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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 2/3
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 6 Jun 1997 13:35:01 GMT

text/plain (234 lines)

From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

Abalone Harvesting Ban.  On  May  15,  1997,  the CA State Senate
voted 25-6 to approve a bill imposing an indefinite moratorium on
harvesting red abalone south of San Francisco.  [Assoc Press]

Sharks.  On May 14, 1997,  NMFS  announced  that  the  commercial
quota  for large coastal Atlantic sharks for the season beginning
July 1, 1997,  was  being  reduced  from  642  metric tons to 326
metric tons to compensate for overharvesting by 316  metric  tons
during  the  first  six months of the year.  [NMFS press release,
Assoc Press]

NOAA Environmental Valuation Workshop.   On  May 14-15, 1997, the
National  Oceanic  and  Atmospheric  Administration  (NOAA)   has
scheduled  a free workshop on environmental valuation for coastal
and marine resource managers,  planners,  and decision makers, to
be held in Orlando,  FL.   The  workshop  will  focus  on  modern
economic  methods  and  tools  to  address  problems  of  valuing
environmental   amenities,   such   as   wetlands,  beaches,  and
recreational activities.  [NOAA announcement]

Menhaden Restrictions.  On May  14,  1997,  the NY State Assembly
and Senate approved legislation to restrict  menhaden  harvesting
in  Long  Island  Sound,  due  to increasing conflicts with sport
fishing.  The measure  postpones  the  annual opening of menhaden
season from May to July 4,  and  prohibits  menhaden  fishing  on
weekends and holidays.  [Assoc Press]

U.S.-Russia  Maritime  Boundary.   In  mid-May  1997,  U.S.   and
Russian  negotiators decided to postpone further talks until late
summer or early fall  on  resolving continuing questions that are
stalling Russian ratification of a 1990 Treaty between the United
States and  the  former  Soviet  Union  establishing  a  maritime
boundary in the Arctic Ocean and Bering and Chukchi Seas.  [Assoc

Fine  for  Untreated  Sewage.  On May 12, 1997, AK Superior Court
Judge  Fred  Torrisi  fined  a  Seattle-based  seafood processing
company for discharging untreated sewage into  Bristol  Bay,  AK,
waters,  and  using  unsanitary  water  to  process fish.  [Assoc

EU Fishing Fleet  Restructuring.   On  May  12, 1997, new British
Agriculture  Minister  Jack  Cunningham  announced  that,   while
Britain  will continue work to eliminate "quota hoppers," it will
not  veto  a  June   1997   review   of   the  EU  treaty  by  an
inter-governmental conference in Amsterdam.  [Reuters]

Rotten Shrimp Fine.  On May 12, 1997, U.S.  District Judge  Susan
C.  Bucklew  fined  a St.  Petersburg, FL, company $1 million and
sentenced two of its executives  to prison sentences for treating
imported rotting shrimp with chemicals  and  distributing  it  to
U.S.  markets.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]

Seafood  Inspection.   On  May 12, 1997, officials of the Clinton
Administration proposed that more seafood inspectors be hired, as
part of a broad plan  to  increase surveillance of imported foods
and improve U.S.  food safety.  [Reuters]

Oil Terminal Blockade.  On May 12, 1997, fourteen fishing vessels
began a blockade of the Sullom Voe loading port for  Brent  crude
oil in the UK's Shetland Islands in protest of a dispute with the
International  Oil Pollution Compensation Fund over suspension of
compensation  payments   for   the   1993   Braer  tanker  spill.
Compensation  payments  ceased   in   October   1995   when   the
compensation  limit  for a single claim was reached.  Late on May
12, the  Shetland  Islands  Council  issued  a  special directive
ordering the protesters to leave the harbor or be charged with  a
criminal  offense.   On  May  13, 1997, the 14 protesting fishing
vessels dispersed after being informed that they would be charged
by police and could  be  liable  for demurrage costs.  [Dow Jones
News, Reuters]

EU Troops Clash with Puerto Rican Fishermen.  On  May  11,  1997,
about  35  Puerto Rican fishermen from the island of Vieques were
reported to have clashed with  troops aboard 6 naval vessels from
Belgium and the Netherlands anchored in a  popular  fishing  area
which the fishermen claimed was reserved for civilian activities.
The  U.S.  Navy owns portions of Vieques and allows other nations
to conduct exercises there.  [Dow Jones News]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

