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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 2/4
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 8 Aug 1997 20:20:47 GMT

text/plain (267 lines)

Ocean  International  Acquisition.   On   July  15,  1997,  Corsaire
Snowboard Inc.  announced that it  was  nearing  completion  of  its
acquisition  of  Ocean International Products SA de CV.  On July 28,
1997, Corsaire Snowboard Inc.   announced  that it had completed its
acquisition of Ocean International Products SA de  CV.   [Dow  Jones
News, Corsaire Snowboard press release]

European  Fleet  Restructuring.   On  July  11,  1997,  the European
Commission  released  its  annual  report  on  restructuring  of the
European fishing industry (MAGP III), confirming that the UK and the
Netherlands failed to achieve fleet tonnage reduction goals  by  the
end  of 1996.  In addition, France and Italy failed to achieve their
obligations  for  reducing  engine  power.   At  the  other extreme,
Portugal, Spain, Denmark, and  Germany  reduced  their  fleets  well
below  Multi-Annual  Guidance  Programme  (MAGP) requirements.  As a
whole, between 1991 and 1996, the European fishing fleet was reduced
15% in  tonnage  and  9.5%  in  engine  power.   [Agence  Europe via

Van Camp Seafood Sale.  {On July  10,  1997,  the  U.S.   Bankruptcy
Court  approved  the  sale  of  Van Camp Seafood assets to Tri-Union
Seafoods, LLC for $97  million,  after  the Court discounted a rival
$110 million offer for Van Camp Seafood Co.  from International Home
Foods, Inc., due to serious antitrust problems.  On July  15,  1997,
Van  Camp  Seafood,  Inc.   filed  a  motion  requesting  a  120-day
extension  for  filing a reorganization plan.  On July 18, 1997, the
Court entered a bridge order  extending Van Camp's exclusivity until
a Sept.  5, 1997, hearing on the  120-day  extension  motion.}  {{On
Aug.   6, 1997, the sale of Van Camp Seafood Co., Inc.  to Tri-Union
Seafoods, LLC was completed, with  the operations subsequently to be
known as Chicken of the Sea International.  Company headquarters are
to remain in San Diego, CA, and operation of a cannery  in  American
Samoa will continue.}} [Dow Jones News]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

{Savage  Rapids  Dam.   On Aug.  5, 1997, the Grants Pass Irrigation
District's board of trustees voted  3-1  to spend an estimated $13.5
million to remove the Savage Rapids Dam on the Rogue River,  OR  and
replace it with pumps.} [Assoc Press]

{NPPC  Meeting.   On  Aug.  5, 1997, OR Gov.  John Kitzhaber's chief
salmon advisor Jim Martin told  the Northwest Power Planning Council
(NPPC) that a 4-state plan to recovery salmon was necessary to avoid
continued failure in the Columbia River basin.  On  Aug.   6,  1997,
the NPPC was reported to have conceded that it had failed to restore
Columbia Basin salmon, and listened to recommendations by scientific
staff on how to improve the effectiveness of fishery programs funded
by the Bonneville Power Administration.} [Assoc Press]

{Elliott  Bay  Chinook  Fishery.   In early August 1997, Muckleshoot
tribal officials wrote the  WA  Dept.   of Fish and Wildlife seeking
additional restrictions on the  Elliott  Bay  chinook  salmon  sport
fishery,  claiming  the  run to the Green River was 27% smaller than
predicted.  The tribe is concerned that harvest of wild chinook will
threaten the population necessary  to  sustain the Green River run.}
[Assoc Press]

AK Pink Salmon Price.  On July 30, 1997, commercial  salmon  seiners
from False Pass to Cordova, AK, remained in port, refusing to accept
a  price  as low as $0.05 per pound for pink salmon.  Kodiak seiners
initiated the protest earlier in  the week, after the United Seiners
Association had little success in obtaining processor commitments to
a minimum price of $0.15 per pound.  {On Aug.   1,  1997,  a  second
salmon  buyer in the Kodiak area signed an agreement with the United
Seiners Assoc.  for a minimum base price of $0.15 per pound for pink
salmon; the first contract was  obtained  on July 28.  Fishermen are
fishing on a rotation basis until sufficient contracts are  received
to  permit  a  completely  open  fishery.   On Aug.  6, 1997, Kodiak
fishermen agreed to resume  fishing  after  3 processors agreed to a
minimum price of $0.12 per pound for pink salmon.} [Assoc Press]

