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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 2/3
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 13 Jun 1997 21:07:49 GMT

text/plain (263 lines)

From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast


{Russia-Japan Salmon  Poaching  Agreement.   On  June  12,  1997,
private  sector  associations  from  Russia  and  Japan signed an
agreement to cooperate in  fighting  poaching of salmon and trout
from Russian waters.  Russian  officials  will  be  stationed  in
Japanese ports to check permits and measure catch against quotas.
Poaching has made it impossible for Japanese fishery associations
to predict import volumes, causing volatile prices for salmon and
trout.} [Dow Jones News]

{MT  Legal  Action.  On June 11, 1997, the state of MT filed suit
in U.S.  District  Court  against  the  Bureau of Reclamation and
Army Corps of Engineers seeking to have Hungry  Horse  and  Libby
Dams   in   the  Flathead  and  Kootenai  drainages  operated  in
compliance with the Northwest  Power Planning Council's 1994 Fish
and Wildlife Program that would limit drawdowns requested by NMFS
for salmon because  of  concerns  that  resident  fish  would  be
harmed.   MT  Gov.   Racicot also announced that the MT Dept.  of
Environmental Quality will  issue  a  notice  of violation and an
administrative order  directing  the  Bureau  of  Reclamation  to
operate  Hungry Horse Dam so as to minimize downstream effects on
the Flathead River.} [NW Fishletter #36]

{AK SALMON  Seiners  Strike.   On  June  9,  1997,  more than 250
members of the United Seiners Assoc.  remained in port in Kodiak,
AK, after voting on June 7 to not fish until processors agree  in
writing  on  a  price  for  salmon.   Many  Assoc.   members were
reported to have not  fished  last  year  due  to low prices.  IN

Sacramento River Pumping Station.  On June 3, 1997, a  dedication
ceremony  was scheduled to celebrate the relocated and modernized
M&T Pumping Station on the  Sacramento River, south of Chico, CA.
For almost $5 million, the new station  was  equipped  with  fish
screens  to protect migrating steelhead trout and salmon.  [Ducks
Unlimited and U.S.  Fish and Wildlife Service press release]

Ms.  Frizzle Award.  On June 2, 1997, Scholastic, Inc., announced
that a third grade teacher  from  Portland, OR, was the recipient
of the Ms.  Frizzle Award  for  creative  excellence  in  science
teaching  for  a  project entitled "Salmon in the Sink." Students
will work with the  OR  Dept.   of  Fish  and Wildlife to build a
simulated river ecosystem  and  raise  salmon  fry  for  release.
[Scholastic, Inc.  press release]

Drawdown  Field  Hearing.   On  May 31, 1997, the House Resources
Subcommittee on Water and Power held a field hearing in Lewiston,
ID, on various  proposals  for  drawing  down  Columbia and Snake
River hydroelectric dams.  [Assoc Press]

Sea Bird Protection.  On May 30, 1997, the WA Fish  and  Wildlife
Commission approved regulations designed to better protect diving
sea   birds   from   entanglement   in  commercial  salmon  nets.
Commercial fishermen will be required to modify gear and restrict
fishing hours during  the  Fraser  River  sockeye and pink salmon
fishery in northern Puget Sound, WA.  Regulations include gaps in
the tops of purse seine nets to allow birds  to  escape,  rebuilt
nets  with  white  twine  in  the  upper  20  meshes  for  better
visibility  by  birds,  night closures when birds are less easily
seen, and season closure when  birds  are abundant and salmon are
scarce.  The regulations were  developed  through  a  cooperative
effort  by  commercial  fishermen,  environmental groups, fishing
gear suppliers, and state  and  federal fishery managers.  [Assoc

Shasta Dam  Temperature  Control.   On  May  29,  1997,  Interior
Secretary  Bruce  Babbitt  dedicated  an $80 million structure at
Shasta Dam to permit better temperature control of water released
from the dam to benefit chinook salmon downstream.  Funds for the
structure were provided by  the  federal government, water users,
and the state of CA.  [Reuters]

Columbia River Spring Chinook.   By  late  May  1997,  more  than
16,000 chinook salmon had been counted passing Lower Granite Dam,
with about 16% being wild (not hatchery) fish.  [Assoc Press]

