the public that  it  is illegal to feed or
swim with dolphins in the wild.  NMFS personnel are holding  news
conferences  at various locations in FL where dolphin feeding has
become popular.  NMFS has contracted with the FL Marine Patrol to
provide additional enforcement  relating  to dolphins during 1997
and, in 1998, NMFS expects to fund an  additional  6  enforcement
officers  for  protected  species  enforcement, including dolphin
feeding and harassment.} [Assoc Press, NMFS press release]

Whalemeat Smuggling Report.  On May 15, 1997, the British TRAFFIC
Network released a  report  entitled  "Whale  Meat  Trade in East
Asia," which reported that whalemeat is smuggled  illegally  from
Japan  and available on the menus of numerous restaurants in Hong
Kong.  [Dow Jones News]

CA Sea Lion  Deaths.   On  May  14-15,  1997, Mexican authorities
reported finding the carcasses of 14 CA  seal  lions  on  beaches
just  south of the U.S.-Mexican border.  The animals were clubbed
or shot and could have  drifted south from U.S.  waters.  Earlier
this month, 5 sea lion carcasses washed  ashore  in  the  Tijuana
Slough  National  Wildlife Refuge, just north of the U.S.-Mexican
border.  [Assoc Press]

Tuna-Dolphin Legislation.  On May  14,  1997, the Senate Commerce
Subcommittee on Oceans and Fisheries held a  hearing  on  S.  39,
amendments  to  the  Marine Mammal Protection Act relating to the
International  Dolphin  Conservation  Program.   {H.R.   408  WAS
APPROVED BY  the  full  House  on  May  21,  1997,  BY  A VOTE OF
262-166.} [Federal Register, personal communication]

CITES Downlisting of Certain Whales.   In  early  May  1997,  the
Convention  on  International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild
Fauna and Flora (CITES)  Secretariat recommended that 5 proposals
to downlist various whale stocks (minke whales in  the  northeast
and  central  north  Atlantic,  Southern  Hemisphere, and Okhotsk
Sea-West Pacific; eastern Pacific  grey whales; northwest Pacific
Bryde's whales) from Appendix I to Appendix II be accepted, based
on these populations not meeting the criteria  for  inclusion  on
Appendix  I.  Downlisting  to Appendix II could permit controlled
international trade in  these  species'  products  only if a 1979
CITES resolution recommending  no  permits  for  trade  in  whale
products  protected  by the International Whaling Commission were
repealed.   Japan  has   proposed   to   appeal  the  1979  CITES
resolution.  [High North Alliance News, Dow Jones News]

Keiko's  Recovery.   On  May  6,  1997,  the  Free  Willy   Keiko
Foundation  announced  that,  by spring 1997, Keiko could be in a
fenced-off pen in  the  North  Atlantic  as  the next step toward
release to the wild.  Details of cost  and  potential  sites  are
under research and negotiation.  [Assoc Press]

Japanese  Scientific  Whaling.   On  May  1,  1997,  a fleet of 4
Japanese ships departed  for  the  northwestern  Pacific with the
objective of killing as many as 100  minke  whales  for  research
purposes.   Research  is  scheduled to be completed by the end of
July  1997.   On  May  12-16,  1997,  the  International  Whaling
Commission's Scientific Committee is  meeting behind closed doors
in Tokyo, Japan, to review Japan's  scientific  whaling  program.
Results  of  this  review  will  be presented at the IWC's annual
meeting in Monaco in October 1997.  [Dow Jones News, Reuters]

Steller Sea Lion Listed as  Endangered.   On Apr.  30, 1997, NMFS
announced that it will list the Gulf of  Alaska  and  Bering  Sea
population of Steller sea lion as "endangered," as the population
continues  to  decline  between  5%  and  7%  annually.  A second
distinct, but  stable,  population  of  Steller  sea  lions, from
southeast AK through CA remains listed as "threatened."  NMFS  is
planning  a workshop to design an experiment on assessing whether
fishing area closures  might  benefit  Steller  sea lions without
unnecessarily restricting commercial  fishing.   [Reuters,  Assoc
Press, NOAA press release]

Polar  Bear  Trophies.   The  House  Resources  Committee  held a
hearing on Apr.  30, 1997, on H.J.Res.  59, a joint resolution to
disapprove a rule  affecting  applications  to  import polar bear
trophies from Canada  issued  by  the  U.S.   Fish  and  Wildlife
Service (FWS).  [Federal Register]

Atlantic  Large  Whale Protection.  On Apr.  26, 1997, the Senate
Commerce  Subcommittee  on  Oceans  and  Fisheries  held  a field
hearing in Portland,  ME,  on  the  proposed  regulations.   Four
public  hearings will be held from Apr.  30-May 3 on fishing gear
modification  regulations;  additional  public  comment  will  be
received until May  15,  1997.   On  May  7,  1997,  MA Dept.  of
Environmental  Affairs  officials  lifted  an  emergency  ban  on
fishing gear aimed at  protecting  northern  right  whales  since
these  whales appear to have left MA waters several weeks earlier
than normal this year.  [Assoc Press, Federal Register]
....
End of Part 4/4
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