{Port of Seattle  Salmon?   In  late  July  1997,  Port  of  Seattle
commissioners voted 3-2 to spend as much as $300,000 for feasibility
and  environmental studies to create an artificial salmon stream and
spawning area in downtown  Seattle,  WA,  for shared educational and
conservation objectives.   Private  funding  is  expected  to  cover
construction costs.} [Assoc Press]

Salmon/Steelhead  at  Bonneville  Dam.   In late July 1997, the U.S.
Army Corps of  Engineers  began  efforts  to release an undetermined
number of salmon and steelhead trout that may  have  become  trapped
beneath  the fish ladder near the Bonneville Dam's powerhouse on the
WA side of the river.   Debris  from  heavy spring runoff had ripped
holes in gratings allowing fish to become trapped.  Some  biologists
estimate  as  many  as  1,000 fish may be trapped.  In addition, the
Corps has been asked by federal,  state, and tribal managers to shut
down the dam's second powerhouse for several weeks  so  that  debris
can  be  removed  to  clear  the fish passage system before the peak
steelhead/fall chinook  run  arrives.   However,  the Corps contends
that pumping water from  the  fish  passage  system  and  subsequent
debris removal could not be completed in time to benefit this year's
fish.   {On  Aug.   4,  1997,  Corps  officials  announced that fish
passage facilities had been repaired  and  would be reopened on Aug.
5; few trapped fish were found.} [Assoc Press]

Columbia River Flow Management.  In late July 1997, the U.S.  Bureau
of Reclamation announced that it would begin spilling water at Grand
Coulee Dam, WA, and Hungry House Dam, MT, in order to meet NMFS flow
objectives for the Columbia River.  [Dow Jones News]

NMFS Oversight Hearing.  On  July  24,  1997,  the  House  Resources
Subcommittee on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans held an
oversight  hearing  to  review  the  authority  and  decision-making
processes  for  Columbia River salmon management by NMFS's Northwest
Region.  A continuation of  this  hearing  is scheduled on Aug.  15,
1997, in Boise, ID.  [Congr.  Record, personal communication]

Cook Inlet Salmon Fishery.  On July 23, 1997, AK Fish  and  Wildlife
Protection  officers  began  boarding  41 gillnet vessels alleged to
have been fishing for sockeye  salmon  beyond the legal 3-mile limit
in Cook Inlet.  Charges are pending for 15 vessels,  while  26  were
charged with misdemeanor counts of fishing in closed waters.  [Assoc

El  Nino.   On  July  18, 1997, the Peruvian government reinstated a
coastwide ban on anchovy fishing,  based on lowered harvests related
to  El  Nino  conditions.   In  mid-July  1997,  Chilean   officials
projected   a   significant  increase  in  anchovy  harvest  due  to
displacement of  anchovy  southward  from  Peru  by  warmer  El Nino
currents.  [Dow Jones News, Dow Jones News]

ID Hatchery Chinook.  On  July  17,  1997,  the  ID  Fish  and  Game
Commission  voted  to  open  more  areas  to  fishing  for  abundant
hatchery-bound  chinook  salmon  and to increase the catch limits in
several areas.  [Assoc Press]

