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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 2/4
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 1 Aug 1997 20:37:37 GMT

text/plain (244 lines)

From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

Jamaican Fishing Vessel  Interception.   On  July  8, 1997, the U.S.
Embassy  in  Jamaica  issued  a  statement  accusing  the   Jamaican
government  of  provocative  behavior relating to the British/United
States interception  and  questioning  of  the  crew  on  a Jamaican
fishing vessel, Silver  Dollar,  about  1.5  miles  inside  Jamaican
national  waters,  stating  that  the  Jamaican  vessel had not been
detained, boarded, or searched.  [Dow Jones News, Assoc Press]

Alien Ocean Premiere.   On  July  8,  1997, a 30-minute documentary,
Alien Ocean, on the problem of alien species introductions into U.S.
harbors, bays, and estuaries produced by the MD  Sea  Grant  Program
premiered  at  the  National  Aquarium  in Baltimore.  [MD Sea Grant
Program press release]

Ocean  International  Acquisition.    On   July  8,  1997,  Corsaire
Snowboard Inc.  (San Diego, CA)  announced  that  it  had  signed  a
letter  of  intent  to  acquire  a  controlling  interest  in  Ocean
International  Production  SA de CV (Puerto Penasco, Sonora, Mexico)
for 4  million  common  shares.   Ocean  International has exclusive
contracts with 150 fishermen in the  Sea  of  Cortez  and  processes
crab.   On July 15, 1997, Corsaire Snowboard Inc.  announced that it
was nearing completion  of  its  acquisition  of Ocean International
Products SA de CV.  {On  July  28,  1997,  Corsaire  Snowboard  Inc.
announced   that   it   had   completed  its  acquisition  of  Ocean
International  Products  SA  de   CV.}  [Dow  Jones  News,  Corsaire
Snowboard press release]

Taiwanese  Investment  in  Alaska.   On  July  7,   1997,   Taiwan's
Nationalist  Party  approved  a  loan of $16 million by it's Central
Investment Holding Company to  be  matched  by  $16 million from the
Alaska Seafood Center  to  build  a  seafood  packing  operation  in
Anchorage,  AK.   The  $126 million project will also be funded by a
$50 million low-interest loan from  the  state of AK, $35 million in
leased equipment, and $9 million in bank loans.  Construction of the
$126 million project began in mid-July 1997.  [Dow Jones News]

NC Seafood Poisoning.  In early July 1997, seven people who ate fish
at a Chapel Hill, NC, restaurant became ill  after  eating  grouper.
On  July  21, 1997, 7 new cases of possibly ciguatera fish poisoning
were  reported  to  NC  health  officials  serving  Orange  and Wake
Counties; the  affected  individuals  reported  they  had  purchased
grouper from a grocery market.  Grouper was immediately removed from
grocery shelves.  [Assoc Press]

Japan-Taiwan  Fishery  Accord.  On July 4, 1997, Taiwanese officials
announced that Japan and  Taiwan  had  reached a tentative accord on
fishing in disputed waters between the two nations, that would allow
Taiwanese  fishermen   to   fish   in   waters   adjacent   to   the
Tiaoyutai/Senkaku  Islands.   [Taipei Chung-Kuo Shih-Pao via Foreign
Broadcast Information Service]

Japan-Russia Fishery Agreement.  On  July  4, 1997, Russia and Japan
negotiators meeting in Moscow were  reported  to  have  concluded  a
preliminary  fisheries  accord on jurisdiction in waters surrounding
four disputed islands  lying  between  the  two nations.  The accord
seeks to provide for the safety of Japanese boats  fishing  in  this
area.   Talks will reconvene in September 1997 in Tokyo to determine
how much Japan will pay Russia for access, what areas can be fished,
and how much fish can be  caught.   [Tokyo Kyodo via Dow Jones News,
Tokyo Asahi  Shimbun  via  Foreign  Broadcast  Information  Service,

New England Seafood Cases.  On July 2, 1997, the Coast Guard boarded
a RI vessel fishing in closed waters 130 miles off Provincetown, MA;
in  addition, the vessel was fishing with an illegal net liner.  The
vessel's catch was seized and  will  be sold, with the proceeds held
in escrow until the case is decided.  On  July  6,  1997,  the  U.S.
Coast  Guard  boarded a NY vessel fishing in the Nantucket Lightship
closed area 70 miles south of  Cape Cod, MA; the catch of butterfish
and whiting was seized and will be sold, with the proceeds  held  in
escrow  until  the  case is decided.  [U.S.  Attorney's Office press
release, Assoc Press]

Japanese Oil  Spill.   On  July  2,  1997, the Panamanian-registered
tanker Diamond Grace ran aground on a shallow reef 22 miles south of
Tokyo, spilling about 390,000 gallons of light crude oil.   Japanese
authorities  fear  oil  could  reach coastal fishing areas north and
east of the  spill  site.   On  July  5-6,  1997, Japanese officials
completed cleanup of the spilled oil, using almost 400  oil-skimming
vessels.    On  July  5,  1997,  fishermen  resumed  fishing  on  an
experimental basis.  [Assoc Press, Dow Jones News]

