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Subject: CRS Summary - Part 4/4
From: Aldo-Pier Solari <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Academic forum on fisheries ecology and related topics <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Fri, 1 Aug 1997 20:41:31 GMT

text/plain (182 lines)

From: Kate Wing <[log in to unmask]>

Chilean Salmon Antidumping  and  Countervailing  Duty Petitions.  On
July 1, 1997, attorneys for the Assoc.  of  Chilean  Salmon  Farmers
asked  the  Dept.   of  Commerce  to reject petitions against farmed
Chilean salmon, alleging  illegal  subsidization of salmon exporters
and undercutting of U.S.  prices, claiming that the  petitioners  do
not  represent the industry they seek to protect, that Norwegian and
Canadian salmon  farmers  would  benefit  most  if  the  duties were
granted, and that Chilean boneless salmon  fillets  do  not  compete
with  the  petitioners'  product.   On  July  2, 1997, the Dept.  of
Commerce decided to formally  open  an investigation on charges that
Chilean salmon is being unfairly subsidized and dumped on  the  U.S.
market.   A preliminary International Trade Commission (ITC) hearing
on the petitions and  determination  of  injury  was held on July 3,
1997.  A preliminary decision by the ITC is due by  July  28,  1997.
If  the preliminary ruling on injury to U.S.  producers is positive,
a Dept.  of Commerce decision on subsidies is due by Sept.  5, 1997,
and on dumping by Nov.   19,  1997.   On July 8, 1997, Chilean trade
representatives announced that they will  seek  formal  negotiations
with  the U.S.  Dept.  of Commerce to resolve salmon trade concerns.
On July 24, 1997, the U.S.  International Trade Commission concluded
its preliminary investigation and voted 3-0 that there is sufficient
evidence to indicate injury to U.S.  industry from alleged subsidies
and dumping of  Chilean  salmon  on  the  U.S.  market.  The Chilean
government has indicated that it might  file  a  petition  with  the
World  Trade  Organization  if U.S.  penalties are imposed.  [Assoc.
of Chilean  Salmon  Farmers  press  release,  Dow  Jones News, Assoc

Freshwater Fisheries

{Sacramento Delta Striped Bass.  On July 29, 1997, the CA Dept.   of
Fish  and  Game  reported  that this year's abundance index of young
striped bass in the Sacramento  Delta  and Suisun Bay was the lowest
recorded since the index  was  first  calculated  in  1959.}  [Assoc

Sacramento  Delta  Striped Bass.  On July 29, 1997, the CA Dept.  of
Fish and Game reported  that  this  year's  abundance index of young
striped bass in the Sacramento Delta and Suisun Bay was  the  lowest
recorded  since  the  index  was  first  calculated in 1959.  [Assoc
Press] {Edwards Dam Removal.  On  July  28, 1997, the Federal Energy
Regulatory  Commission  released  a   final   environmental   impact
statement,  recommending  complete  removal  of  Edwards  Dam on the
Kennebec  River,  ME.   This  is   the  first  time  that  FERC  has
recommended removal of an operating dam.  Edwards Manufacturing  Co.
and the City of Augusta, ME, sought a 40-year operating license from
FERC  for the dam.  Installation of a fish passage system at the dam
would be 1.7 times  more  expensive  than  retiring and removing the
dam.} [American Rivers press release, Assoc Press]

Fish Advisory Data.  On  July  23,  1997,  the  U.S.   Environmental
Protection  Agency  released  its  1996 summary of state-issued fish
consumption advisories, reporting that official advisories increased
26% over  1995,  due  largely  to  better  monitoring and reporting.
Advisories were in effect for about 5% of the nation's  total  river
miles and 15% of the nation's total lake area.  Five contaminants --
mercury,  polychlorinated  biphenyls, chlordane, dioxins, and DDT --
were  responsible  for  almost  95%  of  the  1996  fish consumption
advisories.  [EPA press release]

FWS Director Nomination Hearing.   On  July  16,  1997,  the  Senate
Committee  on  Environment  and  Public  Works held a hearing on the
nomination of Jamie Rappaport Clark to be Director of the U.S.  Fish
and Wildlife Service, Dept.  of the Interior.  [Congr.  Record]

Walden Pond Fishing?   In  mid-July  1997, representatives of People
for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) submitted a petition  to
MA  Governor William F. Weld, calling for a ban on fishing at Walden
Pond, northwest of Boston,  as  part  of  a PETA nationwide campaign
that will ask parks to ban fishing.  [Assoc Press]

Whirling Disease.  On July 10,  1997,  MT's  Whirling  Disease  Task
Force  received  a report that whirling disease had been detected in
an additional MT river  drainage (Yellowstone River) and recommended
that MT ban or place more stringent limits on rainbow trout  fishing
in  waters  infected  by whirling disease.  Mt's Fish, Wildlife, and
Parks Commission will receive a  detailed report from the Task Force
on Aug.  8, 1997, and  will  consider  Task  Force  recommendations.
[Assoc Press]

Native Yellowstone Fish.  On July 8, 1997, the National Park Service
released  an  assessment  of  obstacles  to restoration of westslope
cutthroat trout and fluvial  arctic  graying to Yellowstone National
Park  habitat.   Major  obstacles,  particularly  competition   from
introduced  rainbow,  brown,  and  brook  trout,  preclude immediate
progress, with gradual replacement  of  exotic fish in selected park
waters  proposed.   The  preferred  alternative  for  action  is  to
undertake suppression of non-native fish.  [Assoc Press]