Pacific Salmon Treaty.  On July  16, 1997, U.S.  and tribal managers
decided, jointly with Canadian managers, not to reopen  the  fishery
for  early Stuart sockeye from the Fraser River due to concerns that
high siltation  in  the  River  may  prevent  significant numbers of
salmon from reaching their spawning areas.   In  earlier  fisheries,
U.S.   fisherman  caught  about  108,000  early  Stuart  fish  while
Canadians  harvested  about  276,000.   On July 16, 1997, BC Premier
Glen Clark was reported to  have  written to Canadian Prime Minister
Jean Chretien calling  for  a  joint  strategy  to  counter  alleged
targeting  of  BC  sockeye  by southeast AK purse seiners near Noyes
Island.  Canadian officials claim  AK  fishermen have caught 350,000
Canadian sockeye in this fishery, rather than the 120,000 agreed to.
AK officials contend the sockeye catch has been  much  smaller.   On
July  18, 1997, U.S.  officials admitted that southeast AK fishermen
had incidently caught a  substantial  number  of sockeye salmon when
fishing for pink salmon, despite a limit  of  120,000  sockeye,  but
stated  that  they  believe the United States is not in violation of
the Treaty.  Canadian officials  are  concerned with the possibility
that southeast AK fishermen could catch as many as 1 million sockeye
caught by Aug.  1. On July 18, 1997, Canadian Foreign Minister Lloyd
Axworthy sent a diplomatic letter to the  United  States,  demanding
that  AK  fishermen  immediately  stop intercepting Canadian sockeye
salmon.  On July 18, 1997, after  dozens of BC fishing boats blocked
the AK fish tender Polar Lady carrying 100 tons of salmon to a  fish
processing  plant  in Prince Rupert, BC, the tender returned to U.S.
waters.  On July 19,  1997,  several  hundred Canadian fishing boats
surrounded the AK ferry Malaspina in Prince Rupert, BC, blocking its
departure for Ketchikan, AK.  The blockade  continued  through  July
21,  despite  a  July  20 court order from a Montreal judge that the
fishing boats move and allow  the  ferry  to depart; about 300 ferry
passengers  were  stranded.   U.S.   Secretary  of  State  Madeleine
Albright sent a diplomatic letter to Canada,  protesting  the  ferry
blockade;  the  Canadian  fishermen  demand  that Canadian Fisheries
Minister David Anderson  intercede  and  resume Treaty negotiations.
On July 20, 1997,  a  second  ferry  bound  for  Prince  Rupert  was
diverted  to Bellingham, WA.  On July 20, 1997, four U.S.  fishermen
aboard two salmon gillnetters, the  Lynde  E and the Wanda Mae, were
arrested and their boats and  catch  seized  for  allegedly  fishing
inside  Canadian waters in the Juan de Fuca Strait near the mouth of
the Jordan  River  off  the  southern  tip  of  Vancouver Island; in
addition, their gillnets reportedly were of a type that was  illegal
in  Canada.  On July 21, 1997, the captains of the two U.S.  fishing
vessels arrested were fined $4,000  each, with charges against their
two deckhands stayed.  Late on July  21,  1997  and  after  Canadian
Fisheries  Minister  David  Anderson assured fishermen that he would
make a renewed effort  to  resolve  the dispute, Canadian protesters
allowed the AK ferry Malaspina to continue its  journey  north  from
Prince  Rupert, BC.  AK has suspended ferry service to Prince Rupert
indefinitely, and AK's  Attorney  General  is  reported to have said
that AK intends to sue BC fishermen and the Canadian  government  in
Vancouver,BC,  Federal  Court for damages.  On July 22, 1997, Prince
Rupert's mayor sent a letter of apology to AK Governor Tony Knowles,
including assurances that efforts  are  being  made to compensate AK
for losses.  On July 23, 1997, Canadian and U.S.   officials  agreed
to  appoint  special  envoys  to  renew Pacific salmon negotiations;
these envoys will  maintain  daily  contact  and  report directly to
Prime Minister Jean Chretien and President Bill  Clinton.   On  July
23, 1997, U.S.  and Canadian officials were reported to have held an
hour-long  meeting characterized as a "good discussion." On July 23,
1997, the U.S.  Senate voted  81-19  to pass S.Res.  109, expressing
the sense of Congress with respect  to  the  AK  ferry  blockade  in
Prince  Rupert,  BC, and urging President Clinton to impose economic
sanctions if  other  ferries  are  blocked.   On  July  23, 1997, WA
officials announced that they were reopening the fishery  for  early
Stuart  sockeye  for  one  day  on July 24, after the Pacific Salmon
Commission increased its estimate of  the  run size from 1.4 million
fish to 1.8 million fish.  Thus far the U.S.  has harvested  121,000
fish  while  Canadians have harvested 322,000; U.S.  managers agreed
to Canada's  revised  request  that  687,000  fish  (rather than the
earlier 500,000 fish) be allowed to escape for  spawning.   On  July