Pacific  Salmon  Treaty.   On  May  20, 1997, treaty negotiations
collapsed after U.S.  negotiators  indicated  that they could not
agree to a swap of a lower U.S.  sockeye harvest from the  Fraser
River  for  a  lower  Canadian  coho salmon harvest off Vancouver
Island, without state and tribal  review of the proposal.  On May
21, 1997, Canadian officials advised U.S.   fishermen  that  they
would  enforce  requirements  that  U.S.  vessels report by radio
when  entering  Canadian   waters   or  face  possible  boarding,
inspection, detention, and fines.  On May 23,  1997,  BC  Premier
Glen  Clark  gave  90  days notice of his intent to terminate the
U.S.  Navy's lease on  an  underwater  submarine and weapons test
range at Nanoose Bay, BC.  On May 23, 1997,  U.S.   Secretary  of
State  Madeleine  Albright  spoke  with Canadian Foreign Minister
Lloyd Axworthy  about  Pacific  salmon  negotiations; after these
discussions, the Canadian press reported that treaty negotiations
would resume on May 30, 1997.  On  May  25,  1997,  the  Canadian
government  seized  two  U.S.   vessels,  the  Janet  G.  and the
Nautilus, for not reporting  by  radio  and stowing their fishing
gear, and on May 26, 1997, an additional U.S.  vessel,  the  Four
Daughters,  was seized.  The U.S.  operators of these vessels are
to appear in Canadian court on May 27, 1997.  On May 27, 1997, BC
Provincial Court Judge  Brian  Saunderson  imposed C$300 fines on
the three U.S.  vessels seized for not stowing their fishing gear
and  not  contacting  Canadian  authorities  before  transit   of
Canadian  waters;  Canadian  prosecutors  had  asked for fines of
C$1,500 each.  On  May  27,  1997, Canadian fisheries enforcement
personnel seized a fourth U.S.  fishing  vessel,  the  Christina,
for  non-compliance  with  Canadian  regulations.   Several hours
later,  U.S.   State  Dept.    officials  notified  the  Canadian
government that the United States was postponing  the  resumption
of  negotiations,  previously scheduled for May 30, 1997.  On May
27, 1997, BC Premier Glen  Clark  met with WA Governor Gary Locke
to discuss concerns with sharing a  projected  record  return  of
Fraser  River  sockeye  salmon in 1997.  U.S.  Secretary of State
Madeleine Albright and  Canadian  Foreign Minister Lloyd Axworthy
were reported to have briefly discussed the salmon situation  via
telephone on May 27, 1997, expressing mutual interest in resuming
negotiations.   On  May 28, 1997, the operator of the fourth U.S.
vessel  seized,  the  Christina,  was   fined  C$300  by  the  BC
Provincial Court and released.  On May 28, 1997,  United  States'
officials   appealed   to   Canada  to  resume  suspended  treaty
negotiations.  On May 28, 1997, AK Senator Murkowski was reported
to have asked that the  U.S.  Coast Guard consider escorting U.S.
fishing  vessels  through  Canadian  waters  to  prevent   vessel
seizures.   On  May 31, 1997, the Seattle Times reported that the
secret  conclusions  of  early  1996  mediation  by  New  Zealand
Ambassador  Christopher  Beeby  were   highly  favorable  to  the
Canadian  position  on  equitable  sharing  of   Pacific   salmon
harvests,  and  that  Ambassador  Beeby  proposed  an  accounting
formula  based on the wholesale value of domestic salmon landings
to  establish  which  nation   should   curtail  fishing  or  pay
compensation.  On June 2, 1997,  BC  fishing  groups,  reportedly
with  support  of  and funding from the BC provincial government,
announced the beginning of an  advertizing campaign in major U.S.
and Canadian newspapers along the Pacific coast,  expressing  the
Canadian  view  of  current  salmon  problems.   On June 3, 1997,
Senator Stevens was reported to  have  stated that he will oppose
$100 million in U.S.  funding for  environmental  cleanups  at  4
former  military  facilities  in  Canada, including Distant Early
Warning sites, because of  Canada's  recent actions to revoke the
U.S.  Navy lease at Canada's Nanoose Bay  facility.   BC  Premier
Clark  responded  by  threatening  to cancel export of wolves and
grizzly  bears  to  the  United  States  for  species restoration
programs.  {On June 5,  1997,  Canadian  Foreign  Minister  Lloyd
Axworthy   indicated   that  talks  between  U.S.   and  Canadian
negotiators could resume in mid-June.  On June 11, 1997, Canada's
new Fisheries  Minister,  David  Anderson,  indicated  a moderate
stance would be taken in an effort to  achieve  a  resumption  of
Treaty  negotiations.}  [Seattle Times, Assoc Press, Reuters, Dow
Jones News, Wall Street Journal]

Irrigation Project Blocked.  On  May  16,  1997, NMFS ordered the
Army Corps of Engineers to deny a permit for the withdrawal of as
much as  196  million  gallons  of  water  daily  from  John  Day
Reservoir  for  a  consortium  of  farming  families developing a
20,000-acre potato  and  vegetable  operation  near Boardman, OR.
This was the first major irrigation project  limited  by  a  1995
NMFS  policy  of "no net loss of water" to protect threatened and
endangered salmon.  [Assoc Press, NMFS press release]