Great American Fish  Count.   From  July  1  through  July 14, 1997,
volunteer divers and snorkelers will participate in a fish survey in
four National Marine Sanctuaries --  Flower  Garden  Banks,  TX;  FL
Keys;  Channel  Islands, CA; and Monterey Bay, CA.  This activity is
jointly coordinated by NOAA's  Marine  Sanctuary program, the Marine
Conservation Network, the American Oceans  Campaign,  and  the  Reef
Environmental  Education  Foundation.   [NOAA  press  release, Assoc

Bumble Bee  Seafoods  Sale.   On  July  1,  1997, International Home
Foods, Inc.  announced completion of  the  purchase  of  the  canned
seafood business of Bumble Bee Seafoods, Inc.  for $163 million cash
and assumption of certain liabilities.  [Dow Jones News]

High  Seas  Driftnet  Fishing.  On July 1, 1997, the Guam-based U.S.
Coast Guard cutter Basswood  intercepted  a 130-foot fishing vessel,
reportedly claiming Chinese registry, and  has  been  following  the
vessel  while  checking  to  verify  its port of registry.  Although
refuted by  China  on  July  3,  1997,  the  vessel  claimed  it was
registered to China and appeared headed for its claimed homeport  at
Zhoushan   Dao  Island.   With  registry  refuted,  the  vessel  was
considered "stateless" and subject to  U.S.   law.  On July 7, 1997,
the U.S.  Coast  Guard  cutter  Basswood  continued  to  pursue  the
140-foot Cao Yu 6025.  On July 9, 1997, the U.S.  Coast Guard seized
and  boarded  the  Cao  Yu 6025 70 miles southwest of Kyushu Island,
Japan in the East China Sea; the  vessel and crew are being taken to
Guam for prosecution, with arrival estimated on July 20.  Aboard the
vessel were 12 miles of driftnet and 120  tons  of  fish,  including
tuna,  swordfish,  and  sharkfin.   [Assoc  Press, U.S.  Coast Guard
information release]

Canadian DFO Controversy.   An  article  in  the  July 1997 issue of
Canadian Geographic is reported to allege that the DFO intervened to
prevent Atlantic  cod  from  being  considered  for  listing  as  an
endangered species.  [Assoc Press]

Salmon Along the Pacific Coast

{AK  Pink Salmon Price.  On July 30, 1997, commercial salmon seiners
from False Pass to Cordova, AK, remained in port, refusing to accept
a price as low as $0.05  per  pound for pink salmon.  Kodiak seiners
initiated the protest earlier in the week, after the United  Seiners
Association had little success in obtaining processor commitments to
a minimum price of $0.15 per pound.} [Assoc Press]

{{Salmon/Steelhead  at  Bonneville Dam?  In late July 1997, the U.S.
Army Corps of  Engineers  began  efforts  to release an undetermined
number of salmon and steelhead trout that may  have  become  trapped
beneath  the fish ladder near the Bonneville Dam's powerhouse on the
WA side of the river.   Debris  from  heavy spring runoff had ripped
holes in a grating allowing fish to become trapped.  Some biologists
estimate as many as 1,000 fish may be  trapped.   In  addition,  the
Corps  has been asked by federal, state, and tribal managers to shut
down the dam's second  powerhouse  for  several weeks so that debris
can be removed to clear the fish  passage  system  before  the  peak
steelhead/fall  chinook  run  arrives.   However, the Corps contends
that pumping  water  from  the  fish  passage  system and subsequent
debris removal could not be completed in time to benefit this year's
fish.}} [Assoc Press]

{Columbia River Flow  Management.   In  late  July  1997,  the  U.S.
Bureau  of  Reclamation announced that it would begin spilling water
at Grand Coulee Dam, WA, and Hungry  House Dam, MT, in order to meet
NMFS flow objectives for the Columbia River.} [Dow Jones News]

NMFS Oversight Hearing.  On  July  24,  1997,  the  House  Resources
Subcommittee  on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans {held}
an oversight hearing  to  review  the  authority and decision-making
processes {for Columbia River salmon management by NMFS's  Northwest
Region.   A  continuation  of this hearing is scheduled on Aug.  15,
1997, in Boise, ID.} [Congr.  Record, personal communication]

{Cook Inlet Salmon Fishery.  On July  23, 1997, AK Fish and Wildlife
Protection officers began boarding 41  gillnet  vessels  alleged  to
have  been  fishing for sockeye salmon beyond the legal 3-mile limit
in Cook Inlet.  Charges are  pending  for  15 vessels, while 26 were
charged with misdemeanor counts of fishing in closed waters.} [Assoc