24,  1997,  AK  managers did not reopen the southeast AK purse seine
salmon fishery in  Management  District  4  to  allow sockeye salmon
bound for Canada's Nass River to pass.   On  July  25,  1997,  White
House  announced  that  former EPA Administrator William Ruckelshaus
had been  appointed  by  President  Clinton  to  serve  as  the U.S.
special envoy.  The Canadian  government  appointed  Dr.   David  W.
Strangway,  President  and  Vice  Chancellor of the Univ.  of BC, as
their special envoy.  On  July  28,  1997, AK Attorney General Bruce
Botelho was tentatively scheduled to personally  file  AK's  lawsuit
against  the  Canadian  government  and  BC  fishermen  for AK ferry
blockade costs in Vancouver,  BC,  Federal  Court.  AK is seeking $2
million in damages.  BC Premier Glen Clark assured BC fishermen that
the Province will pay their legal expenses.  On July 28,  1997,  the
Vancouver,  BC,  Federal  Court  Justice  Barbara  Reed granted AK a
permanent injunction against further  blockades  of AK state ferries
and approved the  transport  of  AK  commercial  salmon  through  BC
waters.   On July 28, 1997, the U.S.  House approved H.Con.Res.  124
by voice  vote,  condemning  the  blockade  of  the  AK  ferry by BC
fishermen  and  calling  on  the  Administration  to  protect   U.S.
interests.   In  late  July  1997,  the  Union  of  National Defense
Employees asked the BC Supreme Court  for an injunction to block the
closure of the Nanoose testing range, as threatened  by  BC  Premier
Glen  Clark, claiming BC has no authority to cancel a federal lease.
On July 29, 1997, Canadian  Fisheries Minister David Anderson met in
Washington,  DC,  with  Pacific  Northwest  Senators  and   Commerce
Secretary  William  Daley.   On  July 29, 1997, WA announced a 3-day
fishery for early sockeye  salmon  bound  for the Fraser River after
the Pacific Salmon Commission increased the estimated run size  from
351,000  fish  to  500,000  fish.   On  July  29, 1997, the AK ferry
Aurora, escorted by  U.S.   Coast  Guard  and Royal Canadian Mounted
Police vessels, made an uneventful trip to  Hyder/Stewart,  BC.   On
July 30, 1997, WA Gov.  Gary Locke announced that former WA wildlife
chief Curt Smitch was being appointed as Gov.  Locke's chief advisor
on  salmon  and  natural  resource  issues.  In addition, Smitch was
reported likely to  be  nominated  to  represent  WA  and  OR on the
Pacific Salmon Commission, replacing Bob Turner.  On July 30,  1997,
Canadian  Fisheries  Minister David Anderson met in Seattle with the
governors of WA and AK.  In  a  joint announcement on July 30, 1997,
the governors of AK and WA and  Canadian  Fisheries  Minister  David
Anderson  announced  that  an  expanded  "Salmon  Summit"  would  be
convened  in  fall 1997, and that stakeholder discussions may resume
in early fall 1997.  Fisheries Minister Anderson also announced that
Canada would  schedule  no  directed  fishery  for  coho  salmon off
Vancouver Island, reducing the harvest to 20%  of  the  run,  rather
than  the  60% harvested in 1996.  On July 30, 1997, BC Premier Glen
Clark urged Fisheries  Minister  David  Anderson  to adopt a "Canada
First" plan developed by a joint federal-provincial  working  group,
whereby  Canadian fishermen would be encouraged to intercept Pacific
salmon headed for U.S.  waters.   {On  Aug.   1, 1997, the AK Marine
Highway  System  announced  its  revised   August   schedule,   with
additional  sailings  to  and  from  Bellingham, WA, and deletion of
ferry stops at Prince Rupert,  BC.   On  Aug.  4, 1997, BC fishermen
held a 6-hour protest gillnet fishery in defiance of Canadian  Dept.
of  Fisheries  and  Oceans  (DFO) regulations for DFO's hesitance in
scheduling an opportunity for BC  gillnet fishermen to catch sockeye
salmon migrating to the Skeena River.  DFO is concerned that gillnet
fishermen cannot be selective enough  to  protect  intermingled  and
less  abundant  coho  salmon and steelhead trout.  On Aug.  4, 1997,
U.S.  Commerce Secretary  William  Daley  delivered  a speech to the
Montreal Board of Trade, commenting that the AK ferry  blockade  may
have changed attitudes sufficiently to cause progress in achieving a
negotiated  agreement.   On Aug.  5, 1997, Canada's Defense Minister
Art Eggleton announced that the Canadian federal government will not
allow BC Premier Glen Clark to  cancel a U.S.  Navy lease for marine
weapons testing at Nanoose Bay, BC.  On Aug.  5,  1997,  in  Ottawa,
U.S.  Commerce Secretary William Daley said that his Aug.  4 remarks
in Montreal had been "somewhat misinterpreted" and that the AK ferry
blockade  was  an  illegal  act that did nothing to help resolve the
End of Part 2/4

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