{Sacramento River Pumping Station.  On June 3, 1997, a dedication
ceremony was scheduled to  celebrate the relocated and modernized
M&T Pumping Station on the Sacramento River, south of Chico,  CA.
For  almost  $5  million,  the new station was equipped with fish
screens to protect migrating  steelhead trout and salmon.} [Ducks
Unlimited and U.S.  Fish and Wildlife Service press release]

{Ms.   Frizzle  Award.   On  June  2,  1997,  Scholastic,   Inc.,
announced  that  a third grade teacher from Portland, OR, was the
recipient of the Ms.   Frizzle  Award  for creative excellence in
science teaching for a project entitled  "Salmon  in  the  Sink."
Students  will  work  with  the OR Dept.  of Fish and Wildlife to
build a  simulated  river  ecosystem  and  raise  salmon  fry for
release.} [Scholastic, Inc.  press release]

{Drawdown Field Hearing.  On May 31, 1997,  the  House  Resources
Subcommittee on Water and Power held a field hearing in Lewiston,
ID,  on  various  proposals  for  drawing down Columbia and Snake
River hydroelectric dams.} [Assoc Press]

{Sea Bird Protection.  On May 30,  1997, the WA Fish and Wildlife
Commission approved regulations designed to better protect diving
sea  birds  from  entanglement   in   commercial   salmon   nets.
Commercial fishermen will be required to modify gear and restrict
fishing  hours  during  the  Fraser River sockeye and pink salmon
fishery in northern Puget Sound, WA.  Regulations include gaps in
the tops of purse seine  nets  to  allow birds to escape, rebuilt
nets  with  white  twine  in  the  upper  20  meshes  for  better
visibility by birds, night closures when birds  are  less  easily
seen,  and  season closure when birds are abundant and salmon are
scarce.  The  regulations  were  developed  through a cooperative
effort by commercial  fishermen,  environmental  groups,  fishing
gear  suppliers,  and state and federal fishery managers.} [Assoc

Shasta  Dam  Temperature  Control.   On  May  29,  1997, Interior
Secretary Bruce Babbitt dedicated an  $80  million  structure  at
Shasta Dam to permit better temperature control of water released
from the dam to benefit chinook salmon downstream.  Funds for the
structure  were  provided by the federal government, water users,
and the state of CA.  [Reuters]

Columbia River  Spring  Chinook.   By  late  May  1997, more than
16,000 chinook salmon had been counted passing Lower Granite Dam,
with about 16% being wild (not hatchery) fish.  [Assoc Press]

Irrigation Project Blocked.  On May 16, 1997,  NMFS  ordered  the
Army Corps of Engineers to deny a permit for the withdrawal of as
much  as  196  million  gallons  of  water  daily  from  John Day
Reservoir for  a  consortium  of  farming  families  developing a
20,000-acre potato and vegetable  operation  near  Boardman,  OR.
This  was  the  first  major irrigation project limited by a 1995
NMFS policy of "no net  loss  of water" to protect threatened and
endangered salmon.  [Assoc Press, NMFS press release]

Tribes Abandon Salmon Policy Review Process.  On  May  15,  1997,
the   Yakama,  Warm  Springs,  Umatilla,  and  Nez  Perce  Tribes
announced that they no longer  would participate in the executive
committee  formed  to  consider  dispute  resolution   concerning
federal salmon restoration policy.  The Tribes expressed concerns
that   federal   policy   decisions   appeared  to  give  limited
consideration to  the  tribes'  position  on  the issues.  [Assoc

Clinton Administration Western Land Management Strategy.  On  May
15, 1997, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Subcommittee on
Forests  and Public Land Management held a joint hearing with the
House Resources  Subcommittee  on  Forests  and  Forest Health to
review  the  environmental  impact  statement  for  the  Interior
Columbia  Basin   Ecosystem   Management   Project.    Land   use
restrictions  near  streams  inhabited  by  fish  on more than 72
million acres of national forest  and other public lands would be
broadened,  as  part  of  the  preferred  alternative   in   this
statement.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]