El Nino.  On July 18, 1997, the  Peruvian  government  reinstated  a
coastwide  ban on anchovy fishing, based on lowered harvests related
to  El  Nino  conditions.    In  mid-July  1997,  Chilean  officials
projected  a  significant  increase  in  anchovy  harvest   due   to
displacement  of  anchovy  southward  from  Peru  by  warmer El Nino
currents.  [Dow Jones News, Dow Jones News]

ID Hatchery  Chinook.   On  July  17,  1997,  the  ID  Fish and Game
Commission  voted  to  open  more  areas  to  fishing  for  abundant
hatchery-bound chinook salmon and to increase the  catch  limits  in
several areas.  [Assoc Press]

Hatchery  Impacts.   On  July  15,  1997, the Independent Scientific
Review Panel  reported  35  recommendations  to  the Northwest Power
Planning Council (NPPC) after reviewing fish and  wildlife  projects
proposed  for  FY1998 funding, including one recommendation that the
Council not approve funding for  new fish hatcheries in the Columbia
River basin until the impact of such facilities  on  wild  fish  and
river ecology is better understood.  Other recommendations concerned
measures  addressing  juvenile  salmon  migration and resident fish.
Public comment  on  the  Panel's  recommendations  will  be received
through Aug.  26, 1997.  [NPPC Congressional Update]

Wild  Coho  Salmon.   On  July  14,  1997,  NMFS  published  interim
regulations for protecting wild  coho  salmon  in  northern  CA  and
southwestern  OR.   Prohibitions  against  incidental  take would be
waived in OR  for  salmon  hatcheries,  ocean harvest and freshwater
sport fishing for other species, habitat improvement  projects,  and
research  as  long  as  they comply with the provisions of OR's coho
salmon  restoration  plan.   However,  cattle  grazing  and  logging
activities that harm salmon could be  punished with fines as high as
$100,000 plus a year in jail.  In CA, the  waiver  from  regulations
would  apply  only  to  ocean  fishing  and  some  research.   These
regulations  take  effect  on Aug.  15, 1997, with comments accepted
through Sept.  15, 1997.  {{On  July  29, 1997, U.S.  District Judge
Susan Illston ruled the NMFS acted properly in accepting  OR's  coho
salmon  recovery program, and not immediately listing OR coho salmon
as endangered or threatened.  In addition, Judge Illston ordered the
case moved from San Francisco  to Portland, where the Portland court
will decide whether OR's recovery plan is sufficient to restore coho
salmon populations.}} [Assoc Press, NMFS press release]

Kuskokwim River Chum Salmon Fishery.  On July 9, 1997, AK Dept.   of
Fish  and Game managers closed the Kuskokwim River to commercial and
sport fishing for chum salmon  in  response  to low numbers of fish;
subsistence fishing will be allowed to continue.  [Assoc Press]

Upper Columbia River Basin Ecosystem Management Plan.   On  July  9,
1997,  officials  of  the  U.S.   Forest  Service,  Bureau  of  Land
Management,  and  other federal agencies have scheduled a meeting at
Boise  State  Univ.    to   introduce   draft  environmental  impact
statements for the four-year, $35 million Upper Columbia River Basin
Ecosystem Management Project.  [Assoc Press]

Bristol Bay Salmon Fishery.  On July 4, 1997, the AK Dept.  of  Fish
and Game imposed an emergency closure of the Naknek-Kvichak district
fishery for sockeye; catches are poor and spawning escapement is low
since  warm,  dry  weather  has kept most of the fish offshore.  The
Togiak District fishery was  ordered  to  close  early on July 9. In
early July 1997,  the  Univ.   of  Washington's  Fisheries  Research
Institute issued a revised forecast of returning Bristol Bay sockeye
stocks,  reducing  the estimated catch by about 30% to fewer than 17
million fish.  On July  13,  1997,  the Bristol Bay Borough Assembly
declared a local emergency in light of weak salmon returns.  On July
14, 1997, AK Dept.  of Fish and Game officials  reported  that  this
year's  Bristol  Bay sockeye harvest may be the smallest since 1988.
The sockeye harvest estimate has been  reduced from 25 million to 15
million fish.  Although the reason  for  the  weak  returns  is  not
clear,  decreased marine survival is suspect.  On July 16, 1997, the
sockeye harvest estimate was lowered to 13 million fish, which would
be the lowest catch in 19 years.  On July 18, 1997, AK governor Tony
Knowles declared the Bristol  Bay  area  an economic disaster due to
the poor salmon harvest, providing for state aid.  As  of  July  18,
slightly  less  than  12  million sockeye salmon had been harvested.
The estimated lost income  totals  more than $80 million, reflecting
the poor  catch  and  low  salmon  prices.   {In  late  July,  1997,
fishermen  were  reported  to  have caught just 7.5% of the forecast
harvest  for  the  third  worst  harvest  of  the  century  for this
fishery.} [Assoc Press]
End of Part 2/4

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