Russell Dam Pumpback.  On July 1, 1997, the Army Corps of  Engineers
released  a report concluding that, at most, about 8 million fish or
0.5% of the fish  in  Lake  Thurmond  could  be  killed each year by
nighttime operation of the pumpback  turbines  at  the  Russell  Dam
hydroelectric plant on the Savannah River, SC.  The report concludes
that  threadfin  shad would be the species experiencing the greatest
mortality, with  possibly  7.6  million  killed.   The  SC Dept.  of
Natural Resources has 45 days to study the Corps report.  The  State
of  SC and the National Wildlife Federation have sued the Corps over
proposed pumpback operations;  U.S.   District  Judge Falcon Hawkins
will determine whether, and if so,  how  the  pumpback  program  can
operate.  [Assoc Press]

Bull  Trout.  Between July 1 and July 17, 1997, five public hearings
are scheduled on  the  U.S.   Fish  and  Wildlife Service's proposed
listing Klamath River bull trout as endangered  and  Columbia  River
bull  trout  as threatened under the Endangered Species Act.  Public
comments will be taken until  Aug.   12,  1997.  In early July 1997,
the Alliance for the Wild Rockies and Friends of the Wild Swan filed
a motion for summary judgment in U.S.  District Court, Portland, OR,
asking Judge Robert Jones to rule that there was not enough evidence
to separate bull trout into five distinct populations.   The  groups
hope  to protect all bull trout rather than two specific populations
proposed for endangered species act  listing.  On July 22, 1997, EPA
officials approved modifications of ID's water  quality  guidelines,
including  maximum  water  temperature, aimed at protecting spawning
and rearing habitat for bull  trout.  [Assoc Press, Washington Water
Power press release]

Marine Mammals

Norwegian Whaling.   On  July  25,  1997,  Norway's  whaling  season
concluded  with  Norwegian  whalers  in  31 vessels reported to have
taken  503  whales  of  their  580-whale  quota.   This  harvest  is
estimated to have produced  730  tons  of  meat valued at about $2.9
million.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]

Manatees.  On July 22, 1997, U.S.  Fish and Wildlife  Service  (FWS)
officials  announced  increased  patrolling  of  Brevard  Co.,  FL's
manatee  protection  zone.  Along with the FL Marine Patrol, the FWS
will   enforce   boating    and    recreation   regulations,   since
watercraft-related injuries (many of which were reported in  Brevard
Co.)  have contributed to 27 of FL's more than 110 manatee deaths so
far in 1997.  On July 23,  1997, Univ.  of Miami scientists reported
that papillomavirus had been found for the  first  time  in  two  FL
manatees  from different locations; this virus can cause benign skin
tumors.  [Assoc Press, Reuters]

CITES Hearing.  On July  17,  1997, the House Resources Subcommittee
on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife, and Oceans  held  an  oversight
hearing on the results of the recent meeting of CITES (Convention on
International  Trade  in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)
Parties in Zimbabwe.  [Congr.  Record]

Atlantic Large Whale Protection  Measures.   On  July 15, 1997, NMFS
announced details of a substantially revised 4-year  Atlantic  Large
Whale  Take  Reduction  Plan  to  reduce large whale entanglement in
lobster  and  gillnet  fishing   gear   along  the  Atlantic  coast.
Fishermen will be permitted to choose among a list  of  options  for
modifying  fishing gear to address entanglement concerns by Jan.  1,
1998.  Comments on the plan will be accepted through Oct.  15, 1997,
with the rule  taking  effect  on  Nov.   15,  1997.  Critical whale
habitat would be closed  to  certain  gear  during  times  of  whale
concentration, but gear modifications would not be required for gear
fished  in  inshore  coves  and harbors.  [NOAA press release, Assoc

Tuna-Dolphin Legislation.  On  July  14,  1997,  the Senate Commerce
Committee reported S. 39 with  an  amendment  in  the  nature  of  a
substitute, without a written report; S. 39 was placed on the Senate
Calendar  under  General  Orders.   {On  July  25,  1997, the Senate
vitiated a call  for  a  cloture  vote  on  S.  39,  and announced a
compromise agreement providing for lifting of  import  sanctions  on
tuna,  and  modification  of the dolphin-safe labeling if studies of
dolphin health and biology,  to  be  completed by March 1999, cannot
prove that long-term harm is being done to dolphins  by  surrounding
them  with  tuna  seines.   On July 30, 1997, the U.S.  Senate voted
99-0 to  pass  S.  39,  incorporating  compromise  amendments to the
International Dolphin Conservation Program.  This measure would  end
import  sanctions  on  non-dolphin-safe  tuna,  and could allow tuna
caught in purse seines  where  no  dolphins  are killed or seriously
injured to be labeled "dolphin-safe" if  research  cannot  prove  by
March 1999 that dolphins suffer long-term adverse effects from being
chased, herded, and surrounded by purse seines.} {{On July 31, 1997,
the  U.S.   House unanimously agreed to accept the Senate amended S.
39, and this measure was  sent  to the President.}} [Reuters, Congr.
Record, Assoc Press, Dow Jones News, Center for Marine  Conservation
press release, Defenders of Wildlife press release]
End of Part 4/4

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