Pacific  Salmon  Treaty.   On  May  9,  1997,  discussions  among
stakeholders   broke  down  amid  reports  of  some  progress  on
southeast AK seine and gillnet fisheries.  Treaty negotiators are
scheduled to meet on May 20-21, 1997, in Seattle, WA.  On May 20,
1997,  treaty  negotiations  collapsed  after  U.S.   negotiators
indicated that they could not  agree  to  a  swap of a lower U.S.
sockeye harvest from the Fraser River for a lower  Canadian  coho
salmon  harvest  off  Vancouver  Island, without state and tribal
review of the  proposal.   On  May  21,  1997, Canadian officials
advised U.S.  fishermen that they would enforce requirements that
U.S.  vessels report by radio when entering  Canadian  waters  or
face possible boarding, inspection, detention, and fines.  On May
23, 1997, BC Premier Glen Clark gave 90 days notice of his intent
to  terminate  the  U.S.  Navy's lease on an underwater submarine
and weapons test range at Nanoose Bay, BC.  On May 23, 1997, U.S.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright spoke with Canadian Foreign
Minister Lloyd Axworthy about  Pacific salmon negotiations; after
these  discussions,  the  Canadian  press  reported  that  treaty
negotiations would resume on May 30, 1997.  On May 25, 1997,  the
Canadian  government  seized  two U.S.  vessels, the Janet G. and
the Nautilus,  for  not  reporting  by  radio  and  stowing their
fishing gear, and on May 26, 1997, an  additional  U.S.   vessel,
the  Four  Daughters,  was  seized.  The U.S.  operators of these
vessels are to appear in Canadian  court on May 27, 1997.  On May
27, 1997, BC Provincial  Court  Judge  Brian  Saunderson  imposed
C$300  fines  on  the  three U.S.  vessels seized for not stowing
their fishing gear and not contacting Canadian authorities before
transit of Canadian  waters;  Canadian  prosecutors had asked for
fines of C$1,500 each.   On  May  27,  1997,  Canadian  fisheries
enforcement  personnel  seized a fourth U.S.  fishing vessel, the
Christina, for non-compliance with Canadian regulations.  Several
hours later, U.S.  State  Dept.   officials notified the Canadian
government that the United States was postponing  the  resumption
of  negotiations,  previously scheduled for May 30, 1997.  On May
27, 1997, BC Premier Glen Clark  met with WA Governor Gary Locke,
to discuss concerns with sharing a  projected  record  return  of
Fraser  River  sockeye  salmon in 1997.  U.S.  Secretary of State
Madeleine Albright and  Canadian  Foreign Minister Lloyd Axworthy
were reported to have BRIEFLY discussed the salmon situation  via
telephone on May 27, 1997, expressing mutual interest in resuming
negotiations.   On  May 28, 1997, the operator of the fourth U.S.
vessel  seized,  the  Christina,  was   fined  C$300  by  the  BC
Provincial Court and released.  On May 28, 1997,  United  States'
officials   appealed   to   Canada  to  resume  suspended  treaty
negotiations.  On May 28, 1997, AK Senator Murkowski was reported
to have asked that the  U.S.  Coast Guard consider escorting U.S.
fishing  vessels  through  Canadian  waters  to  prevent   vessel
seizures.   {On May 31, 1997, the Seattle Times reported that the
secret  conclusions  of  early  1996  mediation  by  New  Zealand
Ambassador  Christopher  Beeby  were   highly  favorable  to  the
Canadian  position  on  equitable  sharing  of   Pacific   salmon
harvests, and the Ambassador Beeby proposed an accounting formula
based  on  the  wholesale  value  of  domestic salmon landings to
establish   which   nation   should   curtail   fishing   or  pay
compensation.  On June 2, 1997,  BC  fishing  groups,  REPORTEDLY
announced the beginning of an  advertizing campaign in major U.S.
and Canadian newspapers along the Pacific coast,  expressing  the
Canadian  view  of  current  salmon  problems.   On June 3, 1997,
Senator Stevens was reported to  have  stated that he will oppose
$100 MILLION IN U.S.  funding FOR  environmental  cleanups  at  4
former  military  facilities  in  Canada, including Distant Early
Warning sites, because of  Canada's  recent actions to revoke the
U.S.  Navy lease at Canada's Nanoose Bay  facility.   BC  PREMIER
PROGRAMS.} [Seattle Times, Assoc Press, Reuters, Dow Jones  News,
Wall Street Journal]

License  Plates  for  Salmon.   On  May  9,  1997,  the  OR House
Transportation Committee approved a  license plate design showing
a salmon, with a portion of the funds from plate purchase  to  be
dedicated to salmon restoration.  [Assoc Press]
End of Part 2/3

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