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Subject: Philosophy of Science and Genetic Engineering of Fish.
From: Franklin Wayne Poley <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To:Scientific forum on fish and fisheries <[log in to unmask]>
Date:Sat, 18 Apr 1998 18:05:15 -0700

TEXT/PLAIN (87 lines)

Dear Fish Lists: I understand there are major food species like trout and
bass which spend part of their lives in salt water and part in fresh
water. Then there is the land-locked kokanee salmon in B.C.-a salt water
fish has become a fresh water fish. What do you think the prospects would
be for genetically altering a variety of fresh water fish to become salt
water fish? I like the idea of using the False Creek Inlet (see sig
below) for such R&D if you think it has any merit.

******************* ***********************

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Sat, 18 Apr 1998 17:52:31 -0700
From: Franklin Wayne Poley <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: [GEN-ETHICS] Future Food for Future Cities. (fwd)

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Sun, 19 Apr 1998 02:49:17 +0200
From: Franklin Wayne Poley <[log in to unmask]>
To: Multiple recipients of list <[log in to unmask]>
Subject: Future Food for Future Cities.

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Sat, 18 Apr 1998 15:07:15 -0600
From: Science-Week <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask], [log in to unmask], [log in to unmask]
Subject: SCIENCE-WEEK April 17, 1998

website. You can link to the daily news page at:
<A HREF="">DSN Briefs</A>
Access to the daily news page is free, and news items appear
there 1 to 2 weeks before they appear in the weekly edition.
You can use the Contents List to search for titles of previous
news reports. All back issues are archived at the website.

In an editorial in the journal Science, Philip H. Abelson
proposes that the next great revolution after the Industrial
Revolution and the computer-based revolution is already underway
and is the genomics revolution, and that the greatest ultimate
global impact of genomics will arise from the manipulation of the
DNA of plants. In the future, the world will obtain most of its
food, fuel, fiber, chemical feedstocks, and some of its
pharmaceuticals from genetically altered vegetation and trees.
Major companies such as Dow Chemical, DuPont, Monsanto, and
Novartis are spending billions of dollars annually on genetic
engineering and on acquiring stakes in genome-oriented companies.
Humans today employ the capabilities of relatively few plants.
Abelson suggests the major challenge is to explore the
opportunities inherent in the hundreds of thousands of plant
QY: P.H. Abelson ([log in to unmask])
<A HREF="mailto:[log in to unmask]">EMAIL</A>
(Science 27 Mar 98) (Science-Week 17 Apr 98)
Related Background:
Genetic engineering is the general term used for recombinant DNA
technology, a set of methods for introducing foreign DNA into a
host organism. It usually but not always involves gene cloning,
and there have been some spectacular successes in this field, for
example, the production of human insulin by genetically engin-
eered bacteria, the insulin then available as a therapy for human
diabetes. One of the most exciting areas for the application of
genetic engineering is agriculture, in particular food crops,
where there is considerable and reasonable hope that genetically
engineered food crops will be of great importance in increasing
agricultural productivity in underdeveloped countries. Pamela C.
Ronald (University of California Davis, US) reviews the recent
genetic engineering of disease-resistant rice crops, and suggests
genetic engineering will be useful for changing additional
aspects of rice and other grains, including cold tolerance and
drought resistance, and that ultimately breeders and farmers will
be able to choose from a repertoire of genetically engineered
clones to increase food production in places and under conditions
where it is badly needed. QY: P. C. Ronald, Univ. Calif. Davis,
Plant Biol., (916) 752-7094 (Scientific American November 1997)

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