Aquaculture and Aquaria

{Shrimp Virus.  On June  11,  1997,  NMFS  on behalf of the Joint
Subcommittee on Aquaculture announced the  release  of  a  report
entitled  "An  Evaluation  of  Shrimp  Virus  Impacts on Cultured
Shrimp and on Wild Shrimp  Populations  in the Gulf of Mexico and
Southeastern  U.S.   Atlantic  Coastal  Waters."   Three   public
hearings will be held (July 15-23, 1997) and comments received to
help   in  the  development  of  plans  for  an  ecological  risk
assessment on shrimp viruses.} [Federal Register]

{McLaks Off the Market.  On  May  31, 1997, two customers and two
employees became ill after eating  McLaks  salmon  burgers  in  a
McDonald's  restaurant  in  Loerenskog, Norway.  As a precaution,
McDonald's subsequently withdrew  McLaks  salmon burgers from all
36 outlets in Norway until the source of  the  problem  could  be
identified.} [Reuters]

Norwegian  Salmon.   On  May  29,  1997,  the European Commission
discussed but  failed  to  agree  on  whether  or  not  to impose
anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties amounting to 13.7% on farmed
Norwegian  Atlantic  salmon.   On  June  1,  1997,  the  European
Commission approved  a  compromise  on  Norwegian  farmed  salmon
imports.   Instead  of  imposing  antidumping duties, a five-year
agreement was  negotiated  to  include  a  minimum  price for the
salmon, an increase in the Norwegian export duty on this  product
from  0.75%  to  3%, and a limitation on the growth of exports to
the EU  of  about  10%  per  year.   [Reuters,  Agence Europe via

AK Roe Stripping Lawsuit.  On May 21,  1997,  AK  Superior  Court
Judge Dan Hensley heard arguments on whether AK salmon hatcheries
should  be  allowed  to  strip roe from returning salmon and dump
their carcasses.  A  1996  lawsuit  seeks  to halt this practice.
[Assoc Press]

Freshwater Fisheries

Chicago Waterways and Aquatic  Nuisance  Species.   On  June  18,
1997,  the  Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species and the
federal Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force have scheduled a tour
of the Chicago Waterways  focusing  on  the  round goby and other
nonindigenous species dispersal barrier  initiatives  to  control
the  movement of aquatic nuisance species between the Great Lakes
basin  and  the  Mississippi  River  drainage.   [U.S.   Fish and
Wildlife Service announcement]

{Bull Trout.  On June 10,  1997,  the  U.S.   Fish  and  Wildlife
Service,  under  court order, proposed listing Klamath River bull
trout as endangered and  Columbia  River bull trout as threatened
under the Endangered  Species  Act.   Five  public  hearings  are
scheduled  on  the  proposal  between July 1 and July 17.  Public
comments will be taken until Aug.  12, 1997.} [Assoc Press]

{Pocomoke River fish lesions.   On  June  10,  1997, MD Dept.  of
Natural Resources officials expanded their study into  the  cause
of  lesions  on  white  perch, croakers, catfish, and carp in the
Pocomoke River drainage.  The lesions were first reported about 9
months ago.  Although some  consider the fungus, Actinomyces sp.,
to be the cause  of  the  lesions,  researchers  are  seeking  to
understand  why  these  fish seem to be especially susceptible to
the fungus.} [Assoc Press]

National Fishing Week.  June 2-8,  1997 was celebrated across the
United States as National Fishing Week.  At least 44  states  and
the  District  of  Columbia  scheduled "Free Fishing Days" during
this week when residents  could  fish  without having purchased a
license.  [U.S.  Fish and Wildlife Service press release]

Sikes  Act  Hearing.   On  May  22,  1997,  the  House  Resources
Subcommittee on  Fisheries  Conservation,  Wildlife,  and  Oceans
{held  a  joint}  hearing  with  the  House Committee on National
Security on  H.R.   374,  proposing  to  amend  the  Sikes Act to
enhance fish  and  wildlife  conservation  and  natural  resource
management   programs   on   military  installations.   [personal

Westslope Cutthroat  Trout  ESA  Petition.   On  May  20, 1997, a
coalition of MT, OR, and ID environmental groups  announced  that
they  had  filed a petition to list the westslope cutthroat trout
as a threatened species.  [Assoc Press]

Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plans.  On May 20, 1997, U.S.
Fish and  Wildlife  Service  officials  announced that Michigan's
"Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species  State  Management  Plan"
had  been  approved  by the federal Aquatic Nuisance Species Task
Force.   MI  is  the  second  state  to  have  a  management plan
approved,  which  permits  MI  to  request  federal   funds   for
implementation.   {On  June 11, 1997, the U.S.  Fish and Wildlife
Service  announced  approval  of  OH's  Aquatic  Nuisance Species
Management Plan and the awarding of a $25,000 grant to  the  Ohio
Dept.   of Natural Resources to begin the Plan's implementation.}
[U.S.  Fish and Wildlife Service press release, Assoc Press]
End of Part 